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Виды лактобацилл (lactobacillus species) 

Виды лактобацилл

Lactobacillus Beijerinck 1901, genus. (Type genus of the family ¤ Lactobacillaceae Winslow et al. 1917 [Approved Lists 1980]; type genus of the tribe ¤ Lactobacilleae Winslow et al. 1920 [Approved Lists 1980]).
Type species: ¤ Lactobacillus delbrueckii (Leichmann 1896) Beijerinck 1901 (Approved Lists 1980).
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [BEIJERINCK (M.W.): Sur les ferments lactiques de l'industrie. Archives Néerlandaises des Sciences Exactes et Naturelles (Section 2), 1901, 6, 212-243.]
    
Lactobacillus acetotolerans Entani et al. 1986, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 43578 = CCUG 32229 = CIP 103180 = DSM 20749 = JCM 3825 = LMG 10751 = NBI 3014.
Reference: ENTANI (E.), MASAI (H.) and SUZUKI (K.I.): Lactobacillus acetotolerans, a new species from fermented vinegar broth. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 544-549.
Original article in IJSB Online
    
Lactobacillus acidifarinae Vancanneyt et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain R-19065 = CCM 7240 = CCUG 50162 = LMG 22200.
Etymology: L. adj. acidus, sour; L. n. farina, flour; N.L. gen. n. acidifarinae, of a sour flour.
Reference: VANCANNEYT (M.), NEYSENS (P.), DE WACHTER (M.), ENGELBEEN (K.), SNAUWAERT (C.), CLEENWERCK (I.), VAN DER MEULEN (R.), HOSTE (B.), TSAKALIDOU (E.), DE VUYST (L.) and SWINGS (J.): Lactobacillus acidifarinae sp. nov. and Lactobacillus zymae sp. nov., from wheat sourdoughs. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 615-620.
   
Lactobacillus acidipiscis Tanasupawat et al. 2000, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain FS60-1 = CCUG 46556 = CIP 106750 = HSCC 1411 = JCM 10692 = NBRC 102163 = NRIC 0300 = PCU 207 = TISTR 1386.
Reference: TANASUPAWAT (S.), SHIDA (O.), OKADA (S.) and KOMAGATA (K.): Lactobacillus acidipiscis sp. nov. and Weissella thailandensis sp. nov., isolated from fermented fish in Thailand. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1479-1485.
Original article in IJSEM Online
Note: According to Naser et al. 2006, Lactobacillus acidipiscis Tanasupawat et al. 2000 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus cypricasei Lawson et al. 2001.
Reference: NASER (S.M.), VANCANNEYT (M.), HOSTE (B.), SNAUWAERT (C.) and SWINGS (J.): Lactobacillus cypricasei Lawson et al. 2001 is a later heterotypic synonym of Lactobacillus acidipiscis Tanasupawat et al. 2000. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1681-1683.
   
Lactobacillus acidophilus (Moro 1900) Hansen and Mocquot 1970, species.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 4356 = CCUG 5917 = CIP 76.13 = DSM 20079 = IFO (now NBRC) 13951 = JCM 1132 = LMG 9433 = LMG 13550 = NCTC 12980 = NRRL B-4495 = VKM B-1660.
Synonyms: "Bacillus acidophilus" Moro 1900, "Thermobacterium intestinale" Orla-Jensen et al. 1936.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [1 MORO (E.): Über den Bacillus acidophilus n. sp. Jahrbuch fur Kinderheilkunde und physiche Erziehung, 1900, 52, 38-55. 2 HANSEN (P.A.) and MOCQUOT (G.): Lactobacillus acidophilus (Moro) comb. nov. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1970, 20, 325-327.]
    
Lactobacillus acidophilus Johnson et al. 1980, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 4356 = CCUG 5917 = CIP 76.13 = DSM 20079 = IFO (now NBRC) 13951 = JCM 1132 = LMG 9433 = LMG 13550 = NCTC 12980 = NRRL B-4495 = VKM B-1660.
Reference: JOHNSON (J.L.), PHELPS (C.F.), CUMMINS (C.S.), LONDON (J.) and GASSER (F.): Taxonomy of the Lactobacillus acidophilus group. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 53-68.
Original article in IJSB Online
Note: Lactobacillus acidophilus (Moro 1900) Hansen and Mocquot 1970 (Approved Lists 1980) has priority (Rule 24b).
    
Lactobacillus agilis Weiss et al. 1982, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain CIP 101264 = CCUG 31450 = DSM 20509 = JCM 1187 = LMG 9186 = NRRL B-14856.
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 8. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 266-268. [WEISS (N.), SCHILLINGER (U.), LATERNSER (M.) and KANDLER (O.): Lactobacillus sharpeae sp. nov. and Lactobacillus agilis sp. nov., two new species of homofermentative, meso-diaminopimelic acid-containing lactobacilli. Zentralbl. Mikrobiol. Parasitenkd. Infektionskr. Hyg. Abt. 1 Orig., 1981, C2, 242-253.]
Validation List N° 8 in IJSB Online
    
Lactobacillus algidus Kato et al. 2000, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain M6A9 = CIP 106688 = JCM 10491.
Reference: KATO (Y.), SAKALA (R.M.), HAYASHIDANI (H.), KIUCHI (A.), KANEUCHI (C.) and OGAWA (M.): Lactobacillus algidus sp. nov., a psychrophilic lactic acid bacterium isolated from vacuum-packaged refrigerated beef. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1143-1149.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus alimentarius (ex Reuter 1970) Reuter 1983, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 29643 = CCUG 30672 = CIP 102986 = DSM 20249 = JCM 1095 = LMG 9187.
Synonym: "Lactobacillus alimentarius" Reuter 1970.
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 11. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 672-674. [REUTER (G.): Lactobacillus alimentarius sp. nov., nom. rev. and Lactobacillus farciminis sp. nov., nom. rev. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1983, 4, 277-279.]
Validation List N° 11 in IJSB Online
    
Lactobacillus amylolyticus Bohak et al. 1999, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain LA 5 = CCUG 39901 = DSM 11664 = JCM 12529 = LMG 18796.
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 68. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 1-3. [BOHAK (I.), BACK (W.), RICHTER (L.), EHRMANN (M.), LUDWIG (W.) and SCHLEIFER (K.H.): Lactobacillus amylolyticus sp. nov., isolated from beer malt and beer wort. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1998, 21, 360-364.]
Validation List N° 68 Published with permission of the IJSEM Editorial Office
    
Lactobacillus amylophilus Nakamura and Crowell 1981, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 49845 = CCUG 30137 = CIP 102988 = DSM 20533 = IFO (now NBRC) 15881 = JCM 1125 = LMG 6900 = NCAIM B.01457 = NRRL B-4437 = NRRL B-4476.
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 6. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1981, 31, 215-218. [NAKAMURA (L.K.) and CROWELL (C.D.): Lactobacillus amylophilus, a new starch-hydrolyzing species from swine waste-corn fermentation. Dev. Ind. Microbiol., 1979, 20, 532-540.]
Validation List N° 6 in IJSB Online
    
Lactobacillus amylotrophicus Naser et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain DSM 20534 = JCM 1124 = LMG 11400 = NRRL B-4436.
Etymology: Gr. n. amulon, starch; N.L. adj. trophicus (from Gr. adj. trophikos), nursing, tending; N.L. masc. adj. amylotrophicus, growing on starch, pertaining to the ability to ferment starch.
Reference: NASER (S.M.), VANCANNEYT (M.), SNAUWAERT (C.), VRANCKEN (G.), HOSTE (B.), DE VUYST (L.) and SWINGS (J.): Reclassification of Lactobacillus amylophilus LMG 11400 and NRRL B-4435 as Lactobacillus amylotrophicus sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2523-2527.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus amylovorus Nakamura 1981, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 33620 = CCUG 27201 = CIP 102989 = DSM 20531 = JCM 1126 = LMG 9496 = NCAIM B.01458 = NRRL B-4540.
Reference: NAKAMURA (L.K.): Lactobacillus amylovorus, a new starch-hydrolyzing species from cattle waste-corn fermentations. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1981, 31, 56-63.
Original article in IJSB Online
Note: According to Jakava-Viljanen et al. 2008, Lactobacillus amylovorus Nakamura 1981 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus sobrius Konstantinov et al. 2006.
Reference: JAKAVA-VILJANEN (M.), MURROS (A.), PALVA (A.) and BJÖRKROTH (K.J.): Lactobacillus sobrius Konstantinov et al. 2006 is a later synonym of Lactobacillus amylovorus Nakamura 1981. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 910-913.

    
Lactobacillus animalis Dent and Williams 1983, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain 1535 = ATCC 35046 = CCUG 33906 = CIP 103152 = DSM 20602 = IFO (now NBRC) 15882 = JCM 5670 = LMG 9843 = NCIMB 13278 (formerly NCDO 2425) = NRRL B-14176.
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 10. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 438-440. [DENT (V.E.) and WILLIAMS (R.A.D.): Lactobacillus animalis sp. nov., a new species of Lactobacillus from the alimentary canal of animals. Zentralbl. Bakteriol. Parasitenkd. Infektionskr. Hyg. Abt. 1 Orig., 1982, C3, 377-386.]
Validation List N° 10 in IJSB Online
Note: According to the subcommittee on the taxonomy of Bifidobacterium, Lactobacillus and related organisms it seems necessary to verify the separate species status of Lactobacillus animalis Dent and Williams 1983.
References:
1 KAGERMEIER-CALLAWAY (A.S.): International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Bifidobacterium, Lactobacillus and related organisms. Minutes of the meetings, 4 and 6 July 1994, Prague, Czech Republic. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1391-1392.
Original article by Kagermeier-Callaway 2000 in IJSEM Online (PDF Format)
2 KLEIN (G.): International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Bifidobacterium, Lactobacillus and related organisms. Minutes of the meetings, 22 and 23 September 1999, Veldhoven, The Netherlands. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 259-261.
Original article by Klein 2001 in IJSEM Online (PDF Format)
    
Lactobacillus antri Roos et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain Kx146A4 = CCUG 48456 = DSM 16041 = LMG 22111.
Etymology: L. gen. n. antri, of a cave, cavern, grotto and, by extension, of the antrum region of the stomach.
Reference: ROOS (S.), ENGSTRAND (L.) and JONSSON (H.): Lactobacillus gastricus sp. nov., Lactobacillus antri sp. nov., Lactobacillus kalixensis sp. nov. and Lactobacillus ultunensis sp. nov., isolated from human stomach mucosa. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 77-82.
   
Lactobacillus apodemi Osawa et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ASB1 = CIP 108913 = DSM 16634.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. apodemi, of Apodemus, the genus name of the field mouse, Apodemus speciosus, from which the organism was first isolated.
Reference: OSAWA (R.), FUJISAWA (T.) and PUKALL (R.): Lactobacillus apodemi sp. nov., a tannase-producing species isolated from wild mouse faeces. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1693-1696.
More information (in French)
    
Lactobacillus arizonensis Swezey et al. 2000, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC BAA-171 = CCUG 45396 = CIP 106786 = DSM 13273 = JCM 11125 = NRRL B-14768.
Reference: SWEZEY (J.L.), NAKAMURA (L.K.), ABBOTT (T.P.) and PETERSON (R.E.): Lactobacillus arizonensis sp. nov., isolated from jojoba meal. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1803-1809.
Original article in IJSEM Online
---> ¤ Lactobacillus plantarum (Orla-Jensen 1919) Bergey et al. 1923 (Approved Lists 1980).
Note: According to Kostinek et al. 2005, Lactobacillus arizonensis Swezey et al. 2000, is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus plantarum (Orla-Jensen 1919) Bergey et al. 1923 (Approved Lists 1980).
Reference: KOSTINEK (M.), PUKALL (R.), ROONEY (A.P.), SCHILLINGER (U.), HERTEL (C.), HOLZAPFEL (W.H.) and FRANZ (C.M.A.P.): Lactobacillus arizonensis is a later heterotypic synonym of Lactobacillus plantarum. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 2485-2489.
   
Lactobacillus aviarius Fujisawa et al. 1985, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain 75 = ATCC 43234 = DSM 20655 = CCUG 32230 = CIP 103144 = JCM 5666 = LMG 10753 = NBRC 102162.
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 17. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 223-225. [FUJISAWA (T.), SHIRASAKA (S.), WATABE (J.) and MITSUOKA (T.): Lactobacillus aviarius sp. nov.: a new species isolated from the intestines of chickens. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1984, 5, 414-420.]
Validation List N° 17 in IJSB Online
Note: On the validation list n° 17, the type strain, strain 75 = DSM 20655 is incorrectly cited as ML2 = DSM 20653.
Reference: VALIDATION LIST N° 20, footnote d. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 354-356.
Validation List N° 20 in IJSB Online
    
Lactobacillus aviarius subsp. araffinosus Fujisawa et al. 1986, subsp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ML2 = ATCC 43235 = DSM 20653 = CCUG 32231 = CIP 103145 = JCM 5667.
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 20. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 354-356. [FUJISAWA (T.), SHIRASAKA (S.), WATABE (J.) and MITSUOKA (T.): Lactobacillus aviarius sp. nov.: a new species isolated from the intestines of chickens. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1984, 5, 414-420.]
Validation List N° 20 in IJSB Online
Note: This subspecies name was inadvertently omitted from validation list n° 17 and the effective date of validation is that of list n° 17 (April 1985).
Reference: ASSOCIATE EDITOR, IJSB: Validation list n° 20 (footnote d). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 354-356.
Validation List N° 20 in IJSB Online
    
Lactobacillus aviarius subsp. aviarius Fujisawa et al. 1985, subsp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain 75 = ATCC 43234 = DSM 20655 = CCUG 32230 = CIP 103144 = JCM 5666 = LMG 10753 = NBRC 102162.
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 20. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 354-356. [FUJISAWA (T.), SHIRASAKA (S.), WATABE (J.) and MITSUOKA (T.): Lactobacillus aviarius sp. nov.: a new species isolated from the intestines of chickens. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1984, 5, 414-420.]
Validation List N° 20 in IJSB Online
Note: This subspecies name was inadvertently omitted from validation list n° 17 and the effective date of validation is that of list n° 17 (April 1985).
Reference: ASSOCIATE EDITOR, IJSB: Validation list n° 20 (footnote d). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 354-356.
Validation List N° 20 in IJSB Online
    
Lactobacillus bavaricus Stetter and Stetter 1980, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 31063 = DSM 20269 = JCM 1129 = LMG 9844.
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 4. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 601 [STETTER (H.) and STETTER (K.O.): Lactobacillus bavaricus sp. nov., a new species of the subgenus Streptobacterium. Zentralbl. Bakteriol. Parasitenkd. Infektionskr. Hyg. Abt. 1 Orig. Reihe C, 1980, 1, 70-74.]
Validation List N° 4 in IJSB Online
---> ¤ Lactobacillus sakei corrig. Katagiri et al. 1934 (Approved Lists 1980).
Note: According to Kagermeier-Callaway and Lauer 1995, Lactobacillus bavaricus Stetter and Stetter 1980 is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus sakei corrig. Katagiri et al. 1934 (Approved Lists 1980).
Reference: KAGERMEIER-CALLAWAY (A.S.) and LAUER (E.): Lactobacillus sake Katagiri, Kitahara, and Fukami 1934 is the senior synonym for Lactobacillus bavaricus Stetter and Stetter 1980. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 398-399.
Original article in IJSB Online
---> ¤ Lactobacillus sakei corrig. Katagiri et al. 1934 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Klein et al. 1996.
---> ¤ Lactobacillus sakei subsp. sakei corrig. Katagiri et al. 1934, subsp. nov.
    
Lactobacillus bifermentans (ex Pette and van Beynum 1943) Kandler et al. 1983, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 35409 = CCUG 32234 = CIP 102811 = DSM 20003 = JCM 1094 = LMG 9845.
Synonym: "Lactobacillus bifermentans" Pette and van Beynum 1943.
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 12. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 896-897. [KANDLER (O.), SCHILLINGER (U.) and WEISS (N.): Lactobacillus bifermentans sp. nov., nom. rev., an organism forming CO2 and H2 from lactic acid. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1983, 4, 408-412.]
Validation List N° 12 in IJSB Online
    
Lactobacillus brevis (Orla-Jensen 1919) Bergey et al. 1934, species.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 14869 = CCUG 30670 = CIP 102806 = DSM 20054 = JCM 1059 = LMG 6906 = LMG 7944 = NRRL B-4527.
Synonyms: "Bacillus γ" von Freudenreich 1891, "Bacillus casei γ" von Freudenreich and Thöni 1904, "Betabacterium breve" Orla-Jensen 1919, "Lactobacterium breve" (Orla-Jensen 1919) Krasil’nikov 1949.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [1 ORLA-JENSEN (S.) (ed.): The lactic acid bacteria. Høst, Copenhagen, 1919, pp. 1-196. 2 BERGEY (D.H.), BREED (R.S.), HAMMER (B.W.), HUNTOON (F.M.), MURRAY (E.G.D.) and HARRISON (F.C.) (eds): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 4th ed., The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1934, pp. 1-664.]
    
Lactobacillus buchneri (Henneberg 1903) Bergey et al. 1923, species.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 4005 = CCUG 21532 = CIP 103023 = DSM 20057 = JCM 1115 = LMG 6892 = NCAIM B.01145 = NRRL B-1837 = VKM B-1599.
Synonyms: "Bacillus Buchneri" (sic) Henneberg 1903, "Bacterium buchneri" (Henneberg 1903) Henneberg 1926, "Ulvina buchneri" (Henneberg 1903) Pribram 1933, "Lactobacterium buchneri" (Henneberg 1903) Krasil’nikov 1949.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [1 HENNEBERG (W.): Zur Kenntniss der Milchsäure-bakterien der Brenneriemaische, der Milch, des Bieres, der Presshefe, der Melasse, der Sauerkohls, der sauren Gurken und des Sauerteigs, sowie einige Bemerkungen über die Milchsäurebakterien des menschlichen Magens. Zeitschrift fur Spiritusindustrie, 1903, 26, 329-332. 2 BERGEY (D.H.), HARRISON (F.C.), BREED (R.S.), HAMMER (B.W.) and HUNTOON (F.M.) (eds): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 1st ed., The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1923, pp. 1-442.]
    
Lactobacillus bulgaricus (Orla-Jensen 1919) Rogosa and Hansen 1971, species.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 11842 = CCUG 41390 = CIP 101027 = DSM 20081 = IFO (now NBRC) 13953 = JCM 1002 = LMG 6901 = LMG 13551 = NCTC 12712 = VKM B-1923.
Synonym: "Thermobacterium bulgaricum" Orla-Jensen 1919.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [1 ORLA-JENSEN (S.) (ed.): The lactic acid bacteria. Høst, Copenhagen, 1919, pp. 1-196. 2 ROGOSA (M.) and HANSEN (P.A.): Nomenclatural considerations of certain species of Lactobacillus Beijerinck. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1971, 21, 177-186.]
---> ¤ Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus (Orla-Jensen 1919) Weiss et al. 1984, comb. nov.
    
Lactobacillus camelliae Tanasupawat et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain MCH3-1 = BCC 21233 = JCM 13995 = NRIC 0672.
GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ accession number for the 16S rRNA gene sequence of the type strain: AB257864.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. camelliae, of Camellia sinensis, isolated from fermented tea leaves.
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 116. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1371-1373. [TANASUPAWAT (S.), PAKDEETO (A.), THAWAI (C.), YUKPHAN (P.) and OKADA (S.): Identification of lactic acid bacteria from fermented tea leaves (miang) in Thailand and proposals of Lactobacillus thailandensis sp. nov., Lactobacillus camelliae sp. nov., and Pediococcus siamensis sp. nov. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 2007, 53, 7-15.]
Validation List N° 116 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online
    
Lactobacillus carnis Shaw and Harding 1986, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain LV61 = JCM 9135 = LMG 9840 = NCIMB 12234 (formerly NCDO 2764).
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 20. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 354-356. [SHAW (B.G.) and HARDING (C.D.): Atypical lactobacilli from vacuum-packaged meats: composition by DNA hybridization, cell composition and biochemical tests with a description of Lactobacillus carnis sp. nov. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1985, 6, 291-297.]
Validation List N° 20 in IJSB Online
---> ¤ Carnobacterium piscicola (Hiu et al. 1984) Collins et al. 1987.
Note: According to Collins et al. 1987, Lactobacillus carnis Shaw and Harding 1986 is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus piscicola Hiu et al. 1984 which is transfered to the genus ¤ Carnobacterium Collins et al. 1987 as ¤ Carnobacterium piscicola (Hiu et al. 1984) Collins et al. 1987.
Reference: COLLINS (M.D.), FARROW (J.A.E.), PHILLIPS (B.A.), FERUSU (S.) and JONES (D.): Classification of Lactobacillus divergens, Lactobacillus piscicola, and some catalase-negative, asporogenous, rod-shaped bacteria from poultry in a new genus, Carnobacterium. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1987, 37, 310-316.
Original article in IJSB Online
---> ¤ Carnobacterium maltaromaticum (Miller et al. 1974) Mora et al. 2003, comb. nov.
Note: According to Mora et al. 2003, ¤ Carnobacterium piscicola (Hiu et al. 1984) Collins et al. 1987 is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus maltaromicus Miller et al. 1974 (Approved Lists 1980) which is transfered to the genus ¤ Carnobacterium Collins et al. 1987 as ¤ Carnobacterium maltaromaticum (Miller et al. 1974) Mora et al. 2003.
Reference: MORA (D.), SCARPELLINI (M.), FRANZETTI (L.), COLOMBO (S.) and GALLI (A.): Reclassification of Lactobacillus maltaromicus (Miller et al. 1974) DSM 20342T and DSM 20344 and Carnobacterium piscicola (Collins et al. 1987) DSM 20730T and DSM 20722 as Carnobacterium maltaromaticum comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 675-678.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus casei (Orla-Jensen 1916) Hansen and Lessel 1971, species.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain Orla-Jensen 7 ("Streptobacterium casei") = Hucker03 = OrlandL-323 = Tittsler303 = ATCC 393 = BCRC (formerly CCRC) 10697 = CECT 475 = CIP 103137 = DSM 20011 = IAM 12473 = JCM 1134 = KCTC 3109 = LMG 6904 = NBRC (formerly IFO) 15883 = NCIMB 11970 (NCDO 161) = NRRL B-1922.
Synonyms: "Bacillus α" von Freudenreich 1890, "Bacillus α" von Freudenreich 1891, "Bacillus casei α" von Freudenreich and Thöni 1904, "Caseobacterium vulgare" Orla-Jensen 1916, "Bacterium casei α" Orla-Jensen 1916, "Streptobacterium casei" Orla-Jensen 1919, "Lactobacillus casei" Bergey et al. 1923, "Lactobacterium casei" (Orla-Jensen 1916) Krasil’nikov 1949.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [1 ORLA-JENSEN (S.): Maelkeri-Bakteriologi. Schønberske Forlag, Copenhagen, 1916. 2 HANSEN (P.A.) and LESSEL (E.F.): Lactobacillus casei (Orla Jensen) comb. nov. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1971, 21, 69-71.]
Note: See the file Some problems with Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus paracasei and Lactobacillus zeae.
    
Lactobacillus casei subsp. alactosus Mills and Lessel 1973, subspecies.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 27216 = JCM 1133 = LMG 9438.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [MILLS (C.K.) and LESSEL (E.F.): Designation and description of the type strain of Lactobacillus casei subsp. alactosus Rogosa et al. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1973, 23, 67-68.]
---> ¤ Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. paracasei Collins et al. 1989.
Reference: COLLINS (M.D.), PHILLIPS (B.A.) and ZANONI (P.): Deoxyribonucleic acid homology studies of Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus paracasei sp. nov., subsp. paracasei and subsp. tolerans, and Lactobacillus rhamnosus sp. nov., comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 105-108.
Original article in IJSB Online
Note: The type strain of Lactobacillus casei subsp. alactosus is transferred in the subspecies Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. paracasei. So, according to Rule 37a, the name Lactobacillus casei subsp. alactosus must be changed to Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. paracasei.
    
Lactobacillus casei subsp. casei (Orla-Jensen 1916) Hansen and Lessel 1971, subspecies.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 393 = BCRC (formerly CCRC) 10697 = CCUG 21451 = CECT 475 = CIP 103137 = DSM 20011 = IAM 12473 = IFO (now NBRC) 15883 = JCM 1134 = KCTC 3109 = LMG 6904 = NCIMB 11970 = NRRL B-1922.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [1 ORLA-JENSEN (S.): Maelkeri-Bakteriologi. Schønberske Forlag, Copenhagen, 1916. 2 HANSEN (P.A.) and LESSEL (E.F.): Lactobacillus casei (Orla Jensen) comb. nov. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1971, 21, 69-71.]
Notes:
1 See the file Some problems with Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus paracasei and Lactobacillus zeae.
2 If an author accepts the transfer of Lactobacillus casei subsp. alactosus Mills and Lessel 1973 (Approved Lists 1980) in the subspecies Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. paracasei Collins et al. 1989, and the transfer of Lactobacillus casei subsp. pseudoplantarum Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965 (Approved Lists 1980) in the subspecies Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. paracasei Collins et al. 1989, and the transfer of Lactobacillus casei subsp. tolerans Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965 (Approved Lists 1980) in the subspecies Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. tolerans (Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965) Collins et al. 1989, and the elevation of Lactobacillus casei subsp. rhamnosus Hansen 1968 to full species status, then Lactobacillus casei subsp. casei (Orla-Jensen 1916) Hansen and Lessel 1971 should thereafter be designated simply as Lactobacillus casei (Orla-Jensen 1916) Hansen and Lessel 1971 (Approved Lists 1980).
    
Lactobacillus casei subsp. pseudoplantarum Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965, subspecies.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 25598 = JCM 1181 = LMG 9192.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [ABO-ELNAGA (I.G.) and KANDLER (O.): Zur Taxonomie der Gattung Lactobacillus Beijerinck. I. Das Subgenus Streptobacterium Orla-Jensen. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II, 1965, 119, 1-36.]
---> ¤ Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. paracasei Collins et al. 1989.
Reference: COLLINS (M.D.), PHILLIPS (B.A.) and ZANONI (P.): Deoxyribonucleic acid homology studies of Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus paracasei sp. nov., subsp. paracasei and subsp. tolerans, and Lactobacillus rhamnosus sp. nov., comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 105-108.
Original article in IJSB Online
Note: The type strain of Lactobacillus casei subsp. pseudoplantarum is transferred in the subspecies Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. paracasei. So, according to Rule 37a, the name Lactobacillus casei subsp. pseudoplantarum must be changed to Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. paracasei.
    
Lactobacillus casei subsp. rhamnosus Hansen 1968, subspecies.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 7469 = CCUG 21452 = CIP A157 = DSM 20021 = IFO (now NBRC) 3425 = JCM 1136 = LMG 6400 = NCAIM B.01147 = NCCB 46033 = NCIMB 6375 (formerly NCDO 243) = NCTC 12953 = NRRL B-442 = VKM B-574.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [HANSEN (P.A.): Type strains of Lactobacillus species. A report by the Taxonomic Subcommittee on Lactobacilli and Closely Related Organisms. American Type Culture Collection, Rockville, Maryland, 1968, p 76.]
---> ¤ Lactobacillus rhamnosus (Hansen 1968) Collins et al. 1989, comb. nov.
    
Lactobacillus casei subsp. tolerans Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965, subspecies.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 25599 = CCUG 34829 = CIP 102994 = CIP 103024 = DSM 20258 = IFO (now NBRC) 15906 = JCM 1171 = LMG 9191 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 9709 (formerly NCDO 2742, NCFB 2774).
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [ABO-ELNAGA (I.G.) and KANDLER (O.): Zur Taxonomie der Gattung Lactobacillus Beijerinck. I. Das Subgenus Streptobacterium Orla-Jensen. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II, 1965, 119, 1-36.]
Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names and on the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names (Amended Edition), the page numbers of the effective publication are cited as 1-39.
---> ¤ Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. tolerans (Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965) Collins et al. 1989, comb. nov.
    
Lactobacillus catenaformis corrig. (Eggerth 1935) Moore and Holdeman 1970, species.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 25536 = CCUG 48174 = CIP 104817 = DSM 20559 = JCM 1121.
Synonyms: "Bacteroides catenaformis" Eggerth 1935, "Catenabacterium catenaforme" (Eggerth 1935) Prévot 1938.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [1 EGGERTH (A.H.): The gram-positive non-spore-bearing anaerobic bacilli of human feces. Journal of Bacteriology, 1935, 30, 277-299. 2 MOORE (W.E.C.) and HOLDEMAN (L.V.): Propionibacterium, Arachnia, Actinomyces, Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium. In: E.P. CATO, C.S. CUMMINS, L.V. HOLDEMAN, J.L. JOHNSON, W.E.C. MOORE, R.M. SMIBERT and L.D.S. SMITH (eds): Outline of Clinical Methods in Anaerobic Bacteriology, 2nd revision, Virginia Polytechnic Institute, Anaerobe Laboratory, Blacksburg, Virginia, 1970, pp. 15-22.]
Note: The original spelling of the specific epithet, catenaforme (sic), has been corrected by Hill et al. 1984.
Reference: HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511.
Original article in IJSB Online
    
Lactobacillus cellobiosus Rogosa et al. 1953, species.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 11739 = CIP 102981 = DSM 20055 = JCM 1137 = JCM 12530 = LMG 9846 = NRRL B-1840.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [ROGOSA (M.), WISEMAN (R.F.), MITCHELL (J.A.) and DISRAELY (M.N.): Species differentiation of oral lactobacilli from man including descriptions of Lactobacillus salivarius nov. spec. and Lactobacillus cellobiosus nov. spec. Journal of Bacteriology, 1953, 65, 681-699.]
Notes:
1 The CIP accession number of the type strain of Lactobacillus cellobiosus has been changed from CIP 105933 to CIP 102981.
Reference: CLERMONT (D.): Personal communication (April 10, 2002).
2 Because of high phenotypic similarities and complete DNA-DNA homology, Lactobacillus cellobiosus Rogosa et al. 1953 (Approved Lists 1980) was often regarded as a biovar of ¤ Lactobacillus fermentum Beijerinck 1901 (Approved Lists 1980). In May 2004, Dellaglio et al. proposed that ¤ Lactobacillus fermentum Beijerinck 1901 (Approved Lists 1980) be an earlier heterotypic synonym of Lactobacillus cellobiosus Rogosa et al. 1953 (Approved Lists 1980); Cf. infra.
References:
1 KANDLER (O.) and WEISS (N.): Genus Lactobacillus Beijerinck 1901, 212AL. In: P.H.A. SNEATH, N.S. MAIR, M.E. SHARPE and J.G. HOLT (eds.), Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, first edition, vol. 2, The Williams & Wilkins Co., Baltimore, 1986, pp. 1209-1234.
2 DELLAGLIO (F.), TORRIANI (S.) and FELIS (G.E.): Reclassification of Lactobacillus cellobiosus Rogosa et al. 1953 as a later synonym of Lactobacillus fermentum Beijerinck 1901. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 809-812.
Original article by Dellaglio et al. 2004 in IJSEM Online
---> ¤ Lactobacillus fermentum Beijerinck 1901 (Approved Lists 1980).
Note: According to Dellaglio et al. 2004, Lactobacillus cellobiosus Rogosa et al. 1953 (Approved Lists 1980) is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus fermentum Beijerinck 1901 (Approved Lists 1980).
Reference: DELLAGLIO (F.), TORRIANI (S.) and FELIS (G.E.): Reclassification of Lactobacillus cellobiosus Rogosa et al. 1953 as a later synonym of Lactobacillus fermentum Beijerinck 1901. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 809-812.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus ceti Vela et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain 142-2 = CCUG 53626 = CECT 7185.
GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ accession number for the 16S rRNA gene sequence of the type strain: AM292799.
Etymology: L. gen. n. ceti, of a whale.
Reference: VELA (A.I.), FERNANDEZ (A.), ESPINOSA DE LOS MONTEROS (A.), GOYACHE (J.), HERRAEZ (P.), TAMES (B.), CRUZ (F.), DOMÍNGUEZ (L.) and FERNÁNDEZ-GARAYZÁBAL (J.F.): Lactobacillus ceti sp. nov., isolated from beaked whales (Ziphius cavirostris). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 891-894.
Original article in IJSEM Online
More information (in French)
    
Lactobacillus coleohominis Nikolaitchouk et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain CCUG 44007 = CIP 106820 = DSM 14060 = JCM 11550.
Reference: NIKOLAITCHOUK (N.), WACHER (C.), FALSEN (E.), ANDERSCH (B.), COLLINS (M.D.) and LAWSON (P.A.): Lactobacillus coleohominis sp. nov., isolated from human sources. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 2081-2085.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus collinoides Carr and Davies 1972, species.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 27612 = CCUG 32259 = CIP 103008 = DSM 20515 = JCM 1123 = LMG 9194.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [CARR (J.G.) and DAVIES (P.A.): The ecology and classification of strains of Lactobacillus collinoides nov. spec.: A bacterium commonly found in fermenting apple juice. Journal of Applied Bacteriology, 1972, 35, 463-471.]
    
Lactobacillus composti Endo and Okada 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain DSM 18527 = JCM 14202 = NRIC 0689.
GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ accession number for the 16S rRNA gene sequence of the type strain: AB268118.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. composti, of compost, from which the type strain was isolated.
Reference: ENDO (A.) and OKADA (S.): Lactobacillus composti sp. nov., a lactic acid bacterium isolated from a compost of distilled shochu residue. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 870-872.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus concavus Tong and Dong 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain C-5-1 = AS 1.5017 = JCM 14153 = LMG 22739.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. concavus, curved, referring to the curved shape of the strains.
Reference: TONG (H.) and DONG (X.): Lactobacillus concavus sp. nov., isolated from the walls of a distilled spirit fermenting cellar in China. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 2199-2202.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus confusus (Holzapfel and Kandler 1969) Sharpe et al. 1972, species.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain TCC 10881 = ATCC 10881 = BCRC (formerly CCRC) 14002 = CCUG 30113 = CIP 103172 = CIP 54.169 = DSM 20196 = JCM 1093 = LMG 9497 = NCIMB 9311 (formerly NCDO 1586) = NRRL B-1064.
Synonym: "Lactobacillus coprophilus subsp. confusus" Holzapfel and Kandler 1969.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [1 HOLZAPFEL (W.) and KANDLER (O.): Zur Taxonomie der Gattung Lactobacillus Beijerinck. VI. Lactobacillus coprophilus subsp. confusus nov. subsp., eine neue Unterart der Untergattung Betabacterium. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. AbteilungII, 1969, 123, 657-666. 2 SHARPE (M.E.), GARVIE (E.I.) and TILBURY (R.): Some slime-forming heterofermentative species of the genus Lactobacillus. Applied Microbiology, 1972, 23, 389-397.]
---> ¤ Weissella confusa (Holzapfel and Kandler 1969) Collins et al. 1994, comb. nov.
    
Lactobacillus coryniformis Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965, species.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 25602 = CIP 103133 = DSM 20001 = CCUG 30666 = JCM 1164 = LMG 9196 = NRRL B-4391.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [ABO-ELNAGA (I.G.) and KANDLER (O.): Zur Taxonomie der Gattung Lactobacillus Beijerinck. I. Das Subgenus Streptobacterium Orla-Jensen. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II, 1965, 119, 1-36.]
    
Lactobacillus coryniformis subsp. coryniformis Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965, subspecies.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 25602 = CIP 103133 = DSM 20001 = CCUG 30666 = JCM 1164 = LMG 9196 = NRRL B-4391.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [ABO-ELNAGA (I.G.) and KANDLER (O.): Zur Taxonomie der Gattung Lactobacillus Beijerinck. I. Das Subgenus Streptobacterium Orla-Jensen. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II, 1965, 119, 1-36.]
    
Lactobacillus coryniformis subsp. torquens Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965, subspecies.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 25600 = CCUG 30667 = CIP 103134 = DSM 20004 = JCM 1166 = LMG 9197 = NRRL B-4390.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [ABO-ELNAGA (I.G.) and KANDLER (O.): Zur Taxonomie der Gattung Lactobacillus Beijerinck. I. Das Subgenus Streptobacterium Orla-Jensen. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II, 1965, 119, 1-36.]
    
Lactobacillus crispatus (Brygoo and Aladame 1953) Moore and Holdeman 1970, species.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 33820 = CCUG 30722 = CIP 102990 = CIPP II = DSM 20584 = JCM 1185 = LMG 9479 = VPI 3199.
Synonym: "Eubacterium crispatum" Brygoo and Aladame 1953.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [1 BRYGOO (E.R.) and ALADAME (N.): Étude d'une espèce nouvelle anaérobie stricte du genre Eubacterium: E. crispatum n. sp. Annales de l'Institut Pasteur (Paris), 1953, 84, 640-641. 2 MOORE (W.E.C.) and HOLDEMAN (L.V.): Propionibacterium, Arachnia, Actinomyces, Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium. In: E.P. CATO, C.S. CUMMINS, L.V. HOLDEMAN, J.L. JOHNSON, W.E.C. MOORE, R.M. SMIBERT and L.D.S. SMITH (eds): Outline of Clinical Methods in Anaerobic Bacteriology, 2nd revision, Virginia Polytechnic Institute, Anaerobe Laboratory, Blacksburg, Virginia, 1970, pp. 15-22.]
Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names and on the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names (Amended Edition), the page numbers of the paper by Cato et al. are cited as 15-21.
---> Lactobacillus crispatus (Brygoo and Aladame 1953) Moore and Holdeman 1970 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Cato et al. 1983.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 33820 = CCUG 30722 = CIP 102990 = CIPP II = DSM 20584 = JCM 1185 = LMG 9479 = VPI 3199.
Reference: CATO (E.P.), MOORE (W.E.C.) and JOHNSON (J.L.): Synonymy of strains of "Lactobacillus acidophilus" group A2 (Johnson et al. 1980) with the type strain of Lactobacillus crispatus (Brygoo and Aladame 1953) Moore and Holdeman 1970. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 426-428.
Original article in IJSB Online
    
Lactobacillus crustorum Scheirlinck et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain CCUG 53174 = LMG 23699.
GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ accession number for the 16S rRNA gene sequence of the type strain: AM285450.
Etymology: L. gen. pl. n. crustorum, of breads/cakes.
Reference: SCHEIRLINCK (I.), VAN DER MEULEN (R.), VAN SCHOOR (A.), HUYS (G.), VANDAMME (P.), DE VUYST (L.) and VANCANNEYT (M.): Lactobacillus crustorum sp. nov., isolated from two traditional Belgian wheat sourdoughs. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1461-1467.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus curvatus (Troili-Petersson 1903) Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965, species.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 25601 = CCUG 30669 = CIP 102992 = DSM 20019 = IFO (now NBRC) 15884 = JCM 1096 = LMG 9198 = LMG 13553 = NRRL B-4562.
Synonym: "Bacterium curvatum" Troili-Petersson 1903.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [1 TROILI-PETERSSON (G.): Studien über die Mikroorganismen des schwedischen güterkäses. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II, 1903, 11, 120-143. 2 ABO-ELNAGA (I.G.) and KANDLER (O.): Zur Taxonomie der Gattung Lactobacillus Beijerinck. I. Das Subgenus Streptobacterium Orla-Jensen. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II, 1965, 119, 1-36.]
---> Lactobacillus curvatus (Troili-Petersson 1903) Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Klein et al. 1996.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 25601 = CCUG 30669 = CIP 102992 = DSM 20019 = IFO (now NBRC) 15884 = JCM 1096 = LMG 9198 = LMG 13553 = NRRL B-4562.
Reference: KLEIN (G.), DICKS (L.M.T.), PACK (A.), HACK (B.), ZIMMERMANN (K.), DELLAGLIO (F.) and REUTER (G.): Emended descriptions of Lactobacillus sake (Katagiri, Kitahara, and Fukami) and Lactobacillus curvatus (Abo-Elnaga and Kandler): numerical classification revealed by protein fingerprinting and identification based on biochemical patterns and DNA-DNA hybridizations. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 367-376.
Original article in IJSB Online
Note: Subsequently, this species has been divided into subspecies (see: below).
    
Lactobacillus curvatus subsp. curvatus (Troili-Petersson 1903) Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965, subsp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 25601 = CCUG 30669 = CIP 102992 = DSM 20019 = IFO (now NBRC) 15884 = JCM 1096 = LMG 9198 = LMG 13553 = NRRL B-4562.
Reference: TORRIANI (S.), VAN REENEN (C.A.), KLEIN (G.), REUTER (G.), DELLAGLIO (F.) and DICKS (L.M.T.): Lactobacillus curvatus subsp. curvatus subsp. nov. and Lactobacillus curvatus subsp. melibiosus subsp. nov. and Lactobacillus sake subsp. sake subsp. nov. and Lactobacillus sake subsp. carnosus subsp. nov., new subspecies of Lactobacillus curvatus Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965 and Lactobacillus sake Katagiri, Kitahara, and Fukami 1934 (Klein et al. 1996, emended descriptions), respectively. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 1158-1163.
Original article in IJSEM Online
Notes:
1 The subspecies name Lactobacillus curvatus subsp. curvatus (Troili-Petersson 1903) Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965 is automatically created by the valid publication of Lactobacillus curvatus subsp. melibiosus Torriani et al. 1996 [Rule 40d (formerly Rule 46)].
2 In the paper by Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965, the type strain is erroneously cited as ATCC 15601 (sic).
3 If an author accepts that ¤ Lactobacillus curvatus subsp. melibiosus Torriani et al. 1996 is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus sakei subsp. carnosus corrig. Torriani et al. 1996, then Lactobacillus curvatus subsp. curvatus (Troili-Petersson 1903) Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965 should thereafter be designated simply as ¤ Lactobacillus curvatus (Troili-Petersson 1903) Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965 (Approved Lists 1980).
    
Lactobacillus curvatus subsp. melibiosus Torriani et al. 1996, subsp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain R 60 = CCUG 34545 = CCUG 41580.
Reference: TORRIANI (S.), VAN REENEN (C.A.), KLEIN (G.), REUTER (G.), DELLAGLIO (F.) and DICKS (L.M.T.): Lactobacillus curvatus subsp. curvatus subsp. nov. and Lactobacillus curvatus subsp. melibiosus subsp. nov. and Lactobacillus sake subsp. sake subsp. nov. and Lactobacillus sake subsp. carnosus subsp. nov., new subspecies of Lactobacillus curvatus Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965 and Lactobacillus sake Katagiri, Kitahara, and Fukami 1934 (Klein et al. 1996, emended descriptions), respectively. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 1158-1163.
Original article in IJSEM Online
---> ¤ Lactobacillus sakei subsp. carnosus corrig. Torriani et al. 1996.
Note: According to Koort et al. 2004, Lactobacillus curvatus subsp. melibiosus Torriani et al. 1996 is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus sakei subsp. carnosus corrig. Torriani et al. 1996.
Reference: KOORT (J.), VANDAMME (P.), SCHILLINGER (U.), HOLZAPFEL (W.) and BJÖRKROTH (J.): Lactobacillus curvatus subsp. melibiosus is a later synonym of Lactobacillus sakei subsp. carnosus. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 1621-1626.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus cypricasei Lawson et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain LMK3 = ATCC BAA-288 = CCUG 42961 = CIP 106393 = DSM 15353 = JCM 11551 = NBRC 102164.
Reference: LAWSON (P.A.), PAPADEMAS (P.), WACHER (C.), FALSEN (E.), ROBINSON (R.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Lactobacillus cypricasei sp. nov., isolated from Halloumi cheese. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 45-49.
Original article in IJSEM Online
---> ¤ Lactobacillus acidipiscis Tanasupawat et al. 2000.
Note: According to Naser et al. 2006, Lactobacillus cypricasei Lawson et al. 2001 is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus acidipiscis Tanasupawat et al. 2000.
Reference: NASER (S.M.), VANCANNEYT (M.), HOSTE (B.), SNAUWAERT (C.) and SWINGS (J.): Lactobacillus cypricasei Lawson et al. 2001 is a later heterotypic synonym of Lactobacillus acidipiscis Tanasupawat et al. 2000. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1681-1683.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus delbrueckii (Leichmann 1896) Beijerinck 1901, species. (Type species of the genus).
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 9649 = CCUG 34222 = CIP 57.8 = DSM 20074 = IFO (now NBRC) 3202 = JCM 1012 = LMG 6412 = NCIMB 8130 (formerly NCDO 213) = NRRL B-763 = VKM B-1596.
Synonyms: "Bacillus Delbrücki" (sic) Leichmann 1896, "Bacillus acidificans longissimus" Lafar 1896, "Bacterium delbrücki" (sic) (Leichmann 1896) Migula 1900, "Lactobacillus delbrücki" (sic) (Leichmann 1896) Beijerinck 1901, "Thermobacterium cereale" Orla-Jensen 1919, "Lactobacterium delbrücki" (sic) (Leichmann 1896) van Steenberge 1920, "Ulvina delbrücki" (sic) (Leichmann 1896) Pribram 1933, "Plocamobacterium delbrücki" (sic) (Leichmann 1896) Pribram 1933.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [1 LEICHMANN (G.): Über die im Brennereiprozess bei der Bereitung der Kunsthefe auftretende spontane Milchsäuregärung. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II, 1896, 2, 281-285. 2 BEIJERINCK (M.W.): Sur les ferments lactiques de l'industrie. Archives Néerlandaises des Sciences Exactes et Naturelles (Section 2), 1901, 6, 212-243.]
Notes:
1 In the judicial Opinion 38, this name is cited as Lactobacillus delbrueckii Beijerinck 1901.
Reference: LAPAGE (S.P.), SNEATH (P.H.A.), LESSEL (E.F.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.), SEELIGER (H.P.R.) and CLARK (W.A.): International code of nomenclature of bacteria (1990 revision), American Society for Microbiology, Washington, D.C., 1992, p. 103.
2 Subsequently, this species has been divided into subspecies (see: below).
    
Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus (Orla-Jensen 1919) Weiss et al. 1984, comb. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 11842 = CCUG 41390 = CIP 101027 = DSM 20081 = IFO (now NBRC) 13953 = JCM 1002 = LMG 6901 = LMG 13551 = NCTC 12712 = VKM B-1923.
Basonym: ¤ Lactobacillus bulgaricus (Orla-Jensen 1919) Rogosa and Hansen 1971 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonym: "Thermobacterium bulgaricum" Orla-Jensen 1919.
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 14. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 270-271. [WEISS (N.), SCHILLINGER (U.) and KANDLER (O.): Lactobacillus lactis, Lactobacillus leichmannii and Lactobacillus bulgaricus subjective synonyms of Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. lactis comb. nov. and Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus comb. nov. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1983, 4, 552-557.]
Validation List N° 14 in IJSB Online
    
Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. delbrueckii (Leichmann 1896) Beijerinck 1901, subsp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 9649 = CCUG 34222 = CIP 57.8 = DSM 20074 = IFO (now NBRC) 3202 = JCM 1012 = LMG 6412 = NCIMB 8130 (formerly NCDO 213) = NRRL B-763 = VKM B-1596.
Reference: HOWEY (R.T.), LOCK (C.M.) and MOORE (L.V.H.): Subspecies names automatically created by Rule 46. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 317-319.
Original article in IJSB Online
Note: The subspecies name Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. delbrueckii (Leichmann 1896) Beijerinck 1901 is automatically created by the valid publication of Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus (Orla-Jensen 1919) Weiss et al. 1984 and the valid publication of Lactobacillus delbruckii subsp. lactis (Orla-Jensen 1919) Weiss et al. 1984 [Rule 40d (formerly Rule 46)].
    
Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. indicus Dellaglio et al. 2005, subsp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain NCC725 = CCUG 51390 = DSM 15996 = LMG 22083.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. indicus, of India, Indian.
Reference: DELLAGLIO (F.), FELIS (G.E.), CASTIONI (A.), TORRIANI (S.) and GERMOND (J.E.): Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. indicus subsp. nov., isolated from Indian dairy products. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 401-404.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. lactis (Orla-Jensen 1919) Weiss et al. 1984, comb. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 12315 = CCUG 31454 = CIP 101028 = DSM 20072 = JCM 1248 = LMG 7942 = NBRC 102622 = NRRL B-4525.
Basonym: ¤ Lactobacillus lactis (Orla-Jensen 1919) Bergey et al. 1934 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonyms: "Bacillus lactis acidi" Leichmann 1896, "Bacterium lactis acidi" (Leichmann 1896) Leichmann 1896, "Thermobacterium lactis" Orla-Jensen 1919, "Lactobacillus lactis-acidi" (Leichmann 1896) Bergey et al. 1923, "Lactobacterium caucasicum var. lactis" (Orla-Jensen 1919) Krasil’nikov 1949.
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 14. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 270-271. [WEISS (N.), SCHILLINGER (U.) and KANDLER (O.): Lactobacillus lactis, Lactobacillus leichmannii and Lactobacillus bulgaricus subjective synonyms of Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. lactis comb. nov. and Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus comb. nov. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1983, 4, 552-557.]
Validation List N° 14 in IJSB Online
Note: According to Weiss et al. 1983, Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. lactis (Orla-Jensen 1919) Weiss et al. 1984 and ¤ Lactobacillus leichmannii (Henneberg 1903) Bergey et al. 1923 (Approved Lists 1980) are heterotypic synonyms.
Reference: WEISS (N.), SCHILLINGER (U.) and KANDLER (O.): Lactobacillus lactis, Lactobacillus leichmannii and Lactobacillus bulgaricus subjective synonyms of Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. lactis comb. nov. and Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus comb. nov. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1983, 4, 552-557.
    
Lactobacillus diolivorans Krooneman et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain JKD6 = DSM 14421 = JCM 12183 = LMG 19667.
Reference: KROONEMAN (J.), FABER (F.), ALDERKAMP (A.C.), OUDE ELFERINK (S.J.H.W.), DRIEHUIS (F.), CLEENWERCK (I.), SWINGS (J.), GOTTSCHAL (J.C.) and VANCANNEYT (M.): Lactobacillus diolivorans sp. nov., a 1,2-propanediol-degrading bacterium isolated from aerobically stable maize silage. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 639–646.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus divergens Holzapfel and Gerber 1984, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain 66 = ATCC 35677 = CCUG 30094 = CIP 101029 = DSM 20623 = IFO (now NBRC) 15683 = JCM 5816 = JCM 9133 = LMG 9199 = NCIMB 11952 (formerly NCDO 2763).
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 14. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 270-271. [HOLZAPFEL (W.H.) and GERBER (E.S.): Lactobacillus divergens sp. nov., a new heterofermentative Lactobacillus species producing L(+)-lactate. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1983, 4, 522-534.]
Validation List N° 14 in IJSB Online
---> ¤ Carnobacterium divergens (Holzapfel and Gerber 1984) Collins et al. 1987, comb. nov.
    
Lactobacillus durianis Leisner et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain CCUG 45405 = JCM 12184 = LMG 19193.
Reference: LEISNER (J.J.), VANCANNEYT (M.), LEFEBVRE (K.), VANDEMEULEBROECKE (K.), HOSTE (B.), EURAS VILALTA (N.), RUSUL (G.) and SWINGS (J.): Lactobacillus durianis sp. nov., isolated from an acid-fermented condiment (tempoyak) in Malaysia. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 927-931.
Original article in IJSEM Online
Note: The specific epithet is a "N.L. gen. n.", not a "N.L. adj." as cited by Leisner et al. 2002.
---> ¤ Lactobacillus vaccinostercus Kozaki and Okada 1983.
Note: According to Dellaglio et al. 2006, Lactobacillus durianis Leisner et al. 2002 is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus vaccinostercus Kozaki and Okada 1983.
Reference: DELLAGLIO (F.), VANCANNEYT (M.), ENDO (A.), VANDAMME (P.), FELIS (G.E.), CASTIONI (A.), FUJIMOTO (J.), WATANABE (K.) and OKADA (S.): Lactobacillus durianis Leisner et al. 2002 is a later heterotypic synonym of Lactobacillus vaccinostercus Kozaki and Okada 1983. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1721-1724.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus equi Morotomi et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain YIT 0455 = ATCC BAA-261 = CCUG 47129 = JCM 10991.
Reference: MOROTOMI (M.), YUKI (N.), KADO (Y.), KUSHIRO (A.), SHIMAZAKI (T.), WATANABE (K.) and YUYAMA (T.): Lactobacillus equi sp. nov., a predominant intestinal Lactobacillus species of the horse isolated from faeces of healthy horses. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 211-214.
Original article in IJSEM Online
More information (in French)
    
Lactobacillus equigenerosi Endo et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain DSM 18793 = JCM 14505 = NRIC 0697.
GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ accession number for the 16S rRNA gene sequence of the type strain: AB288050.
Etymology: L. n. equus, a horse; L. adj. generosus, of noble birth, well-bred; N.L. gen. n. equigenerosi, of a thoroughbred horse.
Reference: ENDO (A.), ROOS (S.), SATOH (E.), MORITA (H.) and OKADA (S.): Lactobacillus equigenerosi sp. nov., a coccoid species isolated from faeces of thoroughbred racehorses. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 914-918.
Original article in IJSEM Online
More information (in French)
    
Lactobacillus farraginis Endo and Okada 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain DSM 18382 = JCM 14108 = NRIC 0676.
GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ accession number for the 16S rRNA gene sequence of the type strain: AB262731.
Etymology: L. gen. n. farraginis, of mash, pertaining to shochu mash, an ingredient of a compost material from which the type strain was isolated.
Reference: ENDO (A.) and OKADA (S.): Lactobacillus farraginis sp. nov. and Lactobacillus parafarraginis sp. nov., heterofermentative lactobacilli isolated from a compost of distilled shochu residue. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 708-712.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus farciminis (ex Reuter 1970) Reuter 1983, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 29644 = DSM 20184 = CCUG 30671 = CIP 103136 = JCM 1097 = LMG 9200 = NRRL B-4566.
Synonym: "Lactobacillus farciminis" Reuter 1970.
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 11. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 672-674. [REUTER (G.): Lactobacillus alimentarius sp. nov., nom. rev. and Lactobacillus farciminis sp. nov., nom. rev. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1983, 4, 277-279.]
Validation List N° 11 in IJSB Online
    
Lactobacillus ferintoshensis Simpson et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain R7-84 = CIP 106749 = JCM 12511.
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 86. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1075-1076. [SIMPSON (K.L.), PETTERSSON (B.) and PRIEST (F.G.): Characterization of lactobacilli from Scotch malt whisky distilleries and description of Lactobacillus ferintoshensis sp. nov., a new species isolated from malt whisky fermentations. Microbiology, 2001, 147, 1007-1016.]
Validation List N° 86 in IJSEM Online (PDF Format)
Note: According to Rules 27(3) and 30, this name is not validly published, because the original publication makes reference to the deposit of the type strain in a single recognized culture collection. However, according to the Judicial Opinion 81, Lactobacillus ferintoshensis Simpson et al. 2002 is considered to be validly published, since deposit in a second culture collection in a different country has been documented.
References:
1 EUZÉBY (J.P.) and TINDALL (B.J.): Status of strains that contravene Rules 27(3) and 30 of the Bacteriological Code. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 293-301.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATICS OF PROKARYOTES: Status of strains that contravene Rules 27 (3) and 30 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria. Opinion 81. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1755-1763.
Opinion 81 in IJSEM Online
---> ¤ Lactobacillus parabuchneri Farrow et al. 1989.
Note: According to Vancanneyt et al. 2005, Lactobacillus ferintoshensis Simpson et al. 2002, is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus parabuchneri Farrow et al. 1989.
Reference: VANCANNEYT (M.), ENGELBEEN (K.), DE WACHTER (M.), VANDEMEULEBROECKE (K.), CLEENWERCK (I.) and SWINGS (J.): Reclassification of Lactobacillus ferintoshensis as a later heterotypic synonym of Lactobacillus parabuchneri. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 2195-2198.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus fermentum Beijerinck 1901, species.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 14931 = CCUG 30138 = CIP 102980 = DSM 20052 = IFO (now NBRC) 15885 = JCM 1173 = LMG 6902 = NCCB 46038 = NCIMB 11840 (formerly NCDO 1750) = NRRL B-4524.
Synonyms: "Bacillus δ" von Freudenreich 1895, "Bacillus casei δ" von Freudenreich and Thöni 1904, "Lactobacterium fermentum" (Beijerinck 1901) van Steenberge 1920.
Etymology: L. neut. n. fermentum (nominative in apposition), that which causes fermentation, leaven, ferment.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [BEIJERINCK (M.W.): Sur les ferments lactiques de l'industrie. Archives Néerlandaises des Sciences Exactes et Naturelles (Section 2), 1901, 6, 212-243.]
Note: Because of high phenotypic similarities and complete DNA-DNA homology, ¤ Lactobacillus cellobiosus Rogosa et al. 1953 (Approved Lists 1980) was often regarded as a biovar of Lactobacillus fermentum Beijerinck 1901 (Approved Lists 1980). In May 2004, Dellaglio et al. proposed that Lactobacillus fermentum Beijerinck 1901 (Approved Lists 1980) be an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus cellobiosus Rogosa et al. 1953 (Approved Lists 1980); Cf. infra.
References:
1 KANDLER (O.) and WEISS (N.): Genus Lactobacillus Beijerinck 1901, 212AL. In: P.H.A. SNEATH, N.S. MAIR, M.E. SHARPE and J.G. HOLT (eds.), Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, first edition, vol. 2, The Williams & Wilkins Co., Baltimore, 1986, pp. 1209-1234.
2 DELLAGLIO (F.), TORRIANI (S.) and FELIS (G.E.): Reclassification of Lactobacillus cellobiosus Rogosa et al. 1953 as a later synonym of Lactobacillus fermentum Beijerinck 1901. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 809-812.
Original article by Dellaglio et al. 2004 in IJSEM Online
---> Lactobacillus fermentum Beijerinck 1901 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Dellaglio et al. 2004.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 14931 = CCUG 30138 = CIP 102980 = DSM 20052 = IFO (now NBRC) 15885 = JCM 1173 = LMG 6902 = NCCB 46038 = NCIMB 11840 (formerly NCDO 1750) = NRRL B-4524.
Synonyms: "Bacillus δ" von Freudenreich 1895, "Bacillus casei δ" von Freudenreich and Thöni 1904, "Lactobacterium fermentum" (Beijerinck 1901) van Steenberge 1920.
Etymology: L. neut. n. fermentum (nominative in apposition), that which causes fermentation, leaven, ferment.
Reference: DELLAGLIO (F.), TORRIANI (S.) and FELIS (G.E.): Reclassification of Lactobacillus cellobiosus Rogosa et al. 1953 as a later synonym of Lactobacillus fermentum Beijerinck 1901. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 809-812.
Original article in IJSEM Online
Notes:
1 In the paper by Dellaglio et al. 2004, the type strain NCIMB 11840 is cited as NCDO 1750 (sic).
2 According to Dellaglio et al. 2004, Lactobacillus fermentum Beijerinck 1901 (Approved Lists 1980) is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus cellobiosus Rogosa et al. 1953 (Approved Lists 1980).
Reference: DELLAGLIO (F.), TORRIANI (S.) and FELIS (G.E.): Reclassification of Lactobacillus cellobiosus Rogosa et al. 1953 as a later synonym of Lactobacillus fermentum Beijerinck 1901. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 809-812.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus fornicalis Dicks et al. 2000, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain TV 1018 = ATCC 700934 = CCUG 43621 = CIP 106679 = DSM 13171 = JCM 12512.
Reference: DICKS (L.M.T.), SILVESTER (M.), LAWSON (P.A.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Lactobacillus fornicalis sp. nov., isolated from the posterior fornix of the human vagina. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1253-1258.
Original article in IJSEM Online
Note: According to the CCUG, the type strain ATCC 700934 = CCUG 43621 = CIP 106679 = DSM 13171 does not fit the sequence published in the Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1253-1258.
Reference: Culture Collection, University of Göteborg (CCUG).
    
Lactobacillus fructivorans Charlton et al. 1934, species.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 8288 = CCUG 32260 = CIP 103042 = DSM 20203 = IFO (now NBRC) 13954 = JCM 1117 = LMG 9201 = NRRL B-1841.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [CHARLTON (D.B.), NELSON (M.E.) and WERKMAN (C.H.): Physiology of Lactobacillus fructivorans sp. nov. isolated from spoiled salad dressing. Iowa State Journal of Science, 1934, 9, 1-11.]
Note: According to Weiss et al. 1983, Lactobacillus fructivorans Charlton et al. 1934 (Approved Lists 1980) is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus heterohiochii Kitahara et al. 1957 (Approved Lists 1980), and an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus trichodes Fornachon et al. 1949 (Approved Lists 1980).
Reference: WEISS (N.), SCHILLINGER (U.) and KANDLER (O.): Lactobacillus trichodes, and Lactobacillus heterohiochii, subjective synonyms of Lactobacillus fructivorans. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1983, 4, 507-511.
    
Lactobacillus fructosus Kodama 1956, species.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 13162 = CCUG 32246 = CIP 102985 = DSM 20349 = IFO (now NBRC) 3516 = JCM 1119 = LMG 9498 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 10784 = NRIC 1058 = NRRL B-2041.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [KODAMA (R.): Studies on the nutrition of lactic acid bacteria. Part I. Lactobacillus fructosus nov. sp., a new species of lactic acid bacteria. Journal of the Agricultural Chemical Society of Japan, 1956, 30, 705-708.]
---> ¤ Leuconostoc fructosum (Kodama 1956) Antunes et al. 2002, comb. nov.
---> ¤ Fructobacillus fructosus (Kodama 1956) Endo and Okada 2008, comb. nov.
    
Lactobacillus frumenti Müller et al. 2000, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain TMW 1.666 = CIP 106922 = DSM 13145 = JCM 11122 = LMG 19473.
Reference: MÜLLER (M.R.A.), EHRMANN (M.A.) and VOGEL (R.F.): Lactobacillus frumenti sp. nov., a new lactic acid bacterium isolated from rye-bran fermentations with a long fermentation period. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2000, 50, 2127-2133.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus fuchuensis Sakala et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain B5M10 = CCUG 47133 = DSM 14340 = JCM 11249.
Reference: SAKALA (R.M.), KATO (Y.), HAYASHIDANI (H.), MURAKAMI (M.), KANEUCHI (C.) and OGAWA (M.): Lactobacillus fuchuensis sp. nov., isolated from vacuum-packaged refrigerated beef. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1151-1154.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus gallinarum Fujisawa et al. 1992, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 33199 = CCUG 30724 = CIP 103611 = DSM 10532 = JCM 2011 = LMG 9435 = VPI 1294.
Reference: FUJISAWA (T.), BENNO (Y.), YAESHIMA (T.) and MITSUOKA (T.): Taxonomic study of the Lactobacillus acidophilus group, with recognition of Lactobacillus gallinarum sp. nov. and Lactobacillus johnsonii sp. nov. and synonymy of Lactobacillus acidophilus group A3 (Johnson et al. 1980) with the type strain of Lactobacillus amylovorus (Nakamura 1981). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1992, 42, 487-491.
Original article in IJSB Online
    
Lactobacillus gasseri Lauer and Kandler 1980, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain 63 AM of Gasser = ATCC 33323 = CCUG 31451 = CIP 102991 = DSM 20243 = JCM 1131 = LMG 9203 = NRRL B-14168 = NRRL B-4240.
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 4. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 601. [LAUER (E.) and KANDLER (O.): Lactobacillus gasseri sp. nov., a new species of the subgenus Thermobacterium. Zentralbl. Bakteriol. Parasitenkd. Infektionskr. Hyg. Abt. 1 Orig. Reihe C, 1980, 1, 75-78.]
Validation List N° 4 in IJSB Online
    
Lactobacillus gastricus Roos et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain Kx156A7 = CCUG 48454 = DSM 16045 = LMG 22113.
GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ accession number for the 16S rRNA gene sequence of the type strain: AY253658.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. gastricus, of the stomach.
Reference: ROOS (S.), ENGSTRAND (L.) and JONSSON (H.): Lactobacillus gastricus sp. nov., Lactobacillus antri sp. nov., Lactobacillus kalixensis sp. nov. and Lactobacillus ultunensis sp. nov., isolated from human stomach mucosa. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 77-82.
Original article in IJSEM Online
---> Lactobacillus gastricus Roos et al. 2005 emend. Endo et al. 2008.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain Kx156A7 = CCUG 48454 = DSM 16045 = LMG 22113.
GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ accession number for the 16S rRNA gene sequence of the type strain: AY253658.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. gastricus, of the stomach.
Reference: ENDO (A.), ROOS (S.), SATOH (E.), MORITA (H.) and OKADA (S.): Lactobacillus equigenerosi sp. nov., a coccoid species isolated from faeces of thoroughbred racehorses. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 914-918.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus ghanensis Nielsen et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain L489 = CCUG 53453 = DSM 18630.
GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ accession number for the 16S rRNA gene sequence of the type strain: DQ523489.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. ghanensis, pertaining to Ghana, where the micro-organism was first isolated.
Reference: NIELSEN (D.S.), SCHILLINGER (U.), FRANZ (C.M.A.P.), BRESCIANI (J.), AMOA-AWUA (W.), HOLZAPFEL (W.H.) and JAKOBSEN (M.): Lactobacillus ghanensis sp. nov., a motile lactic acid bacterium isolated from Ghanaian cocoa fermentations. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1468-1472.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus graminis Beck et al. 1989, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain G90 (1) = ATCC 51150 = CCUG 32238 = CIP 105164 = DSM 20719 = JCM 9503 = LMG 9825 = NRRL B-14857.
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 28. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 93-94. [BECK (R.), WEISS (N.) and WINTER (J.): Lactobacillus graminis sp. nov., a new species of facultatively heterofermentative lactobacilli surviving at low pH in grass silage. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1988, 10, 279-283.]
Validation List N° 28 in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus halotolerans (ex Reuter 1970) Kandler et al. 1983, nom. rev., comb. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain R61 = ATCC 35410 = BCRC (formerly CCRC) 14050 = CCUG 33457 = CECT 573 = CIP 103005 = DSM 20190 = JCM 1114 = LMG 9469 = NRIC 1627.
Synonym: "Lactobacillus viridescens subsp. halotolerans" Reuter 1970.
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 11. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 672-674. [KANDLER (O.), SCHILLINGER (U.) and WEISS (N.): Lactobacillus halotolerans sp. nov. nom. rev. and Lactobacillus minor sp. nov., nom. rev. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1983, 4, 280-285.]
Validation List N° 11 in IJSB Online
---> ¤ Weissella halotolerans (Kandler et al. 1983) Collins et al. 1994, comb. nov.
    
Lactobacillus hammesii Valcheva et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain LP38 = TMW 1.1236 = CCUG 51325 = CIP 108387 = DSM 16381.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. hammesii, of Hammes, in honour of Walter P. Hammes, a German scientist who contributed to the microbiological and technological development of wheat and rye sourdough research.
Reference: VALCHEVA (R.), KORAKLI (M.), ONNO (B.), PRÉVOST (H.), IVANOVA (I.), EHRMANN (M.A.), DOUSSET (X.), GÄNZLE (M.G.) and VOGEL (R.F.): Lactobacillus hammesii sp. nov., isolated from French sourdough. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 763-767.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus hamsteri Mitsuoka and Fujisawa 1988, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain Ha5F1 = ATCC 43851 = CCUG 30726 = CIP 103365 = DSM 5661 = JCM 6256 = LMG 10754.
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 25. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 220-222. [MITSUOKA (T.) and FUJISAWA (T.): Lactobacillus hamsteri, a new species from the intestine of hamsters. Proc. Jpn. Acad. Ser. B Phys. Biol. Sci., 1987, 63, 269-272.]
Validation List N° 25 in IJSB Online
    
Lactobacillus harbinensis Miyamoto et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain AHU 1762 = DSM 16991 = NBRC 100982 = SBT 10908.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. harbinensis, pertaining to Harbin, a city in northeastern China where traditional fermented vegetables are prepared and consumed.
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 107. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1-6. [MIYAMOTO (M.), SETO (Y.), HAO (D.H.), TESHIMA (T.), SUN (Y.B.), KABUKI (T.), YAO (L.B.) and NAKAJIMA (H.): Lactobacillus harbinensis sp. nov., consisted of strains isolated from traditional fermented vegetables ‘Suan cai’ in Harbin, Northeastern China and Lactobacillus perolens DSM 12745. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2005, 28, 688-694.]
Validation List N° 107 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online
Note: The culture collection accession number NBRC 100982 has been provided on request for validation.
Reference: LISTS EDITOR, IJSEM: Validation list n° 107 (footnote ††). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1-6.
Validation List N° 107 in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus hayakitensis Morita et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain KBL13 = DSM 18933 = JCM 14209.
GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ accession number for the 16S rRNA gene sequence of the type strain: AB267406.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. hayakitensis, of Hayakita, which is the name of the area where the bacterium was originally isolated.
Reference: MORITA (H.), SHIRATORI (C.), MURAKAMI (M.), TAKAMI (H.), KATO (Y.), ENDO (A.), NAKAJIMA (F.), TAKAGI (M.), AKITA (H.), OKADA (S.) and MASAOKA (T.): Lactobacillus hayakitensis sp. nov., isolated from intestines of healthy thoroughbreds. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 2836-2839.
Original article in IJSEM Online
More information (in French)
    
Lactobacillus helveticus (Orla-Jensen 1919) Bergey et al. 1925, species.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 15009 = CCUG 30139 = CIP 103146 = DSM 20075 = IFO (now NBRC) 15019 = JCM 1120 = LMG 6413 = LMG 13555 = NRRL B-4526.
Synonyms: "Bacillus ε" von Freudenreich 1895, "Bacillus casei ε" von Freudenreich and Thöni 1904, "Caseobacterium ε" Orla-Jensen 1909, "Thermobacterium helveticum" Orla-Jensen 1919, "Lactobacillus helveticum" (sic) (Orla-Jensen 1919) Bergey et al. 1925, "Plocamobacterium helveticum" (Orla-Jensen 1919) Pribram 1933, "Lactobacterium helveticum" (Orla-Jensen 1919) Krasil’nikov 1949.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [1 ORLA-JENSEN (S.) (ed.): The lactic acid bacteria. Høst, Copenhagen, 1919, pp. 1-196. 2 BERGEY (D.H.), HARRISON (F.C.), BREED (R.S.), HAMMER (B.W.) and HUNTOON (F.M.) (eds): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 2nd ed., The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1925, pp. 1-462.]
Note: According to Naser et al. 2006, Lactobacillus helveticus (Orla-Jensen 1919) Bergey et al. 1925 (Approved Lists 1980) is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus suntoryeus Cachat and Priest 2005.
Reference: NASER (S.M.), HAGEN (K.E.), VANCANNEYT (M.), CLEENWERCK (I.), SWINGS (J.) and TOMPKINS (T.A.): Lactobacillus suntoryeus Cachat and Priest 2005 is a later synonym of Lactobacillus helveticus (Orla-Jensen 1919) Bergey et al. 1925 (Approved Lists 1980). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 355-360.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus heterohiochii Kitahara et al. 1957, species.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 15435 = IAM H1.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [KITAHARA (K.), KANEKO (T.) and GOTO (O.): Taxonomic studies on the hiochi-bacteria, specific saprophytes of sake. II. Identification and classification of hiochi-bacteria. Journal of General and Applied Microbiology, 1957, 3, 111-120.]
---> ¤ Lactobacillus fructivorans Charlton et al. 1934 (Approved Lists 1980).
Note: According to Weiss et al. 1983, Lactobacillus heterohiochii Kitahara et al. 1957 (Approved Lists 1980) is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus fructivorans Charlton et al. 1934 (Approved Lists 1980).
Reference: WEISS (N.), SCHILLINGER (U.) and KANDLER (O.): Lactobacillus trichodes, and Lactobacillus heterohiochii, subjective synonyms of Lactobacillus fructivorans. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1983, 4, 507-511.
    
Lactobacillus hilgardii Douglas and Cruess 1936, species.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 8290 = CCUG 30140 = CIP 103007 = DSM 20176 = IFO (now NBRC) 15886 = JCM 1155 = LMG 6895 = NRRL B-1843.
Synonym: "Lactobacillus Type II" Fornachon 1943.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [DOUGLAS (H.C.) and CRUESS (W.V.): A Lactobacillus from California wine: Lactobacillus hilgardii. Food Research, 1936, 1, 113-119.]
    
Lactobacillus homohiochii Kitahara et al. 1957, species.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 15434 = CCUG 32247 = CIP 103141 = DSM 20571 = IFO (now NBRC) 15887 = JCM 1199 = JCM 7793 = LMG 9478 = NRRL B-4559.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [KITAHARA (K.), KANEKO (T.) and GOTO (O.): Taxonomic studies on the hiochi-bacteria, specific saprophytes of sake. II. Identification and classification of hiochi-bacteria. Journal of General and Applied Microbiology, 1957, 3, 111-120.]
    
Lactobacillus hordei Rouse et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain UCC128 = DSM 19519 = LMG 24241.
GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ accession number for the 16S rRNA gene sequence of the type strain: EU074850.
Etymology: L. gen. neut. n. hordei, of/from barley.
Reference: ROUSE (S.), CANCHAYA (C.) and VAN SINDEREN (D.): Lactobacillus hordei sp. nov., a bacteriocinogenic strain isolated from malted barley. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 2013-2017.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus iners Falsen et al. 1999, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain CCUG 28746 = CIP 105923 = DSM 13335 = JCM 12513 = LMG 18914.
Reference: FALSEN (E.), PASCUAL (C.), SJÖDÉN (B.), OHLÉN (M.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Phenotypic and phylogenetic characterization of a novel Lactobacillus species from human sources: description of Lactobacillus iners sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 217-221.
Original article in IJSEM Online
Note: Lactobacillus iners Falsen et al. 1999 was previously known as Lactobacillus sp. EF (Enevold Falsen) group 47.
    
Lactobacillus ingluviei Baele et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain KR3 = CCUG 45722 = JCM 12531 = LMG 20380.
Etymology: L. n. ingluvies, crop sac; L. gen. n. ingluviei, of a crop sac.
Reference: BAELE (M.), VANCANNEYT (M.), DEVRIESE (L.A.), LEFEBVRE (K.), SWINGS (J.) and HAESEBROUCK (F.): Lactobacillus ingluviei sp. nov., isolated from the intestinal tract of pigeons. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 133-136.
Original article in IJSEM Online
Note: According to Felis et al. 2006, Lactobacillus ingluviei Baele et al. 2003 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus thermotolerans Niamsup et al. 2003. The descriptions of these two taxa are very similar and, according to Felis et al. 2006, it is not necessary to consider an emended description of Lactobacillus ingluviei Baele et al. 2003.
Reference: FELIS (G.E.), VANCANNEYT (M.), SNAUWAERT (C.), SWINGS (J.), TORRIANI (S.), CASTIONI (A.) and DELLAGLIO (F.): Reclassification of Lactobacillus thermotolerans Niamsup et al. 2003 as a later synonym of Lactobacillus ingluviei Baele et al. 2003. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 793-795.
Original article in IJSEM Online
More information (in French)
    
Lactobacillus intestinalis (ex Hemme 1974) Fujisawa et al. 1990, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain Th4 = ATCC 49335 = CCUG 30727 = CIP 104793 = DSM 6629 = JCM 7548 = LMG 14196.
Synonym: "Lactobacillus intestinalis" Hemme 1974.
Reference: FUJISAWA (T.), ITOH (K.), BENNO (Y.) and MITSUOKA (T.): Lactobacillus intestinalis (ex Hemme 1974) sp. nov., nom. rev., isolated from the intestines of mice and rats. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 302-304.
Original article in IJSB Online
    
Lactobacillus jensenii Gasser et al. 1970, species.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 25258 = CCUG 21961 = CCUG 35572 = CIP 69.17 = DSM 20557 = JCM 1146 = LMG 6414 = NRRL B-4550.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [GASSER (F.), MANDEL (M.) and ROGOSA (M.): Lactobacillus jensenii sp. nov., a new representative of the subgenus Thermobacterium. Journal of General and Applied Microbiology, 1970, 62, 219-222.]
    
Lactobacillus johnsonii Fujisawa et al. 1992, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 33200 = CCUG 30725 = CIP 103620 = DSM 10533 = JCM 2012 = VPI 7960.
Reference: FUJISAWA (T.), BENNO (Y.), YAESHIMA (T.) and MITSUOKA (T.): Taxonomic study of the Lactobacillus acidophilus group, with recognition of Lactobacillus gallinarum sp. nov. and Lactobacillus johnsonii sp. nov. and synonymy of Lactobacillus acidophilus group A3 (Johnson et al. 1980) with the type strain of Lactobacillus amylovorus (Nakamura 1981). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1992, 42, 487-491.
Original article in IJSB Online
    
Lactobacillus kalixensis Roos et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain Kx127A2 = CCUG 48459 = DSM 16043 = LMG 22115.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. kalixensis, pertaining to Kalix, a town in northern Sweden, where the gastric biopsies were sampled.
Reference: ROOS (S.), ENGSTRAND (L.) and JONSSON (H.): Lactobacillus gastricus sp. nov., Lactobacillus antri sp. nov., Lactobacillus kalixensis sp. nov. and Lactobacillus ultunensis sp. nov., isolated from human stomach mucosa. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 77-82.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus kandleri Holzapfel and van Wyk 1983, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain L250 = ATCC 51149 = BCRC (formerly CCRC) 14624 = CCUG 32237 = CIP 102809 = DSM 20593 = JCM 5817 = LMG 18979 = NCIMB 702753 (formerly NCDO 2753) = NRIC 1628.
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 10. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 438-440. [HOLZAPFEL (W.H.) and VAN WYK (E.P.): Lactobacillus kandleri sp. nov., a new species of the subgenus Betabacterium, with glycine in the peptidoglycan. Zentralbl. Bakteriol. Parasitenkd. Infektionskr. Hyg. Abt. 1 Orig., 1982, C3, 495-502.]
Validation List N° 10 in IJSB Online
---> ¤ Weissella kandleri (Holzapfel and van Wyk 1983) Collins et al. 1994, comb. nov.
    
Lactobacillus kefiranofaciens Fujisawa et al. 1988, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain WT-2B = ATCC 43761 = CCUG 32248 = CIP 103307 = DSM 5016 = JCM 6985 = LMG 19149.
Reference: FUJISAWA (T.), ADACHI (S.), TOBA (T.), ARIHARA (K.) and MITSUOKA (T.): Lactobacillus kefiranofaciens sp. nov. isolated from kefir grains. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 12-14.
Original article in IJSB Online
---> Lactobacillus kefiranofaciens Fujisawa et al. 1988 emend. Vancanneyt et al. 2004.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain WT-2B = ATCC 43761 = CCUG 32248 = CIP 103307 = DSM 5016 = JCM 6985 = LMG 19149.
Etymology: N.L. n. kefiranum, a polysaccharide of kefir grain, kefiran; L. v. facio, produce; N.L. masc. part. adj. kefiranofaciens, kefiran-producing.
Reference: VANCANNEYT (M.), MENGAUD (J.), CLEENWERCK (I.), VANHONACKER (K.), HOSTE (B.), DAWYNDT (P.), DEGIVRY (M.C.), RINGUET (D.), JANSSENS (D.) and SWINGS (J.): Reclassification of Lactobacillus kefirgranum Takizawa et al. 1994 as Lactobacillus kefiranofaciens subsp. kefirgranum subsp. nov. and emended description of L. kefiranofaciens Fujisawa et al. 1988. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 551-556.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus kefiranofaciens subsp. kefiranofaciens Fujisawa et al. 1988, subsp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain WT-2B = ATCC 43761 = CCUG 32248 = CIP 103307 = DSM 5016 = JCM 6985 = LMG 19149.
Etymology: N.L. n. kefiranum, a polysaccharide of kefir grain, kefiran; L. v. facio, produce; N.L. masc. part. adj. kefiranofaciens, kefiran-producing.
Reference: VANCANNEYT (M.), MENGAUD (J.), CLEENWERCK (I.), VANHONACKER (K.), HOSTE (B.), DAWYNDT (P.), DEGIVRY (M.C.), RINGUET (D.), JANSSENS (D.) and SWINGS (J.): Reclassification of Lactobacillus kefirgranum Takizawa et al. 1994 as Lactobacillus kefiranofaciens subsp. kefirgranum subsp. nov. and emended description of L. kefiranofaciens Fujisawa et al. 1988. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 551-556.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus kefiranofaciens subsp. kefirgranum (Takizawa et al. 1994) Vancanneyt et al. 2004, comb. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain GCL 1701 = ATCC 51647 = CCUG 49353 = CIP 104241 = DSM 10550 = JCM 8572 = LMG 15132.
Basonym: ¤ Lactobacillus kefirgranum Takizawa et al. 1994.
Etymology: Turkish n. kefir, Caucasian sour milk; L. n. granum, grain; N.L. masc. adj. (sic) kefirgranum, kefir grain.
Reference: VANCANNEYT (M.), MENGAUD (J.), CLEENWERCK (I.), VANHONACKER (K.), HOSTE (B.), DAWYNDT (P.), DEGIVRY (M.C.), RINGUET (D.), JANSSENS (D.) and SWINGS (J.): Reclassification of Lactobacillus kefirgranum Takizawa et al. 1994 as Lactobacillus kefiranofaciens subsp. kefirgranum subsp. nov. and emended description of L. kefiranofaciens Fujisawa et al. 1988. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 551-556.
Original article in IJSEM Online
Note: Lactobacillus kefiranofaciens subsp. kefirgranum (Takizawa et al. 1994) Vancanneyt et al. 2004 is a new combination, not a new subspecies as cited by Vancanneyt et al. 2004.
    
Lactobacillus kefirgranum Takizawa et al. 1994, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain GCL 1701 = ATCC 51647 = CCUG 39467 = CIP 104241 = DSM 10550 = JCM 8572 = LMG 15132.
Reference: TAKIZAWA (S.), KOJIMA (S.), TAMURA (S.), FUJINAGA (S.), BENNO (Y.) and NAKASE (T.): Lactobacillus kefirgranum sp. nov. and Lactobacillus parakefir sp. nov., two new species from kefir grains. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 435-439.
Original article in IJSB Online
---> ¤ Lactobacillus kefiranofaciens subsp. kefirgranum (Takizawa et al. 1994) Vancanneyt et al. 2004, comb. nov.
    
Lactobacillus kefiri corrig. Kandler and Kunath 1983, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain A/K = ATCC 35411 = CCUG 30673 = CIP 103006 = DSM 20587 = IFO (now NBRC) 15888 = JCM 5818 = LMG 9480.
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 11. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 672-674. [KANDLER (O.) and KUNATH (P.): Lactobacillus kefir sp. nov., a component of the microflora of kefir. Syst. Appl. Microbiol, 1983, 4, 286-294.]
Validation List N° 11 in IJSB Online
Note: The original spelling of the specific epithet, kefir (sic), has been corrected by Trüper and De’ Clari 1997.
Reference: TRÜPER (H.G.) and DE’ CLARI (L.): Taxonomic note: Necessary correction of specific epithets formed as substantives (nouns) "in apposition". Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 908-909.
    
Lactobacillus kimchii Yoon et al. 2000, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain MT-1077 = ATCC BAA-131 = CCUG 45370 = CIP 107019 = DSM 13961 = JCM 10707 = KCTC 8903P.
Reference: YOON (J.H.), KANG (S.S.), MHEEN (T.I.), AHN (J.S.), LEE (H.J.), KIM (T.K.), PARK (C.S.), KHO (Y.H.), KANG (K.H.) and PARK (Y.H.): Lactobacillus kimchii sp. nov., a new species from kimchi. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1789-1795.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus kitasatonis Mukai et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain JCM 1039 = KCTC 3155.
Etymology: L. gen. n. kitasatonis, of Kitasato, referring to Shibasaburo Kitasato, the founder of Kitasato Institute, the father of Japanese bacteriology.
Reference: MUKAI (T.), ARIHARA (K.), IKEDA (A.), NOMURA (K.), SUZUKI (F.) and OHORI (H.): Lactobacillus kitasatonis sp. nov., from chicken intestine. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 2055-2059.
Original article in IJSEM Online
More information (in French)
    
Lactobacillus kunkeei Edwards et al. 1998, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain YH-15 = ATCC 700308 = DSM 12361.
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 67. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 1083-1084. [EDWARDS (C.G.), HAAG (K.M.), COLLINS (M.D.), HUTSON (R.A.) and HUANG (Y.C.): Lactobacillus kunkeei sp. nov.: a spoilage organism associated with grape juice fermentations. J. Appl. Microbiol., 1998, 84, 698-702.]
Validation List N° 67 in IJSB Online
    
Lactobacillus lactis (Orla-Jensen 1919) Bergey et al. 1934, species.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 12315 = CCUG 31454 = CIP 101028 = DSM 20072 = JCM 1248 = LMG 7942 = NBRC 102622 = NRRL B-4525.
Synonyms: "Bacillus lactis acidi" Leichmann 1896, "Bacterium lactis acidi" (Leichmann 1896) Leichmann 1896, "Thermobacterium lactis" Orla-Jensen 1919, "Lactobacillus lactis-acidi" (Leichmann 1896) Bergey et al. 1923, "Lactobacterium caucasicum var. lactis" (Orla-Jensen 1919) Krasil’nikov 1949.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [1 ORLA-JENSEN (S.) (ed.): The lactic acid bacteria. Høst, Copenhagen, 1919, pp. 1-196. 2 BERGEY (D.H.), BREED (R.S.), HAMMER (B.W.), HUNTOON (F.M.), MURRAY (E.G.D.) and HARRISON (F.C.) (eds): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 4th ed., The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1934, pp. 1-664.]
---> ¤ Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. lactis (Orla-Jensen 1919) Weiss et al. 1984, comb. nov.
    
Lactobacillus leichmannii (Henneberg 1903) Bergey et al. 1923, species.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 4797 = LMG 13136 = NCCB 49006.
Synonyms: "Bacillus Leichmanni I" (sic) Henneberg 1903, "Bacillus Leichmanni III" (sic) Henneberg 1903, "Lactobacillus leichmanni" (sic) (Henneberg 1903) Bergey et al. 1923, "Bacterium leichmanni I" (sic) (Henneberg 1903) Henneberg 1926, "Lactobacterium leichmannii" (Henneberg 1903) Krasil’nikov 1949.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [1 HENNEBERG (W.): Zur Kenntniss der Milchsäure-bakterien der Brenneriemaische, der Milch, des Bieres, der Presshefe, der Melasse, der Sauerkohls, der sauren Gurken und des Sauerteigs, sowie einige Bemerkungen über die Milchsäurebakterien des menschlichen Magens. Zeitschrift fur Spiritusindustrie, 1903, 26, 329-332. 2 BERGEY (D.H.), HARRISON (F.C.), BREED (R.S.), HAMMER (B.W.) and HUNTOON (F.M.) (eds): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 1st ed., The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1923, pp. 1-442.]
Note: According to Weiss et al. 1983, Lactobacillus leichmannii (Henneberg 1903) Bergey et al. 1923 (Approved Lists 1980) and ¤ Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. lactis (Orla-Jensen 1919) Weiss et al. 1984 are heterotypic synonyms.
Reference: WEISS (N.), SCHILLINGER (U.) and KANDLER (O.): Lactobacillus lactis, Lactobacillus leichmannii and Lactobacillus bulgaricus subjective synonyms of Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. lactis comb. nov. and Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus comb. nov. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1983, 4, 552-557.
    
Lactobacillus lindneri (ex Henneberg 1901) Back et al. 1997, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain KPA = CIP 102983 = DSM 20690 = JCM 11027 = LMG 14528.
Synonym: "Lactobacillus lindneri" (Henneberg 1901) Bergey et al. 1923.
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 61. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 601-602. [BACK (W.), BOHAK (I.), EHRMANN (M.), LUDWIG (W.) and SCHLEIFER (K.H.): Revival of the species Lactobacillus lindneri and the design of a species specific oligonucleotide probe. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1996, 19, 322-325.]
Validation List N° 61 in IJSB Online
    
Lactobacillus malefermentans (ex Russell and Walker 1953) Farrow et al. 1989, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain D2 MF1 = ATCC 49373 = CCUG 32206 = CIP 103367 = DSM 5705 = IFO (now NBRC) 15905 = JCM 12497 = LMG 11455 = NCIMB 701410 (formerly NCDO 1410).
Synonym: "Lactobacillus malefermentans" Russell and Walker 1953.
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 30. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 371. [FARROW (J.A.E.), PHILLIPS (B.A.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Nucleic acid studies on some heterofermentative lactobacilli: description of Lactobacillus malefermentans sp. nov. and Lactobacillus parabuchneri sp. nov. FEMS Microbiol. Lett., 1988, 55, 163-168.]
Validation List N° 30 in IJSB Online
Note: The year of publication of the reference of the paper by Farrow et al. must be 1988, not 1986 as cited in the Validation List n° 30. This error is derived from the error by the publisher of FEMS Microbiology Letter.
Reference: KUDO (T.): Personal communication (January 14, 2005).
    
Lactobacillus mali Carr and Davies 1970, species.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 27053 = CCUG 30141 = CCUG 32228 = CIP 103142 = DSM 20444 = JCM 1116 = LMG 6899 = NBRC 102159 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 10560 = NRRL B-4563 = VKM B-1600.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [CARR (J.) and DAVIES (P.A.): Homofermentative lactobacilli of ciders including Lactobacillus mali nov. spec. Journal of Applied Bacteriology, 1970, 33, 768-774.]
---> ¤ Lactobacillus yamanashiensis subsp. mali (Carr and Davies 1970) Nonomura 1983, comb. nov.
---> Lactobacillus mali Carr and Davies 1970 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Kaneuchi et al. 1988.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 27053 = CCUG 30141 = CCUG 32228 = CIP 103142 = DSM 20444 = JCM 1116 = LMG 6899 = NBRC 102159 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 10560 = NRRL B-4563 = VKM B-1600.
Reference: KANEUCHI (C.), SEKI (M.) and KOMAGATA (K.): Taxonomic study of Lactobacillus mali Carr and Davis 1970 and related strains: validation of Lactobacillus mali Carr and Davis 1970 over Lactobacillus yamanashiensis Nonomura 1983. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 269-272.
Original article in IJSB Online
Note: According to Kaneuchi et al. 1988, Lactobacillus mali Carr and Davies 1970 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Kaneuchi et al. 1988 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus yamanashiensis Nonomura 1983, an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus yamanashiensis subsp. mali (Carr and Davies 1970) Nonomura 1983 and an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus yamanashiensis subsp. yamanashiensis Nonomura 1983.
Reference: KANEUCHI (C.), SEKI (M.) and KOMAGATA (K.): Taxonomic study of Lactobacillus mali Carr and Davis 1970 and related strains: validation of Lactobacillus mali Carr and Davis 1970 over Lactobacillus yamanashiensis Nonomura 1983. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 269-272.
Original article in IJSB Online
    
Lactobacillus maltaromicus Miller et al. 1974, species.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 27865 = CCUG 30142 = CIP 103135 = DSM 20342 = JCM 1154 = LMG 6903 = NRRL B-14852.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [MILLER III (A.), MORGAN (M.E.) and LIBBEY (L.M.): Lactobacillus maltaromicus, a new species producing a malty aroma. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1974, 24, 346-354.]
Note: According to Mora et al. 2003, Lactobacillus maltaromicus Miller et al. 1974 (Approved Lists 1980) is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Carnobacterium piscicola (Hiu et al. 1984) Collins et al. 1987.
Reference: MORA (D.), SCARPELLINI (M.), FRANZETTI (L.), COLOMBO (S.) and GALLI (A.): Reclassification of Lactobacillus maltaromicus (Miller et al. 1974) DSM 20342T and DSM 20344 and Carnobacterium piscicola (Collins et al. 1987) DSM 20730T and DSM 20722 as Carnobacterium maltaromaticum comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 675-678.
Original article in IJSEM Online
---> ¤ Carnobacterium maltaromaticum (Miller et al. 1974) Mora et al. 2003, comb. nov.
    
Lactobacillus manihotivorans Morlon-Guyot et al. 1998, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain OND 32 = CCUG 42894 = CIP 105851 = DSM 13343 = JCM 12514 = LMG 18010.
Reference: MORLON-GUYOT (J.), GUYOT (J.P.), POT (B.), JACOBE de HAUT (I.) and RAIMBAULT (M.): Lactobacillus manihotivorans sp. nov., a new starch-hydrolysing lactic acid bacterium isolated during cassava sour starch fermentation. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 1101-1109.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus mindensis Ehrmann et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain TMW 1.80 = CCUG 48642 = DSM 14500 = JCM 12532 = LMG 21508.
Reference: EHRMANN (M.A.), MÜLLER (M.R.A.) and VOGEL (R.F.): Molecular analysis of sourdough reveals Lactobacillus mindensis sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 7-13.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus minor (ex Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965) Kandler et al. 1983, nom. rev., comb. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain 3 = ATCC 35412 = BCRC (formerly CCRC) 14049 = CCUG 30668 = CECT 572 = CIP 102978 = DSM 20014 = JCM 1168 = LMG 9847 = NCIMB 701973 (formerly NCDO 1973) = NRIC 1625.
Synonym: "Lactobacillus viridescens subsp. minor" Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. mindensis, pertaining to the city of Minden, Germany, from where the first strain of this species was isolated.
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 11. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 672-674. [KANDLER (O.), SCHILLINGER (U.) and WEISS (N.): Lactobacillus halotolerans sp. nov. nom. rev. and Lactobacillus minor sp. nov., nom. rev. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1983, 4, 280-285.]
Validation List N° 11 in IJSB Online
---> ¤ Weissella minor (Kandler et al. 1983) Collins et al. 1994, comb. nov.
    
Lactobacillus minutus (Hauduroy et al. 1937) Moore and Holdeman 1972, species.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 33267 = CCUG 31167 = DSM 20586 = JCM 1118 = LMG 9439 = NCIMB 702751 (formerly NCFB 2751) = VPI 9428.
Synonyms: "Bacteroides minutum" (sic) Hauduroy et al. 1937, "Eubacterium minutum" (Hauduroy et al. 1937) Prévot 1938.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [1 HAUDUROY (P.), EHRINGER (G.), URBAIN (G.), GUILLOT (G.) and MAGROU (J.) (eds): Dictionnaire des bactéries pathogènes, Masson et Cie, Paris, 1937, pp. 1-597. 2 MOORE (W.E.C.) and HOLDEMAN (L.V.): Lactobacillus. In: L.V. HOLDEMAN and W.E.C. MOORE (eds): Anaerobe Laboratory Manual, Virginia Polytechnic Institute, Anaerobe Laboratory, Blacksburg, Virginia, 1972, pp 61-66.]
---> Lactobacillus minutus (Hauduroy et al. 1937) Moore and Holdeman 1972 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Olsen et al. 1991.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 33267 = CCUG 31167 = DSM 20586 = JCM 1118 = LMG 9439 = NCIMB 702751 (formerly NCFB 2751) = VPI 9428.
Reference: OLSEN (I.), JOHNSON (J.L.), MOORE (L.V.H.) and MOORE (W.E.C.): Lactobacillus uli sp. nov. and Lactobacillus rimae sp. nov. from the human gingival crevice and emended descriptions of Lactobacillus minutus and Streptococcus parvulus. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1991, 41, 261-266.
Original article in IJSB Online
---> ¤ Atopobium minutum (Hauduroy et al. 1937) Collins and Wallbanks 1993, comb. nov.
    
Lactobacillus mucosae Roos et al. 2000, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain S32 = CCUG 43179 = CIP 106485 = DSM 13345 = JCM 12515.
Reference: ROOS (S.), KARNER (F.), AXELSSON (L.) and JONSSON (H.): Lactobacillus mucosae sp. nov., a new species with in vitro mucus-binding activity isolated from pig intestine. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 251-258.
Original article in IJSEM Online
More information (in French)
    
Lactobacillus murinus Hemme et al. 1982, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain 313 = ATCC 35020 = CCUG 33904 = CIP 104818 = CNRZ 220 = DSM 20452 = IFO (now NBRC) 14221 = JCM 1717 = LMG 14189.
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 9. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 384-385. [HEMME (D.), RAIBAUD (P.), DUCLUZEAU (R.), GALPIN (J.V.), SICARD (P.) and VAN HEIJENOORT (J.): Lactobacillus murinus n. sp., une nouvelle espèce de la flore dominante autochtone du tube digestif du rat et de la souris. Ann. Microbiol., 1980, 131A, 297-308.]
Validation List N° 9 in IJSB Online
Note: According to the subcommittee on the taxonomy of Bifidobacterium, Lactobacillus and related organisms it seems necessary to verify the separate species status of Lactobacillus murinus Hemme et al. 1982.
References:
1 KAGERMEIER-CALLAWAY (A.S.): International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Bifidobacterium, Lactobacillus and related organisms. Minutes of the meetings, 4 and 6 July 1994, Prague, Czech Republic. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1391-1392.
Original article by Kagermeier-Callaway 2000 in IJSEM Online (PDF Format)
2 KLEIN (G.): International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Bifidobacterium, Lactobacillus and related organisms. Minutes of the meetings, 22 and 23 September 1999, Veldhoven, The Netherlands. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 259-261.
Original article by Klein 2001 in IJSEM Online (PDF Format)
    
Lactobacillus nagelii Edwards et al. 2000, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain LuE10 = ATCC 700692 = CCUG 43575 = DSM 13675 = JCM 12492.
Reference: EDWARDS (C.G.), COLLINS (M.D.), LAWSON (P.A.) and RODRIGUEZ (A.V.): Lactobacillus nagelii sp. nov., an organism isolated from a partially fermented wine. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 699–702.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus namurensis Scheirlinck et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain CCUG 52843 = LMG 23583.
GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ accession number for the 16S rRNA gene sequence of the type strain: AM259119.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. namurensis, pertaining to the province of Namur, Belgium, from where the type strain was isolated.
Reference: SCHEIRLINCK (I.), VAN DER MEULEN (R.), VAN SCHOOR (A.), CLEENWERCK (I.), HUYS (G.), VANDAMME (P.), DE VUYST (L.) and VANCANNEYT (M.): Lactobacillus namurensis sp. nov., isolated from a traditional Belgian sourdough. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 223-227.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus nantensis Valcheva et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain LP33 = TMW 1.1265 = CIP 108546 = DSM 16982.
Etymology: M.L. masc. adj. nantensis, pertaining to Nantes, from where the first strain of this species was isolated.
Reference: VALCHEVA (R.), FERCHICHI (M.F.), KORAKLI (M.), IVANOVA (I.), GÄNZLE (M.G.), VOGEL (R.F.), PRÉVOST (H.), ONNO (B.) and DOUSSET (X.): Lactobacillus nantensis sp. nov., isolated from French wheat sourdough. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 587-591.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus oligofermentans Koort et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain AMKR18 = CCUG 52263 = DSM 15707 = LMG 22743.
Etymology: Gr. adj. oligos, few or little; L. part. adj. fermentans, fermenting; N.L. part. adj. oligofermentans, fermenting few substrates.
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 106. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 2235-2238. [KOORT (J.), MURROS (A.), COENYE (T.), EEROLA (S.), VANDAMME (P.), SUKURA (A.) and BJÖRKROTH (J.): Lactobacillus oligofermentans sp. nov., associated with spoilage of modified-atmosphere-packaged poultry products. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 2005, 71, 4400-4406.]
Validation List N° 106 in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus oris Farrow and Collins 1988, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain 5A1 of Hayward = ATCC 49062 = CCUG 37396 = CIP 103255 = CIP 105162 = DSM 4864 = JCM 7507 = JCM 11028 = LMG 9848 = NCIMB 8831 (formerly NCIB 8831; formerly NCDO 2160).
Reference: FARROW (J.A.E.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Lactobacillus oris sp. nov. from the human oral cavity. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 116-118.
Original article in IJSB Online
    
Lactobacillus panis Wiese et al. 1996, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain CCUG 37482 = DSM 6035 = JCM 11053.
Reference: WIESE (B.J.), STROHMAR (W.), RAINEY (F.A.) and DIEKMANN (H.): Lactobacillus panis sp. nov., from sourdough with a long fermentation period. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 449-453.
Original article in IJSEM Online
Note: The members of the Sucommittee on Taxonomy of Bifidobacterium, Lactobacillus, and Related Organisms concluded (meeting in Budapest, Hungary, August 1996) that Lactobacillus panis Wiese et al. 1996 is not a validly published name because the type strain of has been deposited in the closed collection of the DSM. Therefore, Dellaglio and Klein requested an opinion which indicates wether this name should be rejected according to Rule 30 (3), recommendation 30a, and Principle 1 [1]. However, the type strain of Lactobacillus panis DSM 6035 has been transferred from the patent/safe deposit department to the public part of the DSMZ and is now available without any restriction [2, 3]. So, Lactobacillus panis is a validly published and legitimate name [4, 5].
References:
1 DELLAGLIO (F.) and KLEIN (G.): Rejection of Lactobacillus panis (Wiese et al. 1996). Request for an opinion. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 910.
2 WEISS (N.): Personal communication, November 23, 1999.
3 DSMZ: Search Catalogue of Microbial Strains.
4 DE VOS (P.) and TRÜPER (H.G.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology IXth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 14, 15 and 18 August 1999, Sydney, Australia. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2000, 50, 2239-2244.
Original article by De Vos and Trüper 2000 in IJSEM Online (PDF Format)
5 TRÜPER (H.G.): Strain DSM 6035 is the type strain of Lactobacillus panis (Wiese et al. 1996). Opinion 72. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 929.
Opinion 72 in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus pantheris Liu and Dong 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain A24-2-1 = AS 1.2826 = JCM 12539 = LMG 21017.
Reference: LIU (B.) and DONG (X.): Lactobacillus pantheris sp. nov., isolated from faeces of a jaguar. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1745-1748.
Original article in IJSEM Online
More information (in French)
    
Lactobacillus parabrevis Vancanneyt et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 53295 = LMG 11984.
Etymology: Gr. prep. para, like; L. masc. adj. brevis, referring to the specific epithet of Lactobacillus brevis; N.L. masc. adj. parabrevis, brevis-like, referring to Lactobacillus brevis.
Reference: VANCANNEYT (M.), NASER (S.M.), ENGELBEEN (K.), DE WACHTER (M.), VAN DER MEULEN (R.), CLEENWERCK (I.), HOSTE (B.), DE VUYST (L.) and SWINGS (J.): Reclassification of Lactobacillus brevis strains LMG 11494 and LMG 11984 as Lactobacillus parabrevis sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1553-1557.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus parabuchneri Farrow et al. 1989, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 49374 = CCUG 32261 = CIP 103368 = DSM 5707 = JCM 12493 = LMG 11457 = NCIMB 8838 (formerly NCDO 2748).
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 30. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 371. [FARROW (J.A.E.), PHILLIPS (B.A.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Nucleic acid studies on some heterofermentative lactobacilli: description of Lactobacillus malefermentans sp. nov. and Lactobacillus parabuchneri sp. nov. FEMS Microbiol. Lett., 1988, 55, 163-168.]
Validation List N° 30 in IJSB Online
Notes:
1 The year of publication of the reference of the paper by Farrow et al. must be 1988, not 1986 as cited in the Validation List n° 30. This error is derived from the error by the publisher of FEMS Microbiology Letter.
Reference: KUDO (T.): Personal communication (January 14, 2005).
2 According to Vancanneyt et al. 2005, Lactobacillus parabuchneri Farrow et al. 1989 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus ferintoshensis Simpson et al. 2002.
Reference: VANCANNEYT (M.), ENGELBEEN (K.), DE WACHTER (M.), VANDEMEULEBROECKE (K.), CLEENWERCK (I.) and SWINGS (J.): Reclassification of Lactobacillus ferintoshensis as a later heterotypic synonym of Lactobacillus parabuchneri. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 2195-2198.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus paracasei Collins et al. 1989, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 25302 = CCUG 32212 = CIP 103918 = DSM 5622 = IFO (now NBRC) 15889 = JCM 8130 = LMG 13087 = NCIMB 700151 (formerly NCDO 151).
Reference: COLLINS (M.D.), PHILLIPS (B.A.) and ZANONI (P.): Deoxyribonucleic acid homology studies of Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus paracasei sp. nov., subsp. paracasei and subsp. tolerans, and Lactobacillus rhamnosus sp. nov., comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 105-108.
Original article in IJSB Online
Note: See the file Some problems with Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus paracasei and Lactobacillus zeae.
    
Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. paracasei Collins et al. 1989, subsp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 25302 = CCUG 32212 = CIP 103918 = DSM 5622 = IFO (now NBRC) 15889 = JCM 8130 = LMG 13087 = NCIMB 700151 (formerly NCDO 151).
Reference: COLLINS (M.D.), PHILLIPS (B.A.) and ZANONI (P.): Deoxyribonucleic acid homology studies of Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus paracasei sp. nov., subsp. paracasei and subsp. tolerans, and Lactobacillus rhamnosus sp. nov., comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 105-108.
Original article in IJSB Online
Notes:
1 See the file Some problems with Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus paracasei and Lactobacillus zeae.
2 The taxon Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. paracasei Collins et al. 1989, encompasses the type strain of Lactobacillus casei subsp. alactosus Mills and Lessel 1973 (Approved Lists 1980) and the type strain of Lactobacillus casei subsp. pseudoplantarum Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965 (Approved Lists 1980).
    
Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. tolerans (Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965) Collins et al. 1989, comb. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 25599 = CCUG 34829 = CIP 102994 = CIP 103024 = DSM 20258 = IFO (now NBRC) 15906 = JCM 1171 = LMG 9191 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 9709 (formerly NCFB 2774).
Basonym: ¤ Lactobacillus casei subsp. tolerans Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965 (Approved Lists 1980).
Reference: COLLINS (M.D.), PHILLIPS (B.A.) and ZANONI (P.): Deoxyribonucleic acid homology studies of Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus paracasei sp. nov., subsp. paracasei and subsp. tolerans, and Lactobacillus rhamnosus sp. nov., comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 105-108.
Original article in IJSB Online
    
Lactobacillus paracollinoides Suzuki et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain LA2 = DSM 15502 = JCM 11969.
Etymology: Gr. pref. para, beside; N.L. masc. adj. collinoides, the specific epithet of Lactobacillus collinoides; N.L. masc. adj. paracollinoides, beside Lactobacillus collinoides, referring to close relationship to Lactobacillus collinoides.
Reference: SUZUKI (K.), FUNAHASHI (W.), KOYANAGI (M.) and YAMASHITA (H.): Lactobacillus paracollinoides sp. nov., isolated from brewery environments. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 115-117.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus parafarraginis Endo and Okada 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain DSM 18390 = JCM 14109 = NRIC 0677.
GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ accession number for the 16S rRNA gene sequence of the type strain: AB262734.
Etymology: Gr. prep. para, beside; L. gen. n. farraginis, of mash, the specific epithet of Lactobacillus farraginis; N.L. gen. n. parafarraginis, beside farraginis, pertaining to the close relationship to Lactobacillus farraginis.
Reference: ENDO (A.) and OKADA (S.): Lactobacillus farraginis sp. nov. and Lactobacillus parafarraginis sp. nov., heterofermentative lactobacilli isolated from a compost of distilled shochu residue. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 708-712.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus parakefiri corrig. Takizawa et al. 1994, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain GCL 1731 = ATCC 51648 = CCUG 39468 = CIP 104242 = DSM 10551 = IFO (now NBRC) 15890 = JCM 8573 = LMG 15133.
Reference: TAKIZAWA (S.), KOJIMA (S.), TAMURA (S.), FUJINAGA (S.), BENNO (Y.) and NAKASE (T.): Lactobacillus kefirgranum sp. nov. and Lactobacillus parakefir sp. nov., two new species from kefir grains. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 435-439.
Original article in IJSB Online
Note: The original spelling of the specific epithet, parakefir (sic), has been corrected by Trüper and De’ Clari 1998.
Reference: TRÜPER (H.G.) and DE’ CLARI (L.): Taxonomic note: erratum and correction of further specific epithets formed as substantives (nouns) "in apposition". Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 615.
Original article in IJSB Online
    
Lactobacillus paralimentarius Cai et al. 1999, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain TB 1 = CCUG 43349 = CIP 106794 = DSM 13238 = JCM 10415 = LMG 19152.
Reference: CAI (Y.), OKADA (H.), MORI (H.), BENNO (Y.) and NAKASE (T.): Lactobacillus paralimentarius sp. nov., isolated from sourdough. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 1451-1455.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus paraplantarum Curk et al. 1996, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 700211 = CCUG 35983 = CIP 104668 = CNRZ 1885 = CST 10961 = DSM 10667 = JCM 12533 = LMG 16673 = NRRL B-23115.
Reference: CURK (M.C.), HUBERT (J.C.) and BRINGEL (F.): Lactobacillus paraplantarum sp. nov., a new species related to Lactobacillus plantarum. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 595-598.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus pentosus (ex Fred et al. 1921) Zanoni et al. 1987, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 8041 = CCUG 33455 = CIP 103156 = DSM 20314 = JCM 1558 = LMG 10755 = NCAIM B.01727 = NCCB 32014 = NCIMB 8026 (formerly NCDO 363) = NRRL B-227 = NRRL B-473.
Synonym: "Lactobacillus pentosus" Fred et al. 1921.
Reference: ZANONI (P.), FARROW (J.A.E.), PHILLIPS (B.A.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Lactobacillus pentosus (Fred, Peterson, and Anderson) sp. nov., nom. rev. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1987, 37, 339-341.
Original article in IJSB Online
    
Lactobacillus perolens Back et al. 2000, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain L 532 = DSM 12744 = JCM 12534 = LMG 18936.
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 72. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 3-4. [BACK (W.), BOHAK (I.), EHRMANN (M.), LUDWIG (W.), POT (B.), KERSTERS (K.) and SCHLEIFER (K.H.): Lactobacillus perolens sp. nov., a soft drink spoilage bacterium. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1999, 22, 354-359.]
Validation List N° 72 in IJSEM Online (PDF Format)
    
Lactobacillus piscicola Hiu et al. 1984, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain B270 = ATCC 35586 = CCUG 34645 = CIP 103158 = DSM 20730 = HAMBI 2234 = IFO (now NBRC) 15684 = JCM 5348 = LMG 9839 = NCIMB 2264 (formerly NCDO 2762) = NRRL B-14829.
Reference: HIU (S.F.), HOLT (R.A.), SRIRANGANATHAN (N.), SEIDLER (R.J.) and FRYER (J.L.): Lactobacillus piscicola, a new species from salmonid fish. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 393-400.
Original article in IJSB Online
Note: According to Collins et al. 1987, Lactobacillus piscicola Hiu et al. 1984 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus carnis Shaw and Harding 1986.
Reference: COLLINS (M.D.), FARROW (J.A.E.), PHILLIPS (B.A.), FERUSU (S.) and JONES (D.): Classification of Lactobacillus divergens, Lactobacillus piscicola, and some catalase-negative, asporogenous, rod-shaped bacteria from poultry in a new genus, Carnobacterium. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1987, 37, 310-316.
Original article in IJSB Online
---> ¤ Carnobacterium piscicola (Hiu et al. 1984) Collins et al. 1987, comb. nov.
---> ¤ Carnobacterium maltaromaticum (Miller et al. 1974) Mora et al. 2003, comb. nov.
Note: According to Mora et al. 2003, ¤ Carnobacterium piscicola (Hiu et al. 1984) Collins et al. 1987 is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus maltaromicus Miller et al. 1974 (Approved Lists 1980) which is transfered to the genus ¤ Carnobacterium Collins et al. 1987 as ¤ Carnobacterium maltaromaticum (Miller et al. 1974) Mora et al. 2003.
Reference: MORA (D.), SCARPELLINI (M.), FRANZETTI (L.), COLOMBO (S.) and GALLI (A.): Reclassification of Lactobacillus maltaromicus (Miller et al. 1974) DSM 20342T and DSM 20344 and Carnobacterium piscicola (Collins et al. 1987) DSM 20730T and DSM 20722 as Carnobacterium maltaromaticum comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 675-678.
Original article in IJSEM Online.
    
Lactobacillus plantarum (Orla-Jensen 1919) Bergey et al. 1923, species.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 14917 = CCUG 30503 = CIP 103151 = DSM 20174 = IFO (now NBRC) 15891 = JCM 1149 = LMG 6907 = NCIMB 11974 = NRRL B-4496.
Synonyms: "Streptobacterium plantarum" Orla-Jensen 1919, "Lactobacillus plantari" (sic) (Orla-Jensen 1919) Bergey et al. 1923, "Lactobacterium plantarum" (Orla-Jensen 1919) Krasil’nikov 1949.
Etymology: L. fem. n. planta, any vegetable production that serves to propagate the species, a plant; L. gen. pl. n. plantarum, of plants.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [1 ORLA-JENSEN (S.) (ed.): The lactic acid bacteria. Høst, Copenhagen, 1919, pp. 1-196. 2 BERGEY (D.H.), HARRISON (F.C.), BREED (R.S.), HAMMER (B.W.) and HUNTOON (F.M.) (eds): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 1st ed., The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1923, pp. 1-442.]
Note: According to Kostinek et al. 2005, Lactobacillus plantarum (Orla-Jensen 1919) Bergey et al. 1923 (Approved Lists 1980) is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus arizonensis Swezey et al. 2000.
Reference: KOSTINEK (M.), PUKALL (R.), ROONEY (A.P.), SCHILLINGER (U.), HERTEL (C.), HOLZAPFEL (W.H.) and FRANZ (C.M.A.P.): Lactobacillus arizonensis is a later heterotypic synonym of Lactobacillus plantarum. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 2485-2489.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus plantarum subsp. argentoratensis Bringel et al. 2005, subsp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain DKO 22 = CCUG 50787 = CIP 108320 = DSM 16365.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. argentoratensis, pertaining to Argentoratus, the Roman name of the city of Strasbourg in Alsace, France, where the strains were first collected and analysed.
Reference: BRINGEL (F.), CASTIONI (A.), OLUKOYA (D.K.), FELIS (G.E.), TORRIANI (S.) and DELLAGLIO (F.): Lactobacillus plantarum subsp. argentoratensis subsp. nov., isolated from vegetable matrices. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 1629-1634.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus plantarum subsp. plantarum (Orla-Jensen 1919) Bergey et al. 1923, subsp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 14917 = CCUG 30503 = CIP 103151 = DSM 20174 = IFO (now NBRC) 15891 = JCM 1149 = LMG 6907 = NCIMB 11974 = NRRL B-4496.
Etymology: L. fem. n. planta, any vegetable production that serves to propagate the species, a plant; L. gen. pl. n. plantarum, of plants.
Reference: BRINGEL (F.), CASTIONI (A.), OLUKOYA (D.K.), FELIS (G.E.), TORRIANI (S.) and DELLAGLIO (F.): Lactobacillus plantarum subsp. argentoratensis subsp. nov., isolated from vegetable matrices. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 1629-1634.
Original article in IJSEM Online
Note: In the paper by Bringel et al. 2005, the type strain NCIMB 11974 is cited as NCDO 1752.
    
Lactobacillus pontis Vogel et al. 1994, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain LTH 2587 = ATCC 51518 = CCUG 33456 = CIP 104232 = DSM 8475 = JCM 11051 = LMG 14187.
Reference: VOGEL (R.F.), BÖCKER (G.), STOLZ (P.), EHRMANN (M.), FANTA (D.), LUDWIG (W.), POT (B.), KERSTERS (K.), SCHLEIFER (K.H.) and HAMMES (W.P.): Identification of lactobacilli from sourdough and description of Lactobacillus pontis sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 223-229.
Original article in IJSB Online
    
Lactobacillus psittaci Lawson et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain CCUG 42378 = CIP 106492 = DSM 15354 = JCM 11552.
Reference: LAWSON (P.A.), WACHER (C.), HANSSON (I.), FALSEN (E.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Lactobacillus psittaci sp. nov., isolated from a hyacinth macaw (Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 967-970.
Original article in IJSEM Online
More information (in French)
    
Lactobacillus rennini Chenoll et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain CECT 5922 = DSM 20253 = JCM 14279.
Etymology: N.L. n. renninum, rennin, an enzyme that coagulates milk and is used in making cheese; N.L. gen. n. rennini, of rennin.
Reference: CHENOLL (E.), MACIÁN (M.C.) and AZNAR (R.): Lactobacillus rennini sp. nov., isolated from rennin and associated with cheese spoilage. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 449-452.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus reuteri Kandler et al. 1982, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 23272 = CCUG 33624 = CIP 101887 = DSM 20016 = IFO (now NBRC) 15892 = JCM 1112 = LMG 9213 = LMG 13557 = NRRL B-14171.
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 8. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 266-268. [KANDLER (O.), STETTER (K.O.) and KÖHL (R.): Lactobacillus reuteri sp. nov., a new species of heterofermentative lactobacilli. Zentralbl. Mikrobiol. Parasitenkd. Infektionskr. Hyg. Abt. 1 Orig., 1980, C1, 264-269.]
Validation List N° 8 in IJSB Online
    
Lactobacillus rhamnosus (Hansen 1968) Collins et al. 1989, comb. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 7469 = CCUG 21452 = CIP A157 = DSM 20021 = IFO (now NBRC) 3425 = JCM 1136 = LMG 6400 = NCAIM B.01147 = NCCB 46033 = NCIMB 6375 (formerly NCDO 243) = NCTC 12953 = NRRL B-442 = VKM B-574.
Basonym: ¤ Lactobacillus casei subsp. rhamnosus Hansen 1968 (Approved Lists 1980).
Reference: COLLINS (M.D.), PHILLIPS (B.A.) and ZANONI (P.): Deoxyribonucleic acid homology studies of Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus paracasei sp. nov., subsp. paracasei and subsp. tolerans, and Lactobacillus rhamnosus sp. nov., comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 105-108.
Original article in IJSB Online
Note: In the paper by Collins et al. 1989, Lactobacillus rhamnosus is proposed as a new species.
    
Lactobacillus rimae Olsen et al. 1991, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 49626 = CCUG 31168 = DSM 7090 = IFO (now NBRC) 15546 = JCM 10299 = LMG 11476 = VPI D140H-11A.
Reference: OLSEN (I.), JOHNSON (J.L.), MOORE (L.V.H.) and MOORE (W.E.C.): Lactobacillus uli sp. nov. and Lactobacillus rimae sp. nov. from the human gingival crevice and emended descriptions of Lactobacillus minutus and Streptococcus parvulus. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1991, 41, 261-266.
Original article in IJSB Online
---> ¤ Atopobium rimae (Olsen et al. 1991) Collins and Wallbanks 1993, comb. nov.
    
Lactobacillus rogosae Holdeman and Moore 1974, species.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 27753 = VPI C37-38.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [HOLDEMAN (L.V.) and MOORE (W.E.C.): New genus, Coprococcus, twelve new species, and emended descriptions of four previously described species of bacteria from human feces. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1974, 24, 260-277.]
Note: The type strain is not available in any established culture collection; therefore it cannot be included in any scientific study. Felis et al. request the rejection of the species name, at least until strains under accession process in the ATCC are available and confirmed as belonging to the Lactobacillus.
Reference: FELIS (G.E.), TORRIANI (S.) and DELLAGLIO (F.): The status of the species Lactobacillus rogosae Holdeman and Moore 1974. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 1903-1904.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus rossiae corrig. Corsetti et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain CS1 = ATCC BAA-822 = DSM 15814.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. rossiae, of Rossi, to honour Professor Jone Rossi, University of Perugia, Italy, for her main contribution to dairy and sourdough microbiology.
Reference: CORSETTI (A.), SETTANNI (L.), VAN SINDEREN (D.), FELIS (G.E.), DELLAGLIO (F.) and GOBBETTI (M.): Lactobacillus rossii sp. nov., isolated from wheat sourdough. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 35-40.
Original article in IJSEM Online
Note: The original spelling of the specific epithet, rossii (sic), has been corrected on notification with the authors' agreement.
Reference: LISTS EDITOR, IJSEM: Notification that new names and new combinations have appeared in volume 55, part 1, of the IJSEM. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2005, 55, 987-991.
Notification List in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus ruminis Sharpe et al. 1973, species.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 27780 = CCUG 39465 = CIP 103153 = DSM 20403 = JCM 1152 = LMG 10756 = NBRC 102161 = NRRL B-14853.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [SHARPE (M.E.), LATHAM (M.J.), GARVIE (E.I.), ZIRNGIBL (J.) and KANDLER (O.): Two new species of Lactobacillus isolated from the bovine rumen, Lactobacillus ruminis sp. nov. and Lactobacillus vitulinus sp. nov. Journal of General Microbiology, 1973, 77, 37-49.]
    
Lactobacillus saerimneri Pedersen and Roos 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain GDA154 = CCUG 48462 = DSM 16049 = LMG 22087.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. saerimneri, of Saerimmer, a pig occuring in Nordic mythology, because the organism was isolated from pigs.
Reference: PEDERSEN (C.) and ROOS (S.): Lactobacillus saerimneri sp. nov., isolated from pig faeces. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 1365-1368.
Original article in IJSEM Online
More information (in French)
    
Lactobacillus sakei corrig. Katagiri et al. 1934, species.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 15521 = CCUG 30501 = CIP 103139 = DSM 20017 = IFO (now NBRC) 15893 = JCM 1157 = LMG 9468 = LMG 13558.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [KATAGIRI (H.), KITAHARA (K.) and FUKAMI (K.): The characteristics of the lactic acid bacteria isolated from moto, yeast mashes for sake manufacture. IV. Classification of the lactic acid bacteria. Bulletin of the Agricultural Chemical Society of Japan, 1934, 10, 156-157.]
Notes:
1 The original spelling of the specific epithet, sake (sic), has been corrected by Trüper and De’ Clari 1997.
Reference: TRÜPER (H.G.) and DE’ CLARI (L.): Taxonomic note: Necessary correction of specific epithets formed as substantives (nouns) "in apposition". Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 908-909.
2 In the Kilian's opinion [1] the change of the well-established name Lactobacillus sake may be a source of confusion. So, with reference to the first Principle of the Bacteriological Code (1990 Revision), Kilian requested that the original name Lactobacillus sake be conserved [2]. The Judicial Commission denied this request, and no Opinion will be issued upon this request [3].
References:
1 KILIAN (M.): Necessary changes of bacterial names? ASM News, 1998, 64, 670.
2 KILIAN (M.): Recommended conservation of the names Streptococcus sanguis, Streptococcus rattus, Streptococcus cricetus, and seven other names included in the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 723-724.
Original article by Killian 2001 in IJSEM Online
3 DE VOS (P.), TRÜPER (H.G.) and TINDALL (B.J.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes Xth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 28, 29 and 31 July and 1 August 2002, Paris, France. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 525-532.
Original article by De Vos et al. 2005 in IJSEM Online
3 According to Kagermeier-Callaway and Lauer 1995, Lactobacillus sakei corrig. Katagiri et al. 1934 (Approved Lists 1980) is an earlier synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus bavaricus Stetter and Stetter 1980.
Reference: KAGERMEIER-CALLAWAY (A.S.) and LAUER (E.): Lactobacillus sake Katagiri, Kitahara, and Fukami 1934 is the senior synonym for Lactobacillus bavaricus Stetter and Stetter 1980. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 398-399.
Original article in IJSB Online
---> Lactobacillus sakei corrig. Katagiri et al. 1934 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Klein et al. 1996.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 15521 = CCUG 30501 = CIP 103139 = DSM 20017 = IFO (now NBRC) 15893 = JCM 1157 = LMG 9468 = LMG 13558.
Reference: KLEIN (G.), DICKS (L.M.T.), PACK (A.), HACK (B.), ZIMMERMANN (K.), DELLAGLIO (F.) and REUTER (G.): Emended descriptions of Lactobacillus sake (Katagiri, Kitahara, and Fukami) and Lactobacillus curvatus (Abo-Elnaga and Kandler): numerical classification revealed by protein fingerprinting and identification based on biochemical patterns and DNA-DNA hybridizations. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 367-376.
Original article in IJSB Online
Note: Subsequently, this species has been divided into subspecies (see: below).
    
Lactobacillus sakei subsp. carnosus corrig. Torriani et al. 1996, subsp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain R 14b/a = CCUG 31331 = CIP 105422 = JCM 11031 = LMG 17302.
Reference: TORRIANI (S.), VAN REENEN (C.A.), KLEIN (G.), REUTER (G.), DELLAGLIO (F.) and DICKS (L.M.T.): Lactobacillus curvatus subsp. curvatus subsp. nov. and Lactobacillus curvatus subsp. melibiosus subsp. nov. and Lactobacillus sake subsp. sake subsp. nov. and Lactobacillus sake subsp. carnosus subsp. nov., new subspecies of Lactobacillus curvatus Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965 and Lactobacillus sake Katagiri, Kitahara, and Fukami 1934 (Klein et al. 1996, emended descriptions), respectively. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 1158-1163.
Original article in IJSEM Online
Note: The original spelling of the specific epithet, sake (sic), has been corrected by Trüper and De’ Clari 1997.
Reference: TRÜPER (H.G.) and DE’ CLARI (L.): Taxonomic note: Necessary correction of specific epithets formed as substantives (nouns) "in apposition". Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 908-909.
Note: According to Koort et al. 2004, Lactobacillus sakei subsp. carnosus corrig. Torriani et al. 1996 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus curvatus subsp. melibiosus Torriani et al. 1996.
Reference: KOORT (J.), VANDAMME (P.), SCHILLINGER (U.), HOLZAPFEL (W.) and BJÖRKROTH (J.): Lactobacillus curvatus subsp. melibiosus is a later synonym of Lactobacillus sakei subsp. carnosus. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 1621-1626.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus sakei subsp. sakei corrig. Katagiri et al. 1934, subsp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 15521 = CCUG 30501 = CIP 103139 = DSM 20017 = IFO (now NBRC) 15893 = JCM 1157 = LMG 9468 = LMG 13558.
Reference: TORRIANI (S.), VAN REENEN (C.A.), KLEIN (G.), REUTER (G.), DELLAGLIO (F.) and DICKS (L.M.T.): Lactobacillus curvatus subsp. curvatus subsp. nov. and Lactobacillus curvatus subsp. melibiosus subsp. nov. and Lactobacillus sake subsp. sake subsp. nov. and Lactobacillus sake subsp. carnosus subsp. nov., new subspecies of Lactobacillus curvatus Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965 and Lactobacillus sake Katagiri, Kitahara, and Fukami 1934 (Klein et al. 1996, emended descriptions), respectively. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 1158-1163.
Original article in IJSEM Online
Notes:
1 The original spelling of the specific epithet and of the subspecific epithet, sake (sic), have been corrected by Trüper and De’ Clari 1997.
Reference: TRÜPER (H.G.) and DE’ CLARI (L.): Taxonomic note: Necessary correction of specific epithets formed as substantives (nouns) "in apposition". Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 908-909.
2 The subspecies name Lactobacillus sakei subsp. sakei corrig. Katagiri et al. 1934 is automatically created by the valid publication of Lactobacillus sakei subsp. carnosus corrig. Torriani et al. 1996 [Rule 40d (formerly Rule 46)].
    
Lactobacillus salivarius Rogosa et al. 1953, species.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 11741 = CCUG 31453 = CIP 103140 = DSM 20555 = HAMBI 78 = HAMBI 87 = JCM 1231 = LMG 9477 = NRRL B-1949.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. salivarius, slimy, clammy, salivary.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [ROGOSA (M.), WISEMAN (R.F.), MITCHELL (J.A.) and DISRAELY (M.N.): Species differentiation of oral lactobacilli from man including descriptions of Lactobacillus salivarius nov. spec. and Lactobacillus cellobiosus nov. spec. Journal of Bacteriology, 1953, 65, 681-699.]
---> Lactobacillus salivarius Rogosa et al. 1953 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Li et al. 2006.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 11741 = CCUG 31453 = CIP 103140 = DSM 20555 = HAMBI 78 = HAMBI 87 = JCM 1231 = LMG 9477 = NRRL B-1949.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. salivarius, slimy, clammy, salivary.
Reference: LI (Y.), RAFTIS (E.), CANCHAYA (C.), FITZGERALD (G.F.), VAN SINDEREN (D.) and O'TOOLE (P.W.): Polyphasic analysis indicates that Lactobacillus salivarius subsp. salivarius and Lactobacillus salivarius subsp. salicinius do not merit separate subspecies status. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2397-2403.
Original article in IJSEM Online
Note: Li et al. 2006 propose that the infraspecific division of Lactobacillus salivarius into the subspecies ¤ Lactobacillus salivarius subsp. salicinius Rogosa et al. 1953 (Approved Lists 1980), and ¤ Lactobacillus salivarius subsp. salivarius Rogosa et al. 1953 (Approved Lists 1980) be discontinued.
    
Lactobacillus salivarius subsp. salicinius Rogosa et al. 1953, subspecies.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 11742 = CCUG 39464 = CIP 103155 = DSM 20554 = JCM 1150 = LMG 9476 = NBRC 102160 = NRRL B-1950.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [ROGOSA (M.), WISEMAN (R.F.), MITCHELL (J.A.) and DISRAELY (M.N.): Species differentiation of oral lactobacilli from man including descriptions of Lactobacillus salivarius nov. spec. and Lactobacillus cellobiosus nov. spec. Journal of Bacteriology, 1953, 65, 681-699.]
---> ¤ Lactobacillus salivarius Rogosa et al. 1953 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Li et al. 2006.
Note: According to Li et al. 2006, ¤ Lactobacillus salivarius comprises a single species with no infraspecific taxa.
Reference: LI (Y.), RAFTIS (E.), CANCHAYA (C.), FITZGERALD (G.F.), VAN SINDEREN (D.) and O'TOOLE (P.W.): Polyphasic analysis indicates that Lactobacillus salivarius subsp. salivarius and Lactobacillus salivarius subsp. salicinius do not merit separate subspecies status. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2397-2403.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus salivarius subsp. salivarius Rogosa et al. 1953, subspecies.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 11741 = CCUG 31453 = CIP 103140 = DSM 20555 = JCM 1231 = LMG 9477 = NRRL B-1949.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [ROGOSA (M.), WISEMAN (R.F.), MITCHELL (J.A.) and DISRAELY (M.N.): Species differentiation of oral lactobacilli from man including descriptions of Lactobacillus salivarius nov. spec. and Lactobacillus cellobiosus nov. spec. Journal of Bacteriology, 1953, 65, 681-699.]
---> ¤ Lactobacillus salivarius Rogosa et al. 1953 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Li et al. 2006.
Note: According to Li et al. 2006, ¤ Lactobacillus salivarius comprises a single species with no infraspecific taxa.
Reference: LI (Y.), RAFTIS (E.), CANCHAYA (C.), FITZGERALD (G.F.), VAN SINDEREN (D.) and O'TOOLE (P.W.): Polyphasic analysis indicates that Lactobacillus salivarius subsp. salivarius and Lactobacillus salivarius subsp. salicinius do not merit separate subspecies status. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2397-2403.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus sanfranciscensis corrig. (ex Kline and Sugihara 1971) Weiss and Schillinger 1984, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain L-12 = ATCC 27651 = CCUG 30143 = CIP 103252 = DSM 20451 = JCM 5668 = LMG 16002 = NRRL B-3934.
Synonym: "Lactobacillus sanfrancisco" Kline and Sugihara 1971.
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 16. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 503-504. [WEISS (N.) and SCHILLINGER (U.): Lactobacillus sanfrancisco sp. nov., nom. rev. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1984, 5, 230-232.]
Validation List N° 16 in IJSB Online
Note: The original spelling of the specific epithet, sanfrancisco (sic), has been corrected by Trüper and De’ Clari 1997.
Reference: TRÜPER (H.G.) and DE’ CLARI (L.): Taxonomic note: Necessary correction of specific epithets formed as substantives (nouns) "in apposition". Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 908-909.
    
Lactobacillus satsumensis Endo and Okada 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain DSM 16230 = JCM 12392 = NRIC 0604.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. satsumensis, pertaining to Satsuma, old name for the southern part of Kyushu in Japan, from where the type strain was isolated.
Reference: ENDO (A.) and OKADA (S.): Lactobacillus satsumensis sp. nov., isolated from mashes of shochu, a traditional Japanese distilled spirit made from fermented rice and other starchy materials. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 83-85.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus secaliphilus Ehrmann et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain TMW 1.1309 = CCUG 53218 = DSM 17896.
GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ accession number for the 16S rRNA gene sequence of the type strain: AM279150.
Etymology: L. n. secale, rye; Gr. adj. philos, loving; N.L. masc. adj. secaliphilus, rye-loving.
Reference: EHRMANN (M.A.), BRANDT (M.), STOLZ (P.), VOGEL (R.F.) and KORAKLI (M.): Lactobacillus secaliphilus sp. nov., isolated from type II sourdough fermentation. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 745-750.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus senmaizukei Hiraga et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain L13 = NBRC 103853 = TISTR 1847.
GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ accession number for the 16S rRNA gene sequence of the type strain: AB297927.
Etymology: N.L. n. senmaizukeum, senmaizuke, a traditional fermented pickle; N.L. gen. n. senmaizukei, of senmaizuke, referring to the isolation of the type strain from a traditional fermented pickle produced in Kyoto, Japan.
Reference: HIRAGA (K.), UENO (Y.), SUKONTASING (S.), TANASUPAWAT (S.) and ODA (K.): Lactobacillus senmaizukei sp. nov., isolated from Japanese pickle. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1625-1629.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus sharpeae Weiss et al. 1982, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 49974 = CCUG 39466 = CIP 101266 = DSM 20505 = JCM 1186 = LMG 9214 = NRRL B-14855.
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 8. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 266-268. [WEISS (N.), SCHILLINGER (U.), LATERNSER (M.) and KANDLER (O.): Lactobacillus sharpeae sp. nov. and Lactobacillus agilis sp. nov., two new species of homofermentative, meso-diaminopimelic acid-containing lactobacilli. Zentralbl. Mikrobiol. Parasitenkd. Infektionskr. Hyg. Abt. 1 Orig., 1981, C2, 242-253.]
Validation List N° 8 in IJSB Online
    
Lactobacillus siliginis Aslam et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain M1-212 = KCTC 3985 = NBRC 101315.
Etymology: L. n. siligo -inis, a kind of very white wheat, fine wheaten flour; L. gen. n. siliginis, of flour, the source of the first strains.
Reference: ASLAM (Z.), IM (W.T.), TEN (L.N.), LEE (M.J.), KIM (K.H.) and LEE (S.T.): Lactobacillus siliginis sp. nov., isolated from wheat sourdough in South Korea. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2209-2213.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus sobrius Konstantinov et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain OTU171-001 = DSM 16698 = NCCB 100067.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. sobrius, sober, moderate, temperate; in Calvinism, referring to a hard working, invisible person.
Reference: KONSTANTINOV (S.R.), POZNANSKI (E.), FUENTES (S.), AKKERMANS (A.D.L.), SMIDT (H.) and DE VOS (W.M.): Lactobacillus sobrius sp. nov., abundant in the intestine of weaning piglets. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 29-32.
Original article in IJSEM Online
---> ¤ Lactobacillus amylovorus Nakamura 1981.
Note: According to Jakava-Viljanen et al. 2008, Lactobacillus sobrius Konstantinov et al. 2006 is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus amylovorus Nakamura 1981.
Reference: JAKAVA-VILJANEN (M.), MURROS (A.), PALVA (A.) and BJÖRKROTH (K.J.): Lactobacillus sobrius Konstantinov et al. 2006 is a later synonym of Lactobacillus amylovorus Nakamura 1981. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 910-913.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus spicheri Meroth et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain LTH 5753 = DSM 15429 = LMG 21871.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. spicheri, of Spicher, to honour Gottfried Spicher, a German researcher, who contributed to the chemical, microbial and technological characterization of wheat and rye sourdoughs.
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 97. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 631-632. [MEROTH (C.B.), HAMMES (W.P.) and HERTEL (C.): Characterisation of the microbiota of rice sourdoughs and description of Lactobacillus spicheri sp. nov. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2004, 27, 151-159.]
Validation List N° 97 in IJSEM Online
Note: The specific epithet spicheri is a N.L. gen. n., not a L. gen. n. as cited in the paper by Meroth et al.
    
Lactobacillus suebicus Kleynmans et al. 1989, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain I = ATCC 49375 = CCUG 32233 = CIP 103411 = DSM 5007 = JCM 9504 = LMG 11408.
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 31. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 495-497. [KLEYNMANS (U.), HEINZL (H.) and HAMMES (W.P.): Lactobacillus suebicus sp. nov., an obligately heterofermentative Lactobacillus species isolated from fruit mashes. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1989, 11, 267-271.]
Validation List N° 31 in IJSB Online
    
Lactobacillus suntoryeus Cachat and Priest 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain SA = LMG 22464 = NCIMB 14005.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. suntoryeus, belonging to Suntory, occuring in Suntory malt whisky fermentations.
Reference: CACHAT (E.) and PRIEST (F.G.): Lactobacillus suntoryeus sp. nov., isolated from malt whisky distilleries. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 31-34.
Original article in IJSEM Online
---> ¤ Lactobacillus helveticus (Orla-Jensen 1919) Bergey et al. 1925 (Approved Lists 1980).
Note: According to Naser et al. 2006, Lactobacillus suntoryeus Cachat and Priest 2005 is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus helveticus (Orla-Jensen 1919) Bergey et al. 1925 (Approved Lists 1980).
Reference: NASER (S.M.), HAGEN (K.E.), VANCANNEYT (M.), CLEENWERCK (I.), SWINGS (J.) and TOMPKINS (T.A.): Lactobacillus suntoryeus Cachat and Priest 2005 is a later synonym of Lactobacillus helveticus (Orla-Jensen 1919) Bergey et al. 1925 (Approved Lists 1980). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 355-360.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus thailandensis Tanasupawat et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain MCH5-2 = BCC 21235 = JCM 13996 = NRIC 0671.
GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ accession number for the 16S rRNA gene sequence of the type strain: AB257863.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. thailandensis, pertaining to Thailand, where the type strain was isolated.
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 116. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1371-1373. [TANASUPAWAT (S.), PAKDEETO (A.), THAWAI (C.), YUKPHAN (P.) and OKADA (S.): Identification of lactic acid bacteria from fermented tea leaves (miang) in Thailand and proposals of Lactobacillus thailandensis sp. nov., Lactobacillus camelliae sp. nov., and Pediococcus siamensis sp. nov. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 2007, 53, 7-15.]
Validation List N° 116 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online
Note: The specific epithet thailandensis is a "N.L. masc. adj.", not a "M.L. fem. adj." as cited in the effective publication.
    
Lactobacillus thermotolerans Niamsup et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain G 35 = CCUG 48824 = DSM 14792 = JCM 11425.
Etymology: Gr. n. thermê, heat; L. pres. part. tolerans, tolerating; N.L. part. adj. thermotolerans, heat-tolerating.
Reference: NIAMSUP (P.), SUJAYA (I.N.), TANAKA (M.), SONE (T.), HANADA (S.), KAMAGATA (Y.), LUMYONG (S.), ASSAVANIG (A.), ASANO (K.), TOMITA (F.) and YOKOTA (A.): Lactobacillus thermotolerans sp. nov., a novel thermotolerant species isolated from chicken faeces. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 263-268.
Original article in IJSEM Online
More information (in French)
---> ¤ Lactobacillus ingluviei Baele et al. 2003.
Note: According to Felis et al. 2006, Lactobacillus thermotolerans Niamsup et al. 2003 is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus ingluviei Baele et al. 2003.
Reference: FELIS (G.E.), VANCANNEYT (M.), SNAUWAERT (C.), SWINGS (J.), TORRIANI (S.), CASTIONI (A.) and DELLAGLIO (F.): Reclassification of Lactobacillus thermotolerans Niamsup et al. 2003 as a later synonym of Lactobacillus ingluviei Baele et al. 2003. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 793-795.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus trichodes Fornachon et al. 1949, species.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 27394.
Synonym: "Lactobacillus Type I" Fornachon 1943.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [FORNACHON (J.C.M.), DOUGLAS (H.C.) and VAUGHN (R.H.): Lactobacillus trichodes nov. spec., a bacterium causing spoilage in appetizer and dessert wines. Hilgardia, 1949, 19, 129-132.]
---> ¤ Lactobacillus fructivorans Charlton et al. 1934 (Approved Lists 1980).
Note: According to Weiss et al. 1983, Lactobacillus trichodes Fornachon et al. 1949 (Approved Lists 1980) is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus fructivorans Charlton et al. 1934 (Approved Lists 1980).
Reference: WEISS (N.), SCHILLINGER (U.) and KANDLER (O.): Lactobacillus trichodes, and Lactobacillus heterohiochii, subjective synonyms of Lactobacillus fructivorans. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1983, 4, 507-511.
    
Lactobacillus uli Olsen et al. 1991, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 49627 = CCUG 31166 = DSM 7084 = JCM 12494 = LMG 11480 = VPI D76D-27C.
Reference: OLSEN (I.), JOHNSON (J.L.), MOORE (L.V.H.) and MOORE (W.E.C.): Lactobacillus uli sp. nov. and Lactobacillus rimae sp. nov. from the human gingival crevice and emended descriptions of Lactobacillus minutus and Streptococcus parvulus. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1991, 41, 261-266.
Original article in IJSB Online
---> ¤ Olsenella uli (Olsen et al. 1991) Dewhirst et al. 2001, comb. nov.
    
Lactobacillus ultunensis Roos et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain Kx146C1 = CCUG 48460 = DSM 16047 = LMG 22117.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. ultunensis, pertaining to Ultuna, the site of Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences in Uppsala, Sweden.
Reference: ROOS (S.), ENGSTRAND (L.) and JONSSON (H.): Lactobacillus gastricus sp. nov., Lactobacillus antri sp. nov., Lactobacillus kalixensis sp. nov. and Lactobacillus ultunensis sp. nov., isolated from human stomach mucosa. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 77-82.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus vaccinostercus Kozaki and Okada 1983, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain X-94 = TUA 055B = ATCC 33310 = CCUG 30723 = CIP 102807 = DSM 20634 = JCM 1716 = LMG 9215 = NCIMB 11808 = NRIC 1075.
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 10. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 438-440. [OKADA (S.), SUZUKI (Y.) and KOZAKI (M.): A new heterofermentative Lactobacillus species with meso-diaminopimelic acid in peptidoglycan, Lactobacillus vaccinostercus Kozaki and Okada sp. nov. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 1979, 25, 215-221.]
Validation List N° 10 in IJSB Online
Note: On the validation list n° 10, the type strain ATCC 33310 is incorrectly cited as ATCC 3310.
Reference: Erratum. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 673.
---> Lactobacillus vaccinostercus Kozaki and Okada 1983 emend. Dellaglio et al. 2006.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain X-94 = TUA 055B = ATCC 33310 = CCUG 30723 = CIP 102807 = DSM 20634 = JCM 1716 = LMG 9215 = NCIMB 11808 = NRIC 1075.
Etymology: L. adj. vaccinus, pertaining to a cow; L. n. stercus, dung; N.L. masc. adj. vaccinostercus, from cow dung.
Reference: DELLAGLIO (F.), VANCANNEYT (M.), ENDO (A.), VANDAMME (P.), FELIS (G.E.), CASTIONI (A.), FUJIMOTO (J.), WATANABE (K.) and OKADA (S.): Lactobacillus durianis Leisner et al. 2002 is a later heterotypic synonym of Lactobacillus vaccinostercus Kozaki and Okada 1983. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1721-1724.
Original article in IJSEM Online
Note: According to Dellaglio et al. 2006, Lactobacillus vaccinostercus Kozaki and Okada 1983 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus durianis Leisner et al. 2002.
Reference: DELLAGLIO (F.), VANCANNEYT (M.), ENDO (A.), VANDAMME (P.), FELIS (G.E.), CASTIONI (A.), FUJIMOTO (J.), WATANABE (K.) and OKADA (S.): Lactobacillus durianis Leisner et al. 2002 is a later heterotypic synonym of Lactobacillus vaccinostercus Kozaki and Okada 1983. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1721-1724.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus vaginalis Embley et al. 1989, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 49540 = CCUG 31452 = CIP 105932 = DSM 5837 = JCM 9505 = LMG 12891 = NCTC 12197.
Reference: EMBLEY (T.M.), FAQUIR (N.), BOSSART (W.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Lactobacillus vaginalis sp. nov. from the human vagina. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 368-370.
Original article in IJSB Online
    
Lactobacillus versmoldensis Kröckel et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain KU-3 = ATCC BAA-478 = DSM 14857 = NCCB 100034.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. versmoldensis, pertaining to Versmold, the town in Germany where the strains were isolated.
Reference: KRÖCKEL (L.), SCHILLINGER (U.), FRANZ (C.M.A.P.), BANTLEON (A.) and LUDWIG (W.): Lactobacillus versmoldensis sp. nov., isolated from raw fermented sausage. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 513-517.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus vini Rodas et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain Mont 4 = CECT 5924 = DSM 20605 = JCM 14280.
Etymology: L. gen. n. vini, of wine.
Reference: RODAS (A.M.), CHENOLL (E.), MACIÁN (M.C.), FERRER (S.), PARDO (I.) and AZNAR (R.): Lactobacillus vini sp. nov., a wine lactic acid bacterium homofermentative for pentoses. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 513-517.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus viridescens Niven and Evans 1957, species.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 12706 = CCM 56 = BCRC (formerly CCRC) 11650 = CCUG 21533 = CCUG 30502 = CECT 283 = CIP 102810 = DSM 20410 = IAM 13546 = JCM 1174 = LMG 3507 = NCCB 71015 = NCIMB 8965 (formerly NCFB 1655, NCDO 1655) = NRIC 1536 = NRRL B-1951 = VKM B-1528.
Synonym: "Lactobacillus viridescens subsp. minor" Kandler and Albo-Elnaga 1966.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [NIVEN (C.F.) and EVANS (J.B.): Lactobacillus viridescens nov. spec. a heterofermentative species that produces a green discoloration of cured meat pigments. Journal of Bacteriology, 1957, 73, 758-759.]
Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, this nomenclatural name is incorrectly cited as Lactobacillus viridescens Kandler and Abo-Elnaga 1966 (sic).
Reference: HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511.
Original article in IJSB Online
---> ¤ Weissella viridescens (Niven and Evans 1957) Collins et al. 1994, comb. nov.
    
Lactobacillus vitulinus Sharpe et al. 1973, species.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 27783 = CCUG 32236 = CIP 103154 = DSM 20405 = JCM 1143 = LMG 18931 = NRRL B-14854.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [SHARPE (M.E.), LATHAM (M.J.), GARVIE (E.I.), ZIRNGIBL (J.) and KANDLER (O.): Two new species of Lactobacillus isolated from the bovine rumen, Lactobacillus ruminis sp. nov. and Lactobacillus vitulinus sp. nov. Journal of General Microbiology, 1973, 77, 37-49.]
    
Lactobacillus xylosus Kitahara 1938, species.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 15577 = LMG 7760.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [KITAHARA (K.): Studies in lactic acid-forming bacteria in milk and milk products. Journal of the Agricultural Chemical Society of Japan, 1938, 14, 1449-1465.]
---> ¤ Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis (Lister 1873) Schleifer et al. 1986, comb. nov.
    
Lactobacillus yamanashiensis (ex Nonomura et al. 1965) Nonomura 1983, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain 239 = ATCC 27304 = JCM 1153.
Synonym: "Lactobacillus yamanashiensis" Nonomura et al. 1965.
Reference: NONOMURA (H.): Lactobacillus yamanashiensis subsp. yamanashiensis and Lactobacillus yamanashiensis subsp. mali sp. and subsp. nov., nom. rev. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 406-407.
Original article in IJSB Online
Note: In the paper by Nonomura 1983 the type strain ATCC 27304 is incorrectly cited as ATCC 27340.
Reference: Erratum. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 675.
Erratum in IJSB Online
---> ¤ Lactobacillus mali Carr and Davies 1970 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Kaneuchi et al. 1988.
Note: According to Kaneuchi et al. 1988, Lactobacillus yamanashiensis (ex Nonomura et al. 1965) Nonomura 1983 is a later heterotypic synonym of Lactobacillus mali Carr and Davies 1970 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Kaneuchi et al. 1988.
Reference: KANEUCHI (C.), SEKI (M.) and KOMAGATA (K.): Taxonomic study of Lactobacillus mali Carr and Davis 1970 and related strains: validation of Lactobacillus mali Carr and Davis 1970 over Lactobacillus yamanashiensis Nonomura 1983. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 269-272.
Original article in IJSB Online
    
Lactobacillus yamanashiensis subsp. mali (Carr and Davies 1970) Nonomura 1983, comb. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 27053 = CCUG 30141 = CCUG 32228 = CIP 103142 = DSM 20444 = JCM 1116 = LMG 6899 = NBRC 102159 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 10560 = NRRL B-4563 = VKM B-1600.
Basonym: ¤ Lactobacillus mali Carr and Davies 1970 (Approved Lists 1980).
Reference: NONOMURA (H.): Lactobacillus yamanashiensis subsp. yamanashiensis and Lactobacillus yamanashiensis subsp. mali sp. and subsp. nov., nom. rev. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 406-407.
Original article in IJSB Online
---> ¤ Lactobacillus mali Carr and Davies 1970 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Kaneuchi et al. 1988.
Note: According to Kaneuchi et al. 1988, Lactobacillus yamanashiensis (ex Nonomura et al. 1965) Nonomura 1983 is a later heterotypic synonym of Lactobacillus mali Carr and Davies 1970 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Kaneuchi et al. 1988.
Reference: KANEUCHI (C.), SEKI (M.) and KOMAGATA (K.): Taxonomic study of Lactobacillus mali Carr and Davis 1970 and related strains: validation of Lactobacillus mali Carr and Davis 1970 over Lactobacillus yamanashiensis Nonomura 1983. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 269-272.
Original article in IJSB Online
    
Lactobacillus yamanashiensis subsp. yamanashiensis (ex Nonomura et al. 1965) Nonomura 1983, subsp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain 239 = ATCC 27304 = JCM 1153.
Synonym: "Lactobacillus yamanashiensis" Nonomura et al. 1965 emend. Nonomura and Ohara 1967.
Reference: NONOMURA (H.): Lactobacillus yamanashiensis subsp. yamanashiensis and Lactobacillus yamanashiensis subsp. mali sp. and subsp. nov., nom. rev. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 406-407.
Original article in IJSB Online
Note: In the paper by Nonomura 1983 the type strain ATCC 27304 is incorrectly cited as ATCC 27340.
Reference: Erratum. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 675.
---> ¤ Lactobacillus mali Carr and Davies 1970 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Kaneuchi et al. 1988.
Note: According to Kaneuchi et al. 1988, Lactobacillus yamanashiensis (ex Nonomura et al. 1965) Nonomura 1983 is a later heterotypic synonym of Lactobacillus mali Carr and Davies 1970 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Kaneuchi et al. 1988.
Reference: KANEUCHI (C.), SEKI (M.) and KOMAGATA (K.): Taxonomic study of Lactobacillus mali Carr and Davis 1970 and related strains: validation of Lactobacillus mali Carr and Davis 1970 over Lactobacillus yamanashiensis Nonomura 1983. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 269-272.
Original article in IJSB Online
    
Lactobacillus zeae (ex Kuznetsov 1959) Dicks et al. 1996, nom. rev., comb. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 15820 = CCUG 35515 = DSM 20178 = JCM 11302 = LMG 17315 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 9537.
Synonym: "Lactobacterium zeae" Kuznetsov 1959.
Reference: DICKS (L.M.T.), Du PLESSIS (E.M.), DELLAGLIO (F.) and LAUER (E.): Reclassification of Lactobacillus casei subsp. casei ATCC 393 and Lactobacillus rhamnosus ATCC 15820 as Lactobacillus zeae nom. rev., designation of ATCC 334 as the neotype of L. casei subsp. casei, and rejection of the name Lactobacillus paracasei. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 337-340.
Original article in IJSEM Online
Note: According to the Opinion 82 issued by the Judicial Commission, the name Lactobacillus zeae (ex Kuznetsov 1959) Dicks et al. 1996 is illegtimate (see the file Some problems with Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus paracasei and Lactobacillus zeae).
Reference: JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATICS OF PROKARYOTES: The type strain of Lactobacillus casei is ATCC 393, ATCC 334 cannot serve as the type because it represents a different taxon, the name Lactobacillus paracasei and its subspecies names are not rejected and the revival of the name ‘Lactobacillus zeae’ contravenes Rules 51b (1) and (2) of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria. Opinion 82. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1764-1765.
Opinion 82 in IJSEM Online
    Lactobacillus zymae Vancanneyt et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain R-18615 = CCM 7241 = CCUG 50163 = LMG 22198.
Etymology: N.L. n. zyma (from Gr. n. zumê), leaven, sourdough; N.L. gen. n. zymae, of sourdough.
Reference: VANCANNEYT (M.), NEYSENS (P.), DE WACHTER (M.), ENGELBEEN (K.), SNAUWAERT (C.), CLEENWERCK (I.), VAN DER MEULEN (R.), HOSTE (B.), TSAKALIDOU (E.), DE VUYST (L.) and SWINGS (J.): Lactobacillus acidifarinae sp. nov. and Lactobacillus zymae sp. nov., from wheat sourdoughs. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 615-620.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Lactobacillus Beijerinck 1901, genus. (Type genus of the family ¤ Lactobacillaceae Winslow et al. 1917 [Approved Lists 1980]; type genus of the tribe ¤ Lactobacilleae Winslow et al. 1920 [Approved Lists 1980]).
Type species: ¤ Lactobacillus delbrueckii (Leichmann 1896) Beijerinck 1901 (Approved Lists 1980).
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [BEIJERINCK (M.W.): Sur les ferments lactiques de l'industrie. Archives Néerlandaises des Sciences Exactes et Naturelles (Section 2), 1901, 6, 212-243.]
    
Lactobacillus acetotolerans Entani et al. 1986, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 43578 = CCUG 32229 = CIP 103180 = DSM 20749 = JCM 3825 = LMG 10751 = NBI 3014.
Reference: ENTANI (E.), MASAI (H.) and SUZUKI (K.I.): Lactobacillus acetotolerans, a new species from fermented vinegar broth. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 544-549.
Original article in IJSB Online
    
Lactobacillus acidifarinae Vancanneyt et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain R-19065 = CCM 7240 = CCUG 50162 = LMG 22200.
Etymology: L. adj. acidus, sour; L. n. farina, flour; N.L. gen. n. acidifarinae, of a sour flour.
Reference: VANCANNEYT (M.), NEYSENS (P.), DE WACHTER (M.), ENGELBEEN (K.), SNAUWAERT (C.), CLEENWERCK (I.), VAN DER MEULEN (R.), HOSTE (B.), TSAKALIDOU (E.), DE VUYST (L.) and SWINGS (J.): Lactobacillus acidifarinae sp. nov. and Lactobacillus zymae sp. nov., from wheat sourdoughs. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 615-620.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus acidipiscis Tanasupawat et al. 2000, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain FS60-1 = CCUG 46556 = CIP 106750 = HSCC 1411 = JCM 10692 = NBRC 102163 = NRIC 0300 = PCU 207 = TISTR 1386.
Reference: TANASUPAWAT (S.), SHIDA (O.), OKADA (S.) and KOMAGATA (K.): Lactobacillus acidipiscis sp. nov. and Weissella thailandensis sp. nov., isolated from fermented fish in Thailand. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1479-1485.
Original article in IJSEM Online
Note: According to Naser et al. 2006, Lactobacillus acidipiscis Tanasupawat et al. 2000 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus cypricasei Lawson et al. 2001.
Reference: NASER (S.M.), VANCANNEYT (M.), HOSTE (B.), SNAUWAERT (C.) and SWINGS (J.): Lactobacillus cypricasei Lawson et al. 2001 is a later heterotypic synonym of Lactobacillus acidipiscis Tanasupawat et al. 2000. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1681-1683.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus acidophilus (Moro 1900) Hansen and Mocquot 1970, species.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 4356 = CCUG 5917 = CIP 76.13 = DSM 20079 = IFO (now NBRC) 13951 = JCM 1132 = LMG 9433 = LMG 13550 = NCTC 12980 = NRRL B-4495 = VKM B-1660.
Synonyms: "Bacillus acidophilus" Moro 1900, "Thermobacterium intestinale" Orla-Jensen et al. 1936.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [1 MORO (E.): Über den Bacillus acidophilus n. sp. Jahrbuch fur Kinderheilkunde und physiche Erziehung, 1900, 52, 38-55. 2 HANSEN (P.A.) and MOCQUOT (G.): Lactobacillus acidophilus (Moro) comb. nov. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1970, 20, 325-327.]
    
Lactobacillus acidophilus Johnson et al. 1980, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 4356 = CCUG 5917 = CIP 76.13 = DSM 20079 = IFO (now NBRC) 13951 = JCM 1132 = LMG 9433 = LMG 13550 = NCTC 12980 = NRRL B-4495 = VKM B-1660.
Reference: JOHNSON (J.L.), PHELPS (C.F.), CUMMINS (C.S.), LONDON (J.) and GASSER (F.): Taxonomy of the Lactobacillus acidophilus group. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 53-68.
Original article in IJSB Online
Note: Lactobacillus acidophilus (Moro 1900) Hansen and Mocquot 1970 (Approved Lists 1980) has priority (Rule 24b).
    
Lactobacillus agilis Weiss et al. 1982, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain CIP 101264 = CCUG 31450 = DSM 20509 = JCM 1187 = LMG 9186 = NRRL B-14856.
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 8. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 266-268. [WEISS (N.), SCHILLINGER (U.), LATERNSER (M.) and KANDLER (O.): Lactobacillus sharpeae sp. nov. and Lactobacillus agilis sp. nov., two new species of homofermentative, meso-diaminopimelic acid-containing lactobacilli. Zentralbl. Mikrobiol. Parasitenkd. Infektionskr. Hyg. Abt. 1 Orig., 1981, C2, 242-253.]
Validation List N° 8 in IJSB Online
    
Lactobacillus algidus Kato et al. 2000, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain M6A9 = CIP 106688 = JCM 10491.
Reference: KATO (Y.), SAKALA (R.M.), HAYASHIDANI (H.), KIUCHI (A.), KANEUCHI (C.) and OGAWA (M.): Lactobacillus algidus sp. nov., a psychrophilic lactic acid bacterium isolated from vacuum-packaged refrigerated beef. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1143-1149.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus alimentarius (ex Reuter 1970) Reuter 1983, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 29643 = CCUG 30672 = CIP 102986 = DSM 20249 = JCM 1095 = LMG 9187.
Synonym: "Lactobacillus alimentarius" Reuter 1970.
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 11. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 672-674. [REUTER (G.): Lactobacillus alimentarius sp. nov., nom. rev. and Lactobacillus farciminis sp. nov., nom. rev. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1983, 4, 277-279.]
Validation List N° 11 in IJSB Online
    
Lactobacillus amylolyticus Bohak et al. 1999, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain LA 5 = CCUG 39901 = DSM 11664 = JCM 12529 = LMG 18796.
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 68. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 1-3. [BOHAK (I.), BACK (W.), RICHTER (L.), EHRMANN (M.), LUDWIG (W.) and SCHLEIFER (K.H.): Lactobacillus amylolyticus sp. nov., isolated from beer malt and beer wort. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1998, 21, 360-364.]
Validation List N° 68 Published with permission of the IJSEM Editorial Office
    
Lactobacillus amylophilus Nakamura and Crowell 1981, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 49845 = CCUG 30137 = CIP 102988 = DSM 20533 = IFO (now NBRC) 15881 = JCM 1125 = LMG 6900 = NCAIM B.01457 = NRRL B-4437 = NRRL B-4476.
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 6. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1981, 31, 215-218. [NAKAMURA (L.K.) and CROWELL (C.D.): Lactobacillus amylophilus, a new starch-hydrolyzing species from swine waste-corn fermentation. Dev. Ind. Microbiol., 1979, 20, 532-540.]
Validation List N° 6 in IJSB Online
    
Lactobacillus amylotrophicus Naser et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain DSM 20534 = JCM 1124 = LMG 11400 = NRRL B-4436.
Etymology: Gr. n. amulon, starch; N.L. adj. trophicus (from Gr. adj. trophikos), nursing, tending; N.L. masc. adj. amylotrophicus, growing on starch, pertaining to the ability to ferment starch.
Reference: NASER (S.M.), VANCANNEYT (M.), SNAUWAERT (C.), VRANCKEN (G.), HOSTE (B.), DE VUYST (L.) and SWINGS (J.): Reclassification of Lactobacillus amylophilus LMG 11400 and NRRL B-4435 as Lactobacillus amylotrophicus sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2523-2527.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus amylovorus Nakamura 1981, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 33620 = CCUG 27201 = CIP 102989 = DSM 20531 = JCM 1126 = LMG 9496 = NCAIM B.01458 = NRRL B-4540.
Reference: NAKAMURA (L.K.): Lactobacillus amylovorus, a new starch-hydrolyzing species from cattle waste-corn fermentations. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1981, 31, 56-63.
Original article in IJSB Online
Note: According to Jakava-Viljanen et al. 2008, Lactobacillus amylovorus Nakamura 1981 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus sobrius Konstantinov et al. 2006.
Reference: JAKAVA-VILJANEN (M.), MURROS (A.), PALVA (A.) and BJÖRKROTH (K.J.): Lactobacillus sobrius Konstantinov et al. 2006 is a later synonym of Lactobacillus amylovorus Nakamura 1981. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 910-913.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus animalis Dent and Williams 1983, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain 1535 = ATCC 35046 = CCUG 33906 = CIP 103152 = DSM 20602 = IFO (now NBRC) 15882 = JCM 5670 = LMG 9843 = NCIMB 13278 (formerly NCDO 2425) = NRRL B-14176.
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 10. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 438-440. [DENT (V.E.) and WILLIAMS (R.A.D.): Lactobacillus animalis sp. nov., a new species of Lactobacillus from the alimentary canal of animals. Zentralbl. Bakteriol. Parasitenkd. Infektionskr. Hyg. Abt. 1 Orig., 1982, C3, 377-386.]
Validation List N° 10 in IJSB Online
Note: According to the subcommittee on the taxonomy of Bifidobacterium, Lactobacillus and related organisms it seems necessary to verify the separate species status of Lactobacillus animalis Dent and Williams 1983.
References:
1 KAGERMEIER-CALLAWAY (A.S.): International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Bifidobacterium, Lactobacillus and related organisms. Minutes of the meetings, 4 and 6 July 1994, Prague, Czech Republic. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1391-1392.
Original article by Kagermeier-Callaway 2000 in IJSEM Online (PDF Format)
2 KLEIN (G.): International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Bifidobacterium, Lactobacillus and related organisms. Minutes of the meetings, 22 and 23 September 1999, Veldhoven, The Netherlands. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 259-261.
Original article by Klein 2001 in IJSEM Online (PDF Format)
    
Lactobacillus antri Roos et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain Kx146A4 = CCUG 48456 = DSM 16041 = LMG 22111.
Etymology: L. gen. n. antri, of a cave, cavern, grotto and, by extension, of the antrum region of the stomach.
Reference: ROOS (S.), ENGSTRAND (L.) and JONSSON (H.): Lactobacillus gastricus sp. nov., Lactobacillus antri sp. nov., Lactobacillus kalixensis sp. nov. and Lactobacillus ultunensis sp. nov., isolated from human stomach mucosa. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 77-82.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus apodemi Osawa et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ASB1 = CIP 108913 = DSM 16634.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. apodemi, of Apodemus, the genus name of the field mouse, Apodemus speciosus, from which the organism was first isolated.
Reference: OSAWA (R.), FUJISAWA (T.) and PUKALL (R.): Lactobacillus apodemi sp. nov., a tannase-producing species isolated from wild mouse faeces. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1693-1696.
Original article in IJSEM Online
More information (in French)
    
Lactobacillus arizonensis Swezey et al. 2000, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC BAA-171 = CCUG 45396 = CIP 106786 = DSM 13273 = JCM 11125 = NRRL B-14768.
Reference: SWEZEY (J.L.), NAKAMURA (L.K.), ABBOTT (T.P.) and PETERSON (R.E.): Lactobacillus arizonensis sp. nov., isolated from jojoba meal. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1803-1809.
Original article in IJSEM Online
---> ¤ Lactobacillus plantarum (Orla-Jensen 1919) Bergey et al. 1923 (Approved Lists 1980).
Note: According to Kostinek et al. 2005, Lactobacillus arizonensis Swezey et al. 2000, is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus plantarum (Orla-Jensen 1919) Bergey et al. 1923 (Approved Lists 1980).
Reference: KOSTINEK (M.), PUKALL (R.), ROONEY (A.P.), SCHILLINGER (U.), HERTEL (C.), HOLZAPFEL (W.H.) and FRANZ (C.M.A.P.): Lactobacillus arizonensis is a later heterotypic synonym of Lactobacillus plantarum. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 2485-2489.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus aviarius Fujisawa et al. 1985, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain 75 = ATCC 43234 = DSM 20655 = CCUG 32230 = CIP 103144 = JCM 5666 = LMG 10753 = NBRC 102162.
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 17. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 223-225. [FUJISAWA (T.), SHIRASAKA (S.), WATABE (J.) and MITSUOKA (T.): Lactobacillus aviarius sp. nov.: a new species isolated from the intestines of chickens. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1984, 5, 414-420.]
Validation List N° 17 in IJSB Online
Note: On the validation list n° 17, the type strain, strain 75 = DSM 20655 is incorrectly cited as ML2 = DSM 20653.
Reference: VALIDATION LIST N° 20, footnote d. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 354-356.
Validation List N° 20 in IJSB Online
    
Lactobacillus aviarius subsp. araffinosus Fujisawa et al. 1986, subsp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ML2 = ATCC 43235 = DSM 20653 = CCUG 32231 = CIP 103145 = JCM 5667.
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 20. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 354-356. [FUJISAWA (T.), SHIRASAKA (S.), WATABE (J.) and MITSUOKA (T.): Lactobacillus aviarius sp. nov.: a new species isolated from the intestines of chickens. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1984, 5, 414-420.]
Validation List N° 20 in IJSB Online
Note: This subspecies name was inadvertently omitted from validation list n° 17 and the effective date of validation is that of list n° 17 (April 1985).
Reference: ASSOCIATE EDITOR, IJSB: Validation list n° 20 (footnote d). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 354-356.
Validation List N° 20 in IJSB Online
    
Lactobacillus aviarius subsp. aviarius Fujisawa et al. 1985, subsp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain 75 = ATCC 43234 = DSM 20655 = CCUG 32230 = CIP 103144 = JCM 5666 = LMG 10753 = NBRC 102162.
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 20. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 354-356. [FUJISAWA (T.), SHIRASAKA (S.), WATABE (J.) and MITSUOKA (T.): Lactobacillus aviarius sp. nov.: a new species isolated from the intestines of chickens. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1984, 5, 414-420.]
Validation List N° 20 in IJSB Online
Note: This subspecies name was inadvertently omitted from validation list n° 17 and the effective date of validation is that of list n° 17 (April 1985).
Reference: ASSOCIATE EDITOR, IJSB: Validation list n° 20 (footnote d). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 354-356.
Validation List N° 20 in IJSB Online
    
Lactobacillus bavaricus Stetter and Stetter 1980, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 31063 = DSM 20269 = JCM 1129 = LMG 9844.
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 4. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 601 [STETTER (H.) and STETTER (K.O.): Lactobacillus bavaricus sp. nov., a new species of the subgenus Streptobacterium. Zentralbl. Bakteriol. Parasitenkd. Infektionskr. Hyg. Abt. 1 Orig. Reihe C, 1980, 1, 70-74.]
Validation List N° 4 in IJSB Online
---> ¤ Lactobacillus sakei corrig. Katagiri et al. 1934 (Approved Lists 1980).
Note: According to Kagermeier-Callaway and Lauer 1995, Lactobacillus bavaricus Stetter and Stetter 1980 is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus sakei corrig. Katagiri et al. 1934 (Approved Lists 1980).
Reference: KAGERMEIER-CALLAWAY (A.S.) and LAUER (E.): Lactobacillus sake Katagiri, Kitahara, and Fukami 1934 is the senior synonym for Lactobacillus bavaricus Stetter and Stetter 1980. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 398-399.
Original article in IJSB Online
---> ¤ Lactobacillus sakei corrig. Katagiri et al. 1934 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Klein et al. 1996.
---> ¤ Lactobacillus sakei subsp. sakei corrig. Katagiri et al. 1934, subsp. nov.
    
Lactobacillus bifermentans (ex Pette and van Beynum 1943) Kandler et al. 1983, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 35409 = CCUG 32234 = CIP 102811 = DSM 20003 = JCM 1094 = LMG 9845.
Synonym: "Lactobacillus bifermentans" Pette and van Beynum 1943.
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 12. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 896-897. [KANDLER (O.), SCHILLINGER (U.) and WEISS (N.): Lactobacillus bifermentans sp. nov., nom. rev., an organism forming CO2 and H2 from lactic acid. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1983, 4, 408-412.]
Validation List N° 12 in IJSB Online
    
Lactobacillus brevis (Orla-Jensen 1919) Bergey et al. 1934, species.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 14869 = CCUG 30670 = CIP 102806 = DSM 20054 = JCM 1059 = LMG 6906 = LMG 7944 = NRRL B-4527.
Synonyms: "Bacillus γ" von Freudenreich 1891, "Bacillus casei γ" von Freudenreich and Thöni 1904, "Betabacterium breve" Orla-Jensen 1919, "Lactobacterium breve" (Orla-Jensen 1919) Krasil’nikov 1949.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [1 ORLA-JENSEN (S.) (ed.): The lactic acid bacteria. Høst, Copenhagen, 1919, pp. 1-196. 2 BERGEY (D.H.), BREED (R.S.), HAMMER (B.W.), HUNTOON (F.M.), MURRAY (E.G.D.) and HARRISON (F.C.) (eds): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 4th ed., The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1934, pp. 1-664.]
    
Lactobacillus buchneri (Henneberg 1903) Bergey et al. 1923, species.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 4005 = CCUG 21532 = CIP 103023 = DSM 20057 = JCM 1115 = LMG 6892 = NCAIM B.01145 = NRRL B-1837 = VKM B-1599.
Synonyms: "Bacillus Buchneri" (sic) Henneberg 1903, "Bacterium buchneri" (Henneberg 1903) Henneberg 1926, "Ulvina buchneri" (Henneberg 1903) Pribram 1933, "Lactobacterium buchneri" (Henneberg 1903) Krasil’nikov 1949.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [1 HENNEBERG (W.): Zur Kenntniss der Milchsäure-bakterien der Brenneriemaische, der Milch, des Bieres, der Presshefe, der Melasse, der Sauerkohls, der sauren Gurken und des Sauerteigs, sowie einige Bemerkungen über die Milchsäurebakterien des menschlichen Magens. Zeitschrift fur Spiritusindustrie, 1903, 26, 329-332. 2 BERGEY (D.H.), HARRISON (F.C.), BREED (R.S.), HAMMER (B.W.) and HUNTOON (F.M.) (eds): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 1st ed., The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1923, pp. 1-442.]
    
Lactobacillus bulgaricus (Orla-Jensen 1919) Rogosa and Hansen 1971, species.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 11842 = CCUG 41390 = CIP 101027 = DSM 20081 = IFO (now NBRC) 13953 = JCM 1002 = LMG 6901 = LMG 13551 = NCTC 12712 = VKM B-1923.
Synonym: "Thermobacterium bulgaricum" Orla-Jensen 1919.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [1 ORLA-JENSEN (S.) (ed.): The lactic acid bacteria. Høst, Copenhagen, 1919, pp. 1-196. 2 ROGOSA (M.) and HANSEN (P.A.): Nomenclatural considerations of certain species of Lactobacillus Beijerinck. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1971, 21, 177-186.]
---> ¤ Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus (Orla-Jensen 1919) Weiss et al. 1984, comb. nov.
    
Lactobacillus camelliae Tanasupawat et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain MCH3-1 = BCC 21233 = JCM 13995 = NRIC 0672.
GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ accession number for the 16S rRNA gene sequence of the type strain: AB257864.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. camelliae, of Camellia sinensis, isolated from fermented tea leaves.
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 116. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1371-1373. [TANASUPAWAT (S.), PAKDEETO (A.), THAWAI (C.), YUKPHAN (P.) and OKADA (S.): Identification of lactic acid bacteria from fermented tea leaves (miang) in Thailand and proposals of Lactobacillus thailandensis sp. nov., Lactobacillus camelliae sp. nov., and Pediococcus siamensis sp. nov. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 2007, 53, 7-15.]
Validation List N° 116 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online
    
Lactobacillus carnis Shaw and Harding 1986, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain LV61 = JCM 9135 = LMG 9840 = NCIMB 12234 (formerly NCDO 2764).
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 20. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 354-356. [SHAW (B.G.) and HARDING (C.D.): Atypical lactobacilli from vacuum-packaged meats: composition by DNA hybridization, cell composition and biochemical tests with a description of Lactobacillus carnis sp. nov. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1985, 6, 291-297.]
Validation List N° 20 in IJSB Online
---> ¤ Carnobacterium piscicola (Hiu et al. 1984) Collins et al. 1987.
Note: According to Collins et al. 1987, Lactobacillus carnis Shaw and Harding 1986 is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus piscicola Hiu et al. 1984 which is transfered to the genus ¤ Carnobacterium Collins et al. 1987 as ¤ Carnobacterium piscicola (Hiu et al. 1984) Collins et al. 1987.
Reference: COLLINS (M.D.), FARROW (J.A.E.), PHILLIPS (B.A.), FERUSU (S.) and JONES (D.): Classification of Lactobacillus divergens, Lactobacillus piscicola, and some catalase-negative, asporogenous, rod-shaped bacteria from poultry in a new genus, Carnobacterium. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1987, 37, 310-316.
Original article in IJSB Online
---> ¤ Carnobacterium maltaromaticum (Miller et al. 1974) Mora et al. 2003, comb. nov.
Note: According to Mora et al. 2003, ¤ Carnobacterium piscicola (Hiu et al. 1984) Collins et al. 1987 is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus maltaromicus Miller et al. 1974 (Approved Lists 1980) which is transfered to the genus ¤ Carnobacterium Collins et al. 1987 as ¤ Carnobacterium maltaromaticum (Miller et al. 1974) Mora et al. 2003.
Reference: MORA (D.), SCARPELLINI (M.), FRANZETTI (L.), COLOMBO (S.) and GALLI (A.): Reclassification of Lactobacillus maltaromicus (Miller et al. 1974) DSM 20342T and DSM 20344 and Carnobacterium piscicola (Collins et al. 1987) DSM 20730T and DSM 20722 as Carnobacterium maltaromaticum comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 675-678.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus casei (Orla-Jensen 1916) Hansen and Lessel 1971, species.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain Orla-Jensen 7 ("Streptobacterium casei") = Hucker03 = OrlandL-323 = Tittsler303 = ATCC 393 = BCRC (formerly CCRC) 10697 = CECT 475 = CIP 103137 = DSM 20011 = IAM 12473 = JCM 1134 = KCTC 3109 = LMG 6904 = NBRC (formerly IFO) 15883 = NCIMB 11970 (NCDO 161) = NRRL B-1922.
Synonyms: "Bacillus α" von Freudenreich 1890, "Bacillus α" von Freudenreich 1891, "Bacillus casei α" von Freudenreich and Thöni 1904, "Caseobacterium vulgare" Orla-Jensen 1916, "Bacterium casei α" Orla-Jensen 1916, "Streptobacterium casei" Orla-Jensen 1919, "Lactobacillus casei" Bergey et al. 1923, "Lactobacterium casei" (Orla-Jensen 1916) Krasil’nikov 1949.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [1 ORLA-JENSEN (S.): Maelkeri-Bakteriologi. Schønberske Forlag, Copenhagen, 1916. 2 HANSEN (P.A.) and LESSEL (E.F.): Lactobacillus casei (Orla Jensen) comb. nov. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1971, 21, 69-71.]
Note: See the file Some problems with Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus paracasei and Lactobacillus zeae.
    
Lactobacillus casei subsp. alactosus Mills and Lessel 1973, subspecies.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 27216 = JCM 1133 = LMG 9438.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [MILLS (C.K.) and LESSEL (E.F.): Designation and description of the type strain of Lactobacillus casei subsp. alactosus Rogosa et al. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1973, 23, 67-68.]
---> ¤ Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. paracasei Collins et al. 1989.
Reference: COLLINS (M.D.), PHILLIPS (B.A.) and ZANONI (P.): Deoxyribonucleic acid homology studies of Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus paracasei sp. nov., subsp. paracasei and subsp. tolerans, and Lactobacillus rhamnosus sp. nov., comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 105-108.
Original article in IJSB Online
Note: The type strain of Lactobacillus casei subsp. alactosus is transferred in the subspecies Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. paracasei. So, according to Rule 37a, the name Lactobacillus casei subsp. alactosus must be changed to Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. paracasei.
    
Lactobacillus casei subsp. casei (Orla-Jensen 1916) Hansen and Lessel 1971, subspecies.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 393 = BCRC (formerly CCRC) 10697 = CCUG 21451 = CECT 475 = CIP 103137 = DSM 20011 = IAM 12473 = IFO (now NBRC) 15883 = JCM 1134 = KCTC 3109 = LMG 6904 = NCIMB 11970 = NRRL B-1922.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [1 ORLA-JENSEN (S.): Maelkeri-Bakteriologi. Schønberske Forlag, Copenhagen, 1916. 2 HANSEN (P.A.) and LESSEL (E.F.): Lactobacillus casei (Orla Jensen) comb. nov. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1971, 21, 69-71.]
Notes:
1 See the file Some problems with Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus paracasei and Lactobacillus zeae.
2 If an author accepts the transfer of Lactobacillus casei subsp. alactosus Mills and Lessel 1973 (Approved Lists 1980) in the subspecies Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. paracasei Collins et al. 1989, and the transfer of Lactobacillus casei subsp. pseudoplantarum Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965 (Approved Lists 1980) in the subspecies Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. paracasei Collins et al. 1989, and the transfer of Lactobacillus casei subsp. tolerans Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965 (Approved Lists 1980) in the subspecies Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. tolerans (Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965) Collins et al. 1989, and the elevation of Lactobacillus casei subsp. rhamnosus Hansen 1968 to full species status, then Lactobacillus casei subsp. casei (Orla-Jensen 1916) Hansen and Lessel 1971 should thereafter be designated simply as Lactobacillus casei (Orla-Jensen 1916) Hansen and Lessel 1971 (Approved Lists 1980).
    
Lactobacillus casei subsp. pseudoplantarum Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965, subspecies.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 25598 = JCM 1181 = LMG 9192.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [ABO-ELNAGA (I.G.) and KANDLER (O.): Zur Taxonomie der Gattung Lactobacillus Beijerinck. I. Das Subgenus Streptobacterium Orla-Jensen. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II, 1965, 119, 1-36.]
---> ¤ Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. paracasei Collins et al. 1989.
Reference: COLLINS (M.D.), PHILLIPS (B.A.) and ZANONI (P.): Deoxyribonucleic acid homology studies of Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus paracasei sp. nov., subsp. paracasei and subsp. tolerans, and Lactobacillus rhamnosus sp. nov., comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 105-108.
Original article in IJSB Online
Note: The type strain of Lactobacillus casei subsp. pseudoplantarum is transferred in the subspecies Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. paracasei. So, according to Rule 37a, the name Lactobacillus casei subsp. pseudoplantarum must be changed to Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. paracasei.
    
Lactobacillus casei subsp. rhamnosus Hansen 1968, subspecies.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 7469 = CCUG 21452 = CIP A157 = DSM 20021 = IFO (now NBRC) 3425 = JCM 1136 = LMG 6400 = NCAIM B.01147 = NCCB 46033 = NCIMB 6375 (formerly NCDO 243) = NCTC 12953 = NRRL B-442 = VKM B-574.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [HANSEN (P.A.): Type strains of Lactobacillus species. A report by the Taxonomic Subcommittee on Lactobacilli and Closely Related Organisms. American Type Culture Collection, Rockville, Maryland, 1968, p 76.]
---> ¤ Lactobacillus rhamnosus (Hansen 1968) Collins et al. 1989, comb. nov.
    
Lactobacillus casei subsp. tolerans Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965, subspecies.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 25599 = CCUG 34829 = CIP 102994 = CIP 103024 = DSM 20258 = IFO (now NBRC) 15906 = JCM 1171 = LMG 9191 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 9709 (formerly NCDO 2742, NCFB 2774).
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [ABO-ELNAGA (I.G.) and KANDLER (O.): Zur Taxonomie der Gattung Lactobacillus Beijerinck. I. Das Subgenus Streptobacterium Orla-Jensen. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II, 1965, 119, 1-36.]
Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names and on the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names (Amended Edition), the page numbers of the effective publication are cited as 1-39.
---> ¤ Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. tolerans (Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965) Collins et al. 1989, comb. nov.
    
Lactobacillus catenaformis corrig. (Eggerth 1935) Moore and Holdeman 1970, species.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 25536 = CCUG 48174 = CIP 104817 = DSM 20559 = JCM 1121.
Synonyms: "Bacteroides catenaformis" Eggerth 1935, "Catenabacterium catenaforme" (Eggerth 1935) Prévot 1938.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [1 EGGERTH (A.H.): The gram-positive non-spore-bearing anaerobic bacilli of human feces. Journal of Bacteriology, 1935, 30, 277-299. 2 MOORE (W.E.C.) and HOLDEMAN (L.V.): Propionibacterium, Arachnia, Actinomyces, Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium. In: E.P. CATO, C.S. CUMMINS, L.V. HOLDEMAN, J.L. JOHNSON, W.E.C. MOORE, R.M. SMIBERT and L.D.S. SMITH (eds): Outline of Clinical Methods in Anaerobic Bacteriology, 2nd revision, Virginia Polytechnic Institute, Anaerobe Laboratory, Blacksburg, Virginia, 1970, pp. 15-22.]
Note: The original spelling of the specific epithet, catenaforme (sic), has been corrected by Hill et al. 1984.
Reference: HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511.
Original article in IJSB Online
    
Lactobacillus cellobiosus Rogosa et al. 1953, species.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 11739 = CIP 102981 = DSM 20055 = JCM 1137 = JCM 12530 = LMG 9846 = NRRL B-1840.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [ROGOSA (M.), WISEMAN (R.F.), MITCHELL (J.A.) and DISRAELY (M.N.): Species differentiation of oral lactobacilli from man including descriptions of Lactobacillus salivarius nov. spec. and Lactobacillus cellobiosus nov. spec. Journal of Bacteriology, 1953, 65, 681-699.]
Notes:
1 The CIP accession number of the type strain of Lactobacillus cellobiosus has been changed from CIP 105933 to CIP 102981.
Reference: CLERMONT (D.): Personal communication (April 10, 2002).
2 Because of high phenotypic similarities and complete DNA-DNA homology, Lactobacillus cellobiosus Rogosa et al. 1953 (Approved Lists 1980) was often regarded as a biovar of ¤ Lactobacillus fermentum Beijerinck 1901 (Approved Lists 1980). In May 2004, Dellaglio et al. proposed that ¤ Lactobacillus fermentum Beijerinck 1901 (Approved Lists 1980) be an earlier heterotypic synonym of Lactobacillus cellobiosus Rogosa et al. 1953 (Approved Lists 1980); Cf. infra.
References:
1 KANDLER (O.) and WEISS (N.): Genus Lactobacillus Beijerinck 1901, 212AL. In: P.H.A. SNEATH, N.S. MAIR, M.E. SHARPE and J.G. HOLT (eds.), Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, first edition, vol. 2, The Williams & Wilkins Co., Baltimore, 1986, pp. 1209-1234.
2 DELLAGLIO (F.), TORRIANI (S.) and FELIS (G.E.): Reclassification of Lactobacillus cellobiosus Rogosa et al. 1953 as a later synonym of Lactobacillus fermentum Beijerinck 1901. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 809-812.
Original article by Dellaglio et al. 2004 in IJSEM Online
---> ¤ Lactobacillus fermentum Beijerinck 1901 (Approved Lists 1980).
Note: According to Dellaglio et al. 2004, Lactobacillus cellobiosus Rogosa et al. 1953 (Approved Lists 1980) is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus fermentum Beijerinck 1901 (Approved Lists 1980).
Reference: DELLAGLIO (F.), TORRIANI (S.) and FELIS (G.E.): Reclassification of Lactobacillus cellobiosus Rogosa et al. 1953 as a later synonym of Lactobacillus fermentum Beijerinck 1901. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 809-812.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus ceti Vela et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain 142-2 = CCUG 53626 = CECT 7185.
GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ accession number for the 16S rRNA gene sequence of the type strain: AM292799.
Etymology: L. gen. n. ceti, of a whale.
Reference: VELA (A.I.), FERNANDEZ (A.), ESPINOSA DE LOS MONTEROS (A.), GOYACHE (J.), HERRAEZ (P.), TAMES (B.), CRUZ (F.), DOMÍNGUEZ (L.) and FERNÁNDEZ-GARAYZÁBAL (J.F.): Lactobacillus ceti sp. nov., isolated from beaked whales (Ziphius cavirostris). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 891-894.
Original article in IJSEM Online
More information (in French)
    
Lactobacillus coleohominis Nikolaitchouk et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain CCUG 44007 = CIP 106820 = DSM 14060 = JCM 11550.
Reference: NIKOLAITCHOUK (N.), WACHER (C.), FALSEN (E.), ANDERSCH (B.), COLLINS (M.D.) and LAWSON (P.A.): Lactobacillus coleohominis sp. nov., isolated from human sources. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 2081-2085.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus collinoides Carr and Davies 1972, species.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 27612 = CCUG 32259 = CIP 103008 = DSM 20515 = JCM 1123 = LMG 9194.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [CARR (J.G.) and DAVIES (P.A.): The ecology and classification of strains of Lactobacillus collinoides nov. spec.: A bacterium commonly found in fermenting apple juice. Journal of Applied Bacteriology, 1972, 35, 463-471.]
    
Lactobacillus composti Endo and Okada 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain DSM 18527 = JCM 14202 = NRIC 0689.
GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ accession number for the 16S rRNA gene sequence of the type strain: AB268118.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. composti, of compost, from which the type strain was isolated.
Reference: ENDO (A.) and OKADA (S.): Lactobacillus composti sp. nov., a lactic acid bacterium isolated from a compost of distilled shochu residue. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 870-872.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus concavus Tong and Dong 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain C-5-1 = AS 1.5017 = JCM 14153 = LMG 22739.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. concavus, curved, referring to the curved shape of the strains.
Reference: TONG (H.) and DONG (X.): Lactobacillus concavus sp. nov., isolated from the walls of a distilled spirit fermenting cellar in China. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 2199-2202.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus confusus (Holzapfel and Kandler 1969) Sharpe et al. 1972, species.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain TCC 10881 = ATCC 10881 = BCRC (formerly CCRC) 14002 = CCUG 30113 = CIP 103172 = CIP 54.169 = DSM 20196 = JCM 1093 = LMG 9497 = NCIMB 9311 (formerly NCDO 1586) = NRRL B-1064.
Synonym: "Lactobacillus coprophilus subsp. confusus" Holzapfel and Kandler 1969.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [1 HOLZAPFEL (W.) and KANDLER (O.): Zur Taxonomie der Gattung Lactobacillus Beijerinck. VI. Lactobacillus coprophilus subsp. confusus nov. subsp., eine neue Unterart der Untergattung Betabacterium. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. AbteilungII, 1969, 123, 657-666. 2 SHARPE (M.E.), GARVIE (E.I.) and TILBURY (R.): Some slime-forming heterofermentative species of the genus Lactobacillus. Applied Microbiology, 1972, 23, 389-397.]
---> ¤ Weissella confusa (Holzapfel and Kandler 1969) Collins et al. 1994, comb. nov.
    
Lactobacillus coryniformis Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965, species.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 25602 = CIP 103133 = DSM 20001 = CCUG 30666 = JCM 1164 = LMG 9196 = NRRL B-4391.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [ABO-ELNAGA (I.G.) and KANDLER (O.): Zur Taxonomie der Gattung Lactobacillus Beijerinck. I. Das Subgenus Streptobacterium Orla-Jensen. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II, 1965, 119, 1-36.]
    
Lactobacillus coryniformis subsp. coryniformis Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965, subspecies.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 25602 = CIP 103133 = DSM 20001 = CCUG 30666 = JCM 1164 = LMG 9196 = NRRL B-4391.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [ABO-ELNAGA (I.G.) and KANDLER (O.): Zur Taxonomie der Gattung Lactobacillus Beijerinck. I. Das Subgenus Streptobacterium Orla-Jensen. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II, 1965, 119, 1-36.]
    
Lactobacillus coryniformis subsp. torquens Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965, subspecies.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 25600 = CCUG 30667 = CIP 103134 = DSM 20004 = JCM 1166 = LMG 9197 = NRRL B-4390.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [ABO-ELNAGA (I.G.) and KANDLER (O.): Zur Taxonomie der Gattung Lactobacillus Beijerinck. I. Das Subgenus Streptobacterium Orla-Jensen. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II, 1965, 119, 1-36.]
    
Lactobacillus crispatus (Brygoo and Aladame 1953) Moore and Holdeman 1970, species.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 33820 = CCUG 30722 = CIP 102990 = CIPP II = DSM 20584 = JCM 1185 = LMG 9479 = VPI 3199.
Synonym: "Eubacterium crispatum" Brygoo and Aladame 1953.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [1 BRYGOO (E.R.) and ALADAME (N.): Étude d'une espèce nouvelle anaérobie stricte du genre Eubacterium: E. crispatum n. sp. Annales de l'Institut Pasteur (Paris), 1953, 84, 640-641. 2 MOORE (W.E.C.) and HOLDEMAN (L.V.): Propionibacterium, Arachnia, Actinomyces, Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium. In: E.P. CATO, C.S. CUMMINS, L.V. HOLDEMAN, J.L. JOHNSON, W.E.C. MOORE, R.M. SMIBERT and L.D.S. SMITH (eds): Outline of Clinical Methods in Anaerobic Bacteriology, 2nd revision, Virginia Polytechnic Institute, Anaerobe Laboratory, Blacksburg, Virginia, 1970, pp. 15-22.]
Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names and on the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names (Amended Edition), the page numbers of the paper by Cato et al. are cited as 15-21.
---> Lactobacillus crispatus (Brygoo and Aladame 1953) Moore and Holdeman 1970 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Cato et al. 1983.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 33820 = CCUG 30722 = CIP 102990 = CIPP II = DSM 20584 = JCM 1185 = LMG 9479 = VPI 3199.
Reference: CATO (E.P.), MOORE (W.E.C.) and JOHNSON (J.L.): Synonymy of strains of "Lactobacillus acidophilus" group A2 (Johnson et al. 1980) with the type strain of Lactobacillus crispatus (Brygoo and Aladame 1953) Moore and Holdeman 1970. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 426-428.
Original article in IJSB Online
    
Lactobacillus crustorum Scheirlinck et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain CCUG 53174 = LMG 23699.
GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ accession number for the 16S rRNA gene sequence of the type strain: AM285450.
Etymology: L. gen. pl. n. crustorum, of breads/cakes.
Reference: SCHEIRLINCK (I.), VAN DER MEULEN (R.), VAN SCHOOR (A.), HUYS (G.), VANDAMME (P.), DE VUYST (L.) and VANCANNEYT (M.): Lactobacillus crustorum sp. nov., isolated from two traditional Belgian wheat sourdoughs. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1461-1467.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus curvatus (Troili-Petersson 1903) Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965, species.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 25601 = CCUG 30669 = CIP 102992 = DSM 20019 = IFO (now NBRC) 15884 = JCM 1096 = LMG 9198 = LMG 13553 = NRRL B-4562.
Synonym: "Bacterium curvatum" Troili-Petersson 1903.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [1 TROILI-PETERSSON (G.): Studien über die Mikroorganismen des schwedischen güterkäses. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II, 1903, 11, 120-143. 2 ABO-ELNAGA (I.G.) and KANDLER (O.): Zur Taxonomie der Gattung Lactobacillus Beijerinck. I. Das Subgenus Streptobacterium Orla-Jensen. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II, 1965, 119, 1-36.]
---> Lactobacillus curvatus (Troili-Petersson 1903) Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Klein et al. 1996.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 25601 = CCUG 30669 = CIP 102992 = DSM 20019 = IFO (now NBRC) 15884 = JCM 1096 = LMG 9198 = LMG 13553 = NRRL B-4562.
Reference: KLEIN (G.), DICKS (L.M.T.), PACK (A.), HACK (B.), ZIMMERMANN (K.), DELLAGLIO (F.) and REUTER (G.): Emended descriptions of Lactobacillus sake (Katagiri, Kitahara, and Fukami) and Lactobacillus curvatus (Abo-Elnaga and Kandler): numerical classification revealed by protein fingerprinting and identification based on biochemical patterns and DNA-DNA hybridizations. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 367-376.
Original article in IJSB Online
Note: Subsequently, this species has been divided into subspecies (see: below).
    
Lactobacillus curvatus subsp. curvatus (Troili-Petersson 1903) Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965, subsp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 25601 = CCUG 30669 = CIP 102992 = DSM 20019 = IFO (now NBRC) 15884 = JCM 1096 = LMG 9198 = LMG 13553 = NRRL B-4562.
Reference: TORRIANI (S.), VAN REENEN (C.A.), KLEIN (G.), REUTER (G.), DELLAGLIO (F.) and DICKS (L.M.T.): Lactobacillus curvatus subsp. curvatus subsp. nov. and Lactobacillus curvatus subsp. melibiosus subsp. nov. and Lactobacillus sake subsp. sake subsp. nov. and Lactobacillus sake subsp. carnosus subsp. nov., new subspecies of Lactobacillus curvatus Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965 and Lactobacillus sake Katagiri, Kitahara, and Fukami 1934 (Klein et al. 1996, emended descriptions), respectively. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 1158-1163.
Original article in IJSEM Online
Notes:
1 The subspecies name Lactobacillus curvatus subsp. curvatus (Troili-Petersson 1903) Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965 is automatically created by the valid publication of Lactobacillus curvatus subsp. melibiosus Torriani et al. 1996 [Rule 40d (formerly Rule 46)].
2 In the paper by Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965, the type strain is erroneously cited as ATCC 15601 (sic).
3 If an author accepts that ¤ Lactobacillus curvatus subsp. melibiosus Torriani et al. 1996 is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus sakei subsp. carnosus corrig. Torriani et al. 1996, then Lactobacillus curvatus subsp. curvatus (Troili-Petersson 1903) Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965 should thereafter be designated simply as ¤ Lactobacillus curvatus (Troili-Petersson 1903) Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965 (Approved Lists 1980).
    
Lactobacillus curvatus subsp. melibiosus Torriani et al. 1996, subsp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain R 60 = CCUG 34545 = CCUG 41580.
Reference: TORRIANI (S.), VAN REENEN (C.A.), KLEIN (G.), REUTER (G.), DELLAGLIO (F.) and DICKS (L.M.T.): Lactobacillus curvatus subsp. curvatus subsp. nov. and Lactobacillus curvatus subsp. melibiosus subsp. nov. and Lactobacillus sake subsp. sake subsp. nov. and Lactobacillus sake subsp. carnosus subsp. nov., new subspecies of Lactobacillus curvatus Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965 and Lactobacillus sake Katagiri, Kitahara, and Fukami 1934 (Klein et al. 1996, emended descriptions), respectively. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 1158-1163.
Original article in IJSEM Online
---> ¤ Lactobacillus sakei subsp. carnosus corrig. Torriani et al. 1996.
Note: According to Koort et al. 2004, Lactobacillus curvatus subsp. melibiosus Torriani et al. 1996 is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus sakei subsp. carnosus corrig. Torriani et al. 1996.
Reference: KOORT (J.), VANDAMME (P.), SCHILLINGER (U.), HOLZAPFEL (W.) and BJÖRKROTH (J.): Lactobacillus curvatus subsp. melibiosus is a later synonym of Lactobacillus sakei subsp. carnosus. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 1621-1626.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus cypricasei Lawson et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain LMK3 = ATCC BAA-288 = CCUG 42961 = CIP 106393 = DSM 15353 = JCM 11551 = NBRC 102164.
Reference: LAWSON (P.A.), PAPADEMAS (P.), WACHER (C.), FALSEN (E.), ROBINSON (R.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Lactobacillus cypricasei sp. nov., isolated from Halloumi cheese. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 45-49.
Original article in IJSEM Online
---> ¤ Lactobacillus acidipiscis Tanasupawat et al. 2000.
Note: According to Naser et al. 2006, Lactobacillus cypricasei Lawson et al. 2001 is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus acidipiscis Tanasupawat et al. 2000.
Reference: NASER (S.M.), VANCANNEYT (M.), HOSTE (B.), SNAUWAERT (C.) and SWINGS (J.): Lactobacillus cypricasei Lawson et al. 2001 is a later heterotypic synonym of Lactobacillus acidipiscis Tanasupawat et al. 2000. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1681-1683.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus delbrueckii (Leichmann 1896) Beijerinck 1901, species. (Type species of the genus).
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 9649 = CCUG 34222 = CIP 57.8 = DSM 20074 = IFO (now NBRC) 3202 = JCM 1012 = LMG 6412 = NCIMB 8130 (formerly NCDO 213) = NRRL B-763 = VKM B-1596.
Synonyms: "Bacillus Delbrücki" (sic) Leichmann 1896, "Bacillus acidificans longissimus" Lafar 1896, "Bacterium delbrücki" (sic) (Leichmann 1896) Migula 1900, "Lactobacillus delbrücki" (sic) (Leichmann 1896) Beijerinck 1901, "Thermobacterium cereale" Orla-Jensen 1919, "Lactobacterium delbrücki" (sic) (Leichmann 1896) van Steenberge 1920, "Ulvina delbrücki" (sic) (Leichmann 1896) Pribram 1933, "Plocamobacterium delbrücki" (sic) (Leichmann 1896) Pribram 1933.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [1 LEICHMANN (G.): Über die im Brennereiprozess bei der Bereitung der Kunsthefe auftretende spontane Milchsäuregärung. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II, 1896, 2, 281-285. 2 BEIJERINCK (M.W.): Sur les ferments lactiques de l'industrie. Archives Néerlandaises des Sciences Exactes et Naturelles (Section 2), 1901, 6, 212-243.]
Notes:
1 In the judicial Opinion 38, this name is cited as Lactobacillus delbrueckii Beijerinck 1901.
Reference: LAPAGE (S.P.), SNEATH (P.H.A.), LESSEL (E.F.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.), SEELIGER (H.P.R.) and CLARK (W.A.): International code of nomenclature of bacteria (1990 revision), American Society for Microbiology, Washington, D.C., 1992, p. 103.
2 Subsequently, this species has been divided into subspecies (see: below).
    
Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus (Orla-Jensen 1919) Weiss et al. 1984, comb. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 11842 = CCUG 41390 = CIP 101027 = DSM 20081 = IFO (now NBRC) 13953 = JCM 1002 = LMG 6901 = LMG 13551 = NCTC 12712 = VKM B-1923.
Basonym: ¤ Lactobacillus bulgaricus (Orla-Jensen 1919) Rogosa and Hansen 1971 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonym: "Thermobacterium bulgaricum" Orla-Jensen 1919.
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 14. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 270-271. [WEISS (N.), SCHILLINGER (U.) and KANDLER (O.): Lactobacillus lactis, Lactobacillus leichmannii and Lactobacillus bulgaricus subjective synonyms of Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. lactis comb. nov. and Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus comb. nov. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1983, 4, 552-557.]
Validation List N° 14 in IJSB Online
    
Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. delbrueckii (Leichmann 1896) Beijerinck 1901, subsp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 9649 = CCUG 34222 = CIP 57.8 = DSM 20074 = IFO (now NBRC) 3202 = JCM 1012 = LMG 6412 = NCIMB 8130 (formerly NCDO 213) = NRRL B-763 = VKM B-1596.
Reference: HOWEY (R.T.), LOCK (C.M.) and MOORE (L.V.H.): Subspecies names automatically created by Rule 46. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 317-319.
Original article in IJSB Online
Note: The subspecies name Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. delbrueckii (Leichmann 1896) Beijerinck 1901 is automatically created by the valid publication of Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus (Orla-Jensen 1919) Weiss et al. 1984 and the valid publication of Lactobacillus delbruckii subsp. lactis (Orla-Jensen 1919) Weiss et al. 1984 [Rule 40d (formerly Rule 46)].
    
Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. indicus Dellaglio et al. 2005, subsp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain NCC725 = CCUG 51390 = DSM 15996 = LMG 22083.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. indicus, of India, Indian.
Reference: DELLAGLIO (F.), FELIS (G.E.), CASTIONI (A.), TORRIANI (S.) and GERMOND (J.E.): Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. indicus subsp. nov., isolated from Indian dairy products. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 401-404.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. lactis (Orla-Jensen 1919) Weiss et al. 1984, comb. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 12315 = CCUG 31454 = CIP 101028 = DSM 20072 = JCM 1248 = LMG 7942 = NBRC 102622 = NRRL B-4525.
Basonym: ¤ Lactobacillus lactis (Orla-Jensen 1919) Bergey et al. 1934 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonyms: "Bacillus lactis acidi" Leichmann 1896, "Bacterium lactis acidi" (Leichmann 1896) Leichmann 1896, "Thermobacterium lactis" Orla-Jensen 1919, "Lactobacillus lactis-acidi" (Leichmann 1896) Bergey et al. 1923, "Lactobacterium caucasicum var. lactis" (Orla-Jensen 1919) Krasil’nikov 1949.
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 14. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 270-271. [WEISS (N.), SCHILLINGER (U.) and KANDLER (O.): Lactobacillus lactis, Lactobacillus leichmannii and Lactobacillus bulgaricus subjective synonyms of Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. lactis comb. nov. and Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus comb. nov. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1983, 4, 552-557.]
Validation List N° 14 in IJSB Online
Note: According to Weiss et al. 1983, Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. lactis (Orla-Jensen 1919) Weiss et al. 1984 and ¤ Lactobacillus leichmannii (Henneberg 1903) Bergey et al. 1923 (Approved Lists 1980) are heterotypic synonyms.
Reference: WEISS (N.), SCHILLINGER (U.) and KANDLER (O.): Lactobacillus lactis, Lactobacillus leichmannii and Lactobacillus bulgaricus subjective synonyms of Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. lactis comb. nov. and Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus comb. nov. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1983, 4, 552-557.
    
Lactobacillus diolivorans Krooneman et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain JKD6 = DSM 14421 = JCM 12183 = LMG 19667.
Reference: KROONEMAN (J.), FABER (F.), ALDERKAMP (A.C.), OUDE ELFERINK (S.J.H.W.), DRIEHUIS (F.), CLEENWERCK (I.), SWINGS (J.), GOTTSCHAL (J.C.) and VANCANNEYT (M.): Lactobacillus diolivorans sp. nov., a 1,2-propanediol-degrading bacterium isolated from aerobically stable maize silage. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 639–646.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus divergens Holzapfel and Gerber 1984, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain 66 = ATCC 35677 = CCUG 30094 = CIP 101029 = DSM 20623 = IFO (now NBRC) 15683 = JCM 5816 = JCM 9133 = LMG 9199 = NCIMB 11952 (formerly NCDO 2763).
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 14. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 270-271. [HOLZAPFEL (W.H.) and GERBER (E.S.): Lactobacillus divergens sp. nov., a new heterofermentative Lactobacillus species producing L(+)-lactate. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1983, 4, 522-534.]
Validation List N° 14 in IJSB Online
---> ¤ Carnobacterium divergens (Holzapfel and Gerber 1984) Collins et al. 1987, comb. nov.
    
Lactobacillus durianis Leisner et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain CCUG 45405 = JCM 12184 = LMG 19193.
Reference: LEISNER (J.J.), VANCANNEYT (M.), LEFEBVRE (K.), VANDEMEULEBROECKE (K.), HOSTE (B.), EURAS VILALTA (N.), RUSUL (G.) and SWINGS (J.): Lactobacillus durianis sp. nov., isolated from an acid-fermented condiment (tempoyak) in Malaysia. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 927-931.
Original article in IJSEM Online
Note: The specific epithet is a "N.L. gen. n.", not a "N.L. adj." as cited by Leisner et al. 2002.
---> ¤ Lactobacillus vaccinostercus Kozaki and Okada 1983.
Note: According to Dellaglio et al. 2006, Lactobacillus durianis Leisner et al. 2002 is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus vaccinostercus Kozaki and Okada 1983.
Reference: DELLAGLIO (F.), VANCANNEYT (M.), ENDO (A.), VANDAMME (P.), FELIS (G.E.), CASTIONI (A.), FUJIMOTO (J.), WATANABE (K.) and OKADA (S.): Lactobacillus durianis Leisner et al. 2002 is a later heterotypic synonym of Lactobacillus vaccinostercus Kozaki and Okada 1983. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1721-1724.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus equi Morotomi et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain YIT 0455 = ATCC BAA-261 = CCUG 47129 = JCM 10991.
Reference: MOROTOMI (M.), YUKI (N.), KADO (Y.), KUSHIRO (A.), SHIMAZAKI (T.), WATANABE (K.) and YUYAMA (T.): Lactobacillus equi sp. nov., a predominant intestinal Lactobacillus species of the horse isolated from faeces of healthy horses. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 211-214.
Original article in IJSEM Online
More information (in French)
    
Lactobacillus equigenerosi Endo et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain DSM 18793 = JCM 14505 = NRIC 0697.
GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ accession number for the 16S rRNA gene sequence of the type strain: AB288050.
Etymology: L. n. equus, a horse; L. adj. generosus, of noble birth, well-bred; N.L. gen. n. equigenerosi, of a thoroughbred horse.
Reference: ENDO (A.), ROOS (S.), SATOH (E.), MORITA (H.) and OKADA (S.): Lactobacillus equigenerosi sp. nov., a coccoid species isolated from faeces of thoroughbred racehorses. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 914-918.
Original article in IJSEM Online
More information (in French)
    
Lactobacillus farraginis Endo and Okada 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain DSM 18382 = JCM 14108 = NRIC 0676.
GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ accession number for the 16S rRNA gene sequence of the type strain: AB262731.
Etymology: L. gen. n. farraginis, of mash, pertaining to shochu mash, an ingredient of a compost material from which the type strain was isolated.
Reference: ENDO (A.) and OKADA (S.): Lactobacillus farraginis sp. nov. and Lactobacillus parafarraginis sp. nov., heterofermentative lactobacilli isolated from a compost of distilled shochu residue. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 708-712.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus farciminis (ex Reuter 1970) Reuter 1983, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 29644 = DSM 20184 = CCUG 30671 = CIP 103136 = JCM 1097 = LMG 9200 = NRRL B-4566.
Synonym: "Lactobacillus farciminis" Reuter 1970.
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 11. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 672-674. [REUTER (G.): Lactobacillus alimentarius sp. nov., nom. rev. and Lactobacillus farciminis sp. nov., nom. rev. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1983, 4, 277-279.]
Validation List N° 11 in IJSB Online
    
Lactobacillus ferintoshensis Simpson et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain R7-84 = CIP 106749 = JCM 12511.
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 86. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1075-1076. [SIMPSON (K.L.), PETTERSSON (B.) and PRIEST (F.G.): Characterization of lactobacilli from Scotch malt whisky distilleries and description of Lactobacillus ferintoshensis sp. nov., a new species isolated from malt whisky fermentations. Microbiology, 2001, 147, 1007-1016.]
Validation List N° 86 in IJSEM Online (PDF Format)
Note: According to Rules 27(3) and 30, this name is not validly published, because the original publication makes reference to the deposit of the type strain in a single recognized culture collection. However, according to the Judicial Opinion 81, Lactobacillus ferintoshensis Simpson et al. 2002 is considered to be validly published, since deposit in a second culture collection in a different country has been documented.
References:
1 EUZÉBY (J.P.) and TINDALL (B.J.): Status of strains that contravene Rules 27(3) and 30 of the Bacteriological Code. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 293-301.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATICS OF PROKARYOTES: Status of strains that contravene Rules 27 (3) and 30 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria. Opinion 81. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1755-1763.
Opinion 81 in IJSEM Online
---> ¤ Lactobacillus parabuchneri Farrow et al. 1989.
Note: According to Vancanneyt et al. 2005, Lactobacillus ferintoshensis Simpson et al. 2002, is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus parabuchneri Farrow et al. 1989.
Reference: VANCANNEYT (M.), ENGELBEEN (K.), DE WACHTER (M.), VANDEMEULEBROECKE (K.), CLEENWERCK (I.) and SWINGS (J.): Reclassification of Lactobacillus ferintoshensis as a later heterotypic synonym of Lactobacillus parabuchneri. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 2195-2198.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus fermentum Beijerinck 1901, species.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 14931 = CCUG 30138 = CIP 102980 = DSM 20052 = IFO (now NBRC) 15885 = JCM 1173 = LMG 6902 = NCCB 46038 = NCIMB 11840 (formerly NCDO 1750) = NRRL B-4524.
Synonyms: "Bacillus δ" von Freudenreich 1895, "Bacillus casei δ" von Freudenreich and Thöni 1904, "Lactobacterium fermentum" (Beijerinck 1901) van Steenberge 1920.
Etymology: L. neut. n. fermentum (nominative in apposition), that which causes fermentation, leaven, ferment.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [BEIJERINCK (M.W.): Sur les ferments lactiques de l'industrie. Archives Néerlandaises des Sciences Exactes et Naturelles (Section 2), 1901, 6, 212-243.]
Note: Because of high phenotypic similarities and complete DNA-DNA homology, ¤ Lactobacillus cellobiosus Rogosa et al. 1953 (Approved Lists 1980) was often regarded as a biovar of Lactobacillus fermentum Beijerinck 1901 (Approved Lists 1980). In May 2004, Dellaglio et al. proposed that Lactobacillus fermentum Beijerinck 1901 (Approved Lists 1980) be an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus cellobiosus Rogosa et al. 1953 (Approved Lists 1980); Cf. infra.
References:
1 KANDLER (O.) and WEISS (N.): Genus Lactobacillus Beijerinck 1901, 212AL. In: P.H.A. SNEATH, N.S. MAIR, M.E. SHARPE and J.G. HOLT (eds.), Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, first edition, vol. 2, The Williams & Wilkins Co., Baltimore, 1986, pp. 1209-1234.
2 DELLAGLIO (F.), TORRIANI (S.) and FELIS (G.E.): Reclassification of Lactobacillus cellobiosus Rogosa et al. 1953 as a later synonym of Lactobacillus fermentum Beijerinck 1901. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 809-812.
Original article by Dellaglio et al. 2004 in IJSEM Online
---> Lactobacillus fermentum Beijerinck 1901 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Dellaglio et al. 2004.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 14931 = CCUG 30138 = CIP 102980 = DSM 20052 = IFO (now NBRC) 15885 = JCM 1173 = LMG 6902 = NCCB 46038 = NCIMB 11840 (formerly NCDO 1750) = NRRL B-4524.
Synonyms: "Bacillus δ" von Freudenreich 1895, "Bacillus casei δ" von Freudenreich and Thöni 1904, "Lactobacterium fermentum" (Beijerinck 1901) van Steenberge 1920.
Etymology: L. neut. n. fermentum (nominative in apposition), that which causes fermentation, leaven, ferment.
Reference: DELLAGLIO (F.), TORRIANI (S.) and FELIS (G.E.): Reclassification of Lactobacillus cellobiosus Rogosa et al. 1953 as a later synonym of Lactobacillus fermentum Beijerinck 1901. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 809-812.
Original article in IJSEM Online
Notes:
1 In the paper by Dellaglio et al. 2004, the type strain NCIMB 11840 is cited as NCDO 1750 (sic).
2 According to Dellaglio et al. 2004, Lactobacillus fermentum Beijerinck 1901 (Approved Lists 1980) is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus cellobiosus Rogosa et al. 1953 (Approved Lists 1980).
Reference: DELLAGLIO (F.), TORRIANI (S.) and FELIS (G.E.): Reclassification of Lactobacillus cellobiosus Rogosa et al. 1953 as a later synonym of Lactobacillus fermentum Beijerinck 1901. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 809-812.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus fornicalis Dicks et al. 2000, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain TV 1018 = ATCC 700934 = CCUG 43621 = CIP 106679 = DSM 13171 = JCM 12512.
Reference: DICKS (L.M.T.), SILVESTER (M.), LAWSON (P.A.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Lactobacillus fornicalis sp. nov., isolated from the posterior fornix of the human vagina. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1253-1258.
Original article in IJSEM Online
Note: According to the CCUG, the type strain ATCC 700934 = CCUG 43621 = CIP 106679 = DSM 13171 does not fit the sequence published in the Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1253-1258.
Reference: Culture Collection, University of Göteborg (CCUG).
    
Lactobacillus fructivorans Charlton et al. 1934, species.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 8288 = CCUG 32260 = CIP 103042 = DSM 20203 = IFO (now NBRC) 13954 = JCM 1117 = LMG 9201 = NRRL B-1841.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [CHARLTON (D.B.), NELSON (M.E.) and WERKMAN (C.H.): Physiology of Lactobacillus fructivorans sp. nov. isolated from spoiled salad dressing. Iowa State Journal of Science, 1934, 9, 1-11.]
Note: According to Weiss et al. 1983, Lactobacillus fructivorans Charlton et al. 1934 (Approved Lists 1980) is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus heterohiochii Kitahara et al. 1957 (Approved Lists 1980), and an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus trichodes Fornachon et al. 1949 (Approved Lists 1980).
Reference: WEISS (N.), SCHILLINGER (U.) and KANDLER (O.): Lactobacillus trichodes, and Lactobacillus heterohiochii, subjective synonyms of Lactobacillus fructivorans. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1983, 4, 507-511.
    
Lactobacillus fructosus Kodama 1956, species.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 13162 = CCUG 32246 = CIP 102985 = DSM 20349 = IFO (now NBRC) 3516 = JCM 1119 = LMG 9498 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 10784 = NRIC 1058 = NRRL B-2041.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [KODAMA (R.): Studies on the nutrition of lactic acid bacteria. Part I. Lactobacillus fructosus nov. sp., a new species of lactic acid bacteria. Journal of the Agricultural Chemical Society of Japan, 1956, 30, 705-708.]
---> ¤ Leuconostoc fructosum (Kodama 1956) Antunes et al. 2002, comb. nov.
---> ¤ Fructobacillus fructosus (Kodama 1956) Endo and Okada 2008, comb. nov.
    
Lactobacillus frumenti Müller et al. 2000, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain TMW 1.666 = CIP 106922 = DSM 13145 = JCM 11122 = LMG 19473.
Reference: MÜLLER (M.R.A.), EHRMANN (M.A.) and VOGEL (R.F.): Lactobacillus frumenti sp. nov., a new lactic acid bacterium isolated from rye-bran fermentations with a long fermentation period. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2000, 50, 2127-2133.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus fuchuensis Sakala et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain B5M10 = CCUG 47133 = DSM 14340 = JCM 11249.
Reference: SAKALA (R.M.), KATO (Y.), HAYASHIDANI (H.), MURAKAMI (M.), KANEUCHI (C.) and OGAWA (M.): Lactobacillus fuchuensis sp. nov., isolated from vacuum-packaged refrigerated beef. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1151-1154.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus gallinarum Fujisawa et al. 1992, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 33199 = CCUG 30724 = CIP 103611 = DSM 10532 = JCM 2011 = LMG 9435 = VPI 1294.
Reference: FUJISAWA (T.), BENNO (Y.), YAESHIMA (T.) and MITSUOKA (T.): Taxonomic study of the Lactobacillus acidophilus group, with recognition of Lactobacillus gallinarum sp. nov. and Lactobacillus johnsonii sp. nov. and synonymy of Lactobacillus acidophilus group A3 (Johnson et al. 1980) with the type strain of Lactobacillus amylovorus (Nakamura 1981). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1992, 42, 487-491.
Original article in IJSB Online
    
Lactobacillus gasseri Lauer and Kandler 1980, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain 63 AM of Gasser = ATCC 33323 = CCUG 31451 = CIP 102991 = DSM 20243 = JCM 1131 = LMG 9203 = NRRL B-14168 = NRRL B-4240.
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 4. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 601. [LAUER (E.) and KANDLER (O.): Lactobacillus gasseri sp. nov., a new species of the subgenus Thermobacterium. Zentralbl. Bakteriol. Parasitenkd. Infektionskr. Hyg. Abt. 1 Orig. Reihe C, 1980, 1, 75-78.]
Validation List N° 4 in IJSB Online
    
Lactobacillus gastricus Roos et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain Kx156A7 = CCUG 48454 = DSM 16045 = LMG 22113.
GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ accession number for the 16S rRNA gene sequence of the type strain: AY253658.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. gastricus, of the stomach.
Reference: ROOS (S.), ENGSTRAND (L.) and JONSSON (H.): Lactobacillus gastricus sp. nov., Lactobacillus antri sp. nov., Lactobacillus kalixensis sp. nov. and Lactobacillus ultunensis sp. nov., isolated from human stomach mucosa. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 77-82.
Original article in IJSEM Online
---> Lactobacillus gastricus Roos et al. 2005 emend. Endo et al. 2008.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain Kx156A7 = CCUG 48454 = DSM 16045 = LMG 22113.
GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ accession number for the 16S rRNA gene sequence of the type strain: AY253658.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. gastricus, of the stomach.
Reference: ENDO (A.), ROOS (S.), SATOH (E.), MORITA (H.) and OKADA (S.): Lactobacillus equigenerosi sp. nov., a coccoid species isolated from faeces of thoroughbred racehorses. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 914-918.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus ghanensis Nielsen et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain L489 = CCUG 53453 = DSM 18630.
GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ accession number for the 16S rRNA gene sequence of the type strain: DQ523489.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. ghanensis, pertaining to Ghana, where the micro-organism was first isolated.
Reference: NIELSEN (D.S.), SCHILLINGER (U.), FRANZ (C.M.A.P.), BRESCIANI (J.), AMOA-AWUA (W.), HOLZAPFEL (W.H.) and JAKOBSEN (M.): Lactobacillus ghanensis sp. nov., a motile lactic acid bacterium isolated from Ghanaian cocoa fermentations. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1468-1472.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus graminis Beck et al. 1989, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain G90 (1) = ATCC 51150 = CCUG 32238 = CIP 105164 = DSM 20719 = JCM 9503 = LMG 9825 = NRRL B-14857.
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 28. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 93-94. [BECK (R.), WEISS (N.) and WINTER (J.): Lactobacillus graminis sp. nov., a new species of facultatively heterofermentative lactobacilli surviving at low pH in grass silage. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1988, 10, 279-283.]
Validation List N° 28 in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus halotolerans (ex Reuter 1970) Kandler et al. 1983, nom. rev., comb. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain R61 = ATCC 35410 = BCRC (formerly CCRC) 14050 = CCUG 33457 = CECT 573 = CIP 103005 = DSM 20190 = JCM 1114 = LMG 9469 = NRIC 1627.
Synonym: "Lactobacillus viridescens subsp. halotolerans" Reuter 1970.
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 11. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 672-674. [KANDLER (O.), SCHILLINGER (U.) and WEISS (N.): Lactobacillus halotolerans sp. nov. nom. rev. and Lactobacillus minor sp. nov., nom. rev. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1983, 4, 280-285.]
Validation List N° 11 in IJSB Online
---> ¤ Weissella halotolerans (Kandler et al. 1983) Collins et al. 1994, comb. nov.
    
Lactobacillus hammesii Valcheva et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain LP38 = TMW 1.1236 = CCUG 51325 = CIP 108387 = DSM 16381.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. hammesii, of Hammes, in honour of Walter P. Hammes, a German scientist who contributed to the microbiological and technological development of wheat and rye sourdough research.
Reference: VALCHEVA (R.), KORAKLI (M.), ONNO (B.), PRÉVOST (H.), IVANOVA (I.), EHRMANN (M.A.), DOUSSET (X.), GÄNZLE (M.G.) and VOGEL (R.F.): Lactobacillus hammesii sp. nov., isolated from French sourdough. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 763-767.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus hamsteri Mitsuoka and Fujisawa 1988, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain Ha5F1 = ATCC 43851 = CCUG 30726 = CIP 103365 = DSM 5661 = JCM 6256 = LMG 10754.
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 25. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 220-222. [MITSUOKA (T.) and FUJISAWA (T.): Lactobacillus hamsteri, a new species from the intestine of hamsters. Proc. Jpn. Acad. Ser. B Phys. Biol. Sci., 1987, 63, 269-272.]
Validation List N° 25 in IJSB Online
    
Lactobacillus harbinensis Miyamoto et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain AHU 1762 = DSM 16991 = NBRC 100982 = SBT 10908.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. harbinensis, pertaining to Harbin, a city in northeastern China where traditional fermented vegetables are prepared and consumed.
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 107. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1-6. [MIYAMOTO (M.), SETO (Y.), HAO (D.H.), TESHIMA (T.), SUN (Y.B.), KABUKI (T.), YAO (L.B.) and NAKAJIMA (H.): Lactobacillus harbinensis sp. nov., consisted of strains isolated from traditional fermented vegetables ‘Suan cai’ in Harbin, Northeastern China and Lactobacillus perolens DSM 12745. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2005, 28, 688-694.]
Validation List N° 107 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online
Note: The culture collection accession number NBRC 100982 has been provided on request for validation.
Reference: LISTS EDITOR, IJSEM: Validation list n° 107 (footnote ††). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1-6.
Validation List N° 107 in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus hayakitensis Morita et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain KBL13 = DSM 18933 = JCM 14209.
GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ accession number for the 16S rRNA gene sequence of the type strain: AB267406.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. hayakitensis, of Hayakita, which is the name of the area where the bacterium was originally isolated.
Reference: MORITA (H.), SHIRATORI (C.), MURAKAMI (M.), TAKAMI (H.), KATO (Y.), ENDO (A.), NAKAJIMA (F.), TAKAGI (M.), AKITA (H.), OKADA (S.) and MASAOKA (T.): Lactobacillus hayakitensis sp. nov., isolated from intestines of healthy thoroughbreds. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 2836-2839.
Original article in IJSEM Online
More information (in French)
    
Lactobacillus helveticus (Orla-Jensen 1919) Bergey et al. 1925, species.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 15009 = CCUG 30139 = CIP 103146 = DSM 20075 = IFO (now NBRC) 15019 = JCM 1120 = LMG 6413 = LMG 13555 = NRRL B-4526.
Synonyms: "Bacillus ε" von Freudenreich 1895, "Bacillus casei ε" von Freudenreich and Thöni 1904, "Caseobacterium ε" Orla-Jensen 1909, "Thermobacterium helveticum" Orla-Jensen 1919, "Lactobacillus helveticum" (sic) (Orla-Jensen 1919) Bergey et al. 1925, "Plocamobacterium helveticum" (Orla-Jensen 1919) Pribram 1933, "Lactobacterium helveticum" (Orla-Jensen 1919) Krasil’nikov 1949.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [1 ORLA-JENSEN (S.) (ed.): The lactic acid bacteria. Høst, Copenhagen, 1919, pp. 1-196. 2 BERGEY (D.H.), HARRISON (F.C.), BREED (R.S.), HAMMER (B.W.) and HUNTOON (F.M.) (eds): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 2nd ed., The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1925, pp. 1-462.]
Note: According to Naser et al. 2006, Lactobacillus helveticus (Orla-Jensen 1919) Bergey et al. 1925 (Approved Lists 1980) is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus suntoryeus Cachat and Priest 2005.
Reference: NASER (S.M.), HAGEN (K.E.), VANCANNEYT (M.), CLEENWERCK (I.), SWINGS (J.) and TOMPKINS (T.A.): Lactobacillus suntoryeus Cachat and Priest 2005 is a later synonym of Lactobacillus helveticus (Orla-Jensen 1919) Bergey et al. 1925 (Approved Lists 1980). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 355-360.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus heterohiochii Kitahara et al. 1957, species.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 15435 = IAM H1.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [KITAHARA (K.), KANEKO (T.) and GOTO (O.): Taxonomic studies on the hiochi-bacteria, specific saprophytes of sake. II. Identification and classification of hiochi-bacteria. Journal of General and Applied Microbiology, 1957, 3, 111-120.]
---> ¤ Lactobacillus fructivorans Charlton et al. 1934 (Approved Lists 1980).
Note: According to Weiss et al. 1983, Lactobacillus heterohiochii Kitahara et al. 1957 (Approved Lists 1980) is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus fructivorans Charlton et al. 1934 (Approved Lists 1980).
Reference: WEISS (N.), SCHILLINGER (U.) and KANDLER (O.): Lactobacillus trichodes, and Lactobacillus heterohiochii, subjective synonyms of Lactobacillus fructivorans. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1983, 4, 507-511.
    
Lactobacillus hilgardii Douglas and Cruess 1936, species.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 8290 = CCUG 30140 = CIP 103007 = DSM 20176 = IFO (now NBRC) 15886 = JCM 1155 = LMG 6895 = NRRL B-1843.
Synonym: "Lactobacillus Type II" Fornachon 1943.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [DOUGLAS (H.C.) and CRUESS (W.V.): A Lactobacillus from California wine: Lactobacillus hilgardii. Food Research, 1936, 1, 113-119.]
    
Lactobacillus homohiochii Kitahara et al. 1957, species.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 15434 = CCUG 32247 = CIP 103141 = DSM 20571 = IFO (now NBRC) 15887 = JCM 1199 = JCM 7793 = LMG 9478 = NRRL B-4559.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [KITAHARA (K.), KANEKO (T.) and GOTO (O.): Taxonomic studies on the hiochi-bacteria, specific saprophytes of sake. II. Identification and classification of hiochi-bacteria. Journal of General and Applied Microbiology, 1957, 3, 111-120.]
    
Lactobacillus hordei Rouse et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain UCC128 = DSM 19519 = LMG 24241.
GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ accession number for the 16S rRNA gene sequence of the type strain: EU074850.
Etymology: L. gen. neut. n. hordei, of/from barley.
Reference: ROUSE (S.), CANCHAYA (C.) and VAN SINDEREN (D.): Lactobacillus hordei sp. nov., a bacteriocinogenic strain isolated from malted barley. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 2013-2017.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus iners Falsen et al. 1999, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain CCUG 28746 = CIP 105923 = DSM 13335 = JCM 12513 = LMG 18914.
Reference: FALSEN (E.), PASCUAL (C.), SJÖDÉN (B.), OHLÉN (M.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Phenotypic and phylogenetic characterization of a novel Lactobacillus species from human sources: description of Lactobacillus iners sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 217-221.
Original article in IJSEM Online
Note: Lactobacillus iners Falsen et al. 1999 was previously known as Lactobacillus sp. EF (Enevold Falsen) group 47.
    
Lactobacillus ingluviei Baele et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain KR3 = CCUG 45722 = JCM 12531 = LMG 20380.
Etymology: L. n. ingluvies, crop sac; L. gen. n. ingluviei, of a crop sac.
Reference: BAELE (M.), VANCANNEYT (M.), DEVRIESE (L.A.), LEFEBVRE (K.), SWINGS (J.) and HAESEBROUCK (F.): Lactobacillus ingluviei sp. nov., isolated from the intestinal tract of pigeons. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 133-136.
Original article in IJSEM Online
Note: According to Felis et al. 2006, Lactobacillus ingluviei Baele et al. 2003 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus thermotolerans Niamsup et al. 2003. The descriptions of these two taxa are very similar and, according to Felis et al. 2006, it is not necessary to consider an emended description of Lactobacillus ingluviei Baele et al. 2003.
Reference: FELIS (G.E.), VANCANNEYT (M.), SNAUWAERT (C.), SWINGS (J.), TORRIANI (S.), CASTIONI (A.) and DELLAGLIO (F.): Reclassification of Lactobacillus thermotolerans Niamsup et al. 2003 as a later synonym of Lactobacillus ingluviei Baele et al. 2003. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 793-795.
Original article in IJSEM Online
More information (in French)
    
Lactobacillus intestinalis (ex Hemme 1974) Fujisawa et al. 1990, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain Th4 = ATCC 49335 = CCUG 30727 = CIP 104793 = DSM 6629 = JCM 7548 = LMG 14196.
Synonym: "Lactobacillus intestinalis" Hemme 1974.
Reference: FUJISAWA (T.), ITOH (K.), BENNO (Y.) and MITSUOKA (T.): Lactobacillus intestinalis (ex Hemme 1974) sp. nov., nom. rev., isolated from the intestines of mice and rats. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 302-304.
Original article in IJSB Online
    
Lactobacillus jensenii Gasser et al. 1970, species.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 25258 = CCUG 21961 = CCUG 35572 = CIP 69.17 = DSM 20557 = JCM 1146 = LMG 6414 = NRRL B-4550.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [GASSER (F.), MANDEL (M.) and ROGOSA (M.): Lactobacillus jensenii sp. nov., a new representative of the subgenus Thermobacterium. Journal of General and Applied Microbiology, 1970, 62, 219-222.]
    
Lactobacillus johnsonii Fujisawa et al. 1992, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 33200 = CCUG 30725 = CIP 103620 = DSM 10533 = JCM 2012 = VPI 7960.
Reference: FUJISAWA (T.), BENNO (Y.), YAESHIMA (T.) and MITSUOKA (T.): Taxonomic study of the Lactobacillus acidophilus group, with recognition of Lactobacillus gallinarum sp. nov. and Lactobacillus johnsonii sp. nov. and synonymy of Lactobacillus acidophilus group A3 (Johnson et al. 1980) with the type strain of Lactobacillus amylovorus (Nakamura 1981). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1992, 42, 487-491.
Original article in IJSB Online
    
Lactobacillus kalixensis Roos et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain Kx127A2 = CCUG 48459 = DSM 16043 = LMG 22115.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. kalixensis, pertaining to Kalix, a town in northern Sweden, where the gastric biopsies were sampled.
Reference: ROOS (S.), ENGSTRAND (L.) and JONSSON (H.): Lactobacillus gastricus sp. nov., Lactobacillus antri sp. nov., Lactobacillus kalixensis sp. nov. and Lactobacillus ultunensis sp. nov., isolated from human stomach mucosa. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 77-82.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus kandleri Holzapfel and van Wyk 1983, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain L250 = ATCC 51149 = BCRC (formerly CCRC) 14624 = CCUG 32237 = CIP 102809 = DSM 20593 = JCM 5817 = LMG 18979 = NCIMB 702753 (formerly NCDO 2753) = NRIC 1628.
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 10. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 438-440. [HOLZAPFEL (W.H.) and VAN WYK (E.P.): Lactobacillus kandleri sp. nov., a new species of the subgenus Betabacterium, with glycine in the peptidoglycan. Zentralbl. Bakteriol. Parasitenkd. Infektionskr. Hyg. Abt. 1 Orig., 1982, C3, 495-502.]
Validation List N° 10 in IJSB Online
---> ¤ Weissella kandleri (Holzapfel and van Wyk 1983) Collins et al. 1994, comb. nov.
    
Lactobacillus kefiranofaciens Fujisawa et al. 1988, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain WT-2B = ATCC 43761 = CCUG 32248 = CIP 103307 = DSM 5016 = JCM 6985 = LMG 19149.
Reference: FUJISAWA (T.), ADACHI (S.), TOBA (T.), ARIHARA (K.) and MITSUOKA (T.): Lactobacillus kefiranofaciens sp. nov. isolated from kefir grains. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 12-14.
Original article in IJSB Online
---> Lactobacillus kefiranofaciens Fujisawa et al. 1988 emend. Vancanneyt et al. 2004.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain WT-2B = ATCC 43761 = CCUG 32248 = CIP 103307 = DSM 5016 = JCM 6985 = LMG 19149.
Etymology: N.L. n. kefiranum, a polysaccharide of kefir grain, kefiran; L. v. facio, produce; N.L. masc. part. adj. kefiranofaciens, kefiran-producing.
Reference: VANCANNEYT (M.), MENGAUD (J.), CLEENWERCK (I.), VANHONACKER (K.), HOSTE (B.), DAWYNDT (P.), DEGIVRY (M.C.), RINGUET (D.), JANSSENS (D.) and SWINGS (J.): Reclassification of Lactobacillus kefirgranum Takizawa et al. 1994 as Lactobacillus kefiranofaciens subsp. kefirgranum subsp. nov. and emended description of L. kefiranofaciens Fujisawa et al. 1988. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 551-556.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus kefiranofaciens subsp. kefiranofaciens Fujisawa et al. 1988, subsp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain WT-2B = ATCC 43761 = CCUG 32248 = CIP 103307 = DSM 5016 = JCM 6985 = LMG 19149.
Etymology: N.L. n. kefiranum, a polysaccharide of kefir grain, kefiran; L. v. facio, produce; N.L. masc. part. adj. kefiranofaciens, kefiran-producing.
Reference: VANCANNEYT (M.), MENGAUD (J.), CLEENWERCK (I.), VANHONACKER (K.), HOSTE (B.), DAWYNDT (P.), DEGIVRY (M.C.), RINGUET (D.), JANSSENS (D.) and SWINGS (J.): Reclassification of Lactobacillus kefirgranum Takizawa et al. 1994 as Lactobacillus kefiranofaciens subsp. kefirgranum subsp. nov. and emended description of L. kefiranofaciens Fujisawa et al. 1988. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 551-556.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus kefiranofaciens subsp. kefirgranum (Takizawa et al. 1994) Vancanneyt et al. 2004, comb. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain GCL 1701 = ATCC 51647 = CCUG 49353 = CIP 104241 = DSM 10550 = JCM 8572 = LMG 15132.
Basonym: ¤ Lactobacillus kefirgranum Takizawa et al. 1994.
Etymology: Turkish n. kefir, Caucasian sour milk; L. n. granum, grain; N.L. masc. adj. (sic) kefirgranum, kefir grain.
Reference: VANCANNEYT (M.), MENGAUD (J.), CLEENWERCK (I.), VANHONACKER (K.), HOSTE (B.), DAWYNDT (P.), DEGIVRY (M.C.), RINGUET (D.), JANSSENS (D.) and SWINGS (J.): Reclassification of Lactobacillus kefirgranum Takizawa et al. 1994 as Lactobacillus kefiranofaciens subsp. kefirgranum subsp. nov. and emended description of L. kefiranofaciens Fujisawa et al. 1988. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 551-556.
Original article in IJSEM Online
Note: Lactobacillus kefiranofaciens subsp. kefirgranum (Takizawa et al. 1994) Vancanneyt et al. 2004 is a new combination, not a new subspecies as cited by Vancanneyt et al. 2004.
    
Lactobacillus kefirgranum Takizawa et al. 1994, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain GCL 1701 = ATCC 51647 = CCUG 39467 = CIP 104241 = DSM 10550 = JCM 8572 = LMG 15132.
Reference: TAKIZAWA (S.), KOJIMA (S.), TAMURA (S.), FUJINAGA (S.), BENNO (Y.) and NAKASE (T.): Lactobacillus kefirgranum sp. nov. and Lactobacillus parakefir sp. nov., two new species from kefir grains. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 435-439.
Original article in IJSB Online
---> ¤ Lactobacillus kefiranofaciens subsp. kefirgranum (Takizawa et al. 1994) Vancanneyt et al. 2004, comb. nov.
    
Lactobacillus kefiri corrig. Kandler and Kunath 1983, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain A/K = ATCC 35411 = CCUG 30673 = CIP 103006 = DSM 20587 = IFO (now NBRC) 15888 = JCM 5818 = LMG 9480.
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 11. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 672-674. [KANDLER (O.) and KUNATH (P.): Lactobacillus kefir sp. nov., a component of the microflora of kefir. Syst. Appl. Microbiol, 1983, 4, 286-294.]
Validation List N° 11 in IJSB Online
Note: The original spelling of the specific epithet, kefir (sic), has been corrected by Trüper and De’ Clari 1997.
Reference: TRÜPER (H.G.) and DE’ CLARI (L.): Taxonomic note: Necessary correction of specific epithets formed as substantives (nouns) "in apposition". Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 908-909.
    
Lactobacillus kimchii Yoon et al. 2000, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain MT-1077 = ATCC BAA-131 = CCUG 45370 = CIP 107019 = DSM 13961 = JCM 10707 = KCTC 8903P.
Reference: YOON (J.H.), KANG (S.S.), MHEEN (T.I.), AHN (J.S.), LEE (H.J.), KIM (T.K.), PARK (C.S.), KHO (Y.H.), KANG (K.H.) and PARK (Y.H.): Lactobacillus kimchii sp. nov., a new species from kimchi. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1789-1795.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus kitasatonis Mukai et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain JCM 1039 = KCTC 3155.
Etymology: L. gen. n. kitasatonis, of Kitasato, referring to Shibasaburo Kitasato, the founder of Kitasato Institute, the father of Japanese bacteriology.
Reference: MUKAI (T.), ARIHARA (K.), IKEDA (A.), NOMURA (K.), SUZUKI (F.) and OHORI (H.): Lactobacillus kitasatonis sp. nov., from chicken intestine. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 2055-2059.
Original article in IJSEM Online
More information (in French)
    
Lactobacillus kunkeei Edwards et al. 1998, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain YH-15 = ATCC 700308 = DSM 12361.
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 67. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 1083-1084. [EDWARDS (C.G.), HAAG (K.M.), COLLINS (M.D.), HUTSON (R.A.) and HUANG (Y.C.): Lactobacillus kunkeei sp. nov.: a spoilage organism associated with grape juice fermentations. J. Appl. Microbiol., 1998, 84, 698-702.]
Validation List N° 67 in IJSB Online
    
Lactobacillus lactis (Orla-Jensen 1919) Bergey et al. 1934, species.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 12315 = CCUG 31454 = CIP 101028 = DSM 20072 = JCM 1248 = LMG 7942 = NBRC 102622 = NRRL B-4525.
Synonyms: "Bacillus lactis acidi" Leichmann 1896, "Bacterium lactis acidi" (Leichmann 1896) Leichmann 1896, "Thermobacterium lactis" Orla-Jensen 1919, "Lactobacillus lactis-acidi" (Leichmann 1896) Bergey et al. 1923, "Lactobacterium caucasicum var. lactis" (Orla-Jensen 1919) Krasil’nikov 1949.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [1 ORLA-JENSEN (S.) (ed.): The lactic acid bacteria. Høst, Copenhagen, 1919, pp. 1-196. 2 BERGEY (D.H.), BREED (R.S.), HAMMER (B.W.), HUNTOON (F.M.), MURRAY (E.G.D.) and HARRISON (F.C.) (eds): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 4th ed., The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1934, pp. 1-664.]
---> ¤ Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. lactis (Orla-Jensen 1919) Weiss et al. 1984, comb. nov.
    
Lactobacillus leichmannii (Henneberg 1903) Bergey et al. 1923, species.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 4797 = LMG 13136 = NCCB 49006.
Synonyms: "Bacillus Leichmanni I" (sic) Henneberg 1903, "Bacillus Leichmanni III" (sic) Henneberg 1903, "Lactobacillus leichmanni" (sic) (Henneberg 1903) Bergey et al. 1923, "Bacterium leichmanni I" (sic) (Henneberg 1903) Henneberg 1926, "Lactobacterium leichmannii" (Henneberg 1903) Krasil’nikov 1949.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [1 HENNEBERG (W.): Zur Kenntniss der Milchsäure-bakterien der Brenneriemaische, der Milch, des Bieres, der Presshefe, der Melasse, der Sauerkohls, der sauren Gurken und des Sauerteigs, sowie einige Bemerkungen über die Milchsäurebakterien des menschlichen Magens. Zeitschrift fur Spiritusindustrie, 1903, 26, 329-332. 2 BERGEY (D.H.), HARRISON (F.C.), BREED (R.S.), HAMMER (B.W.) and HUNTOON (F.M.) (eds): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 1st ed., The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1923, pp. 1-442.]
Note: According to Weiss et al. 1983, Lactobacillus leichmannii (Henneberg 1903) Bergey et al. 1923 (Approved Lists 1980) and ¤ Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. lactis (Orla-Jensen 1919) Weiss et al. 1984 are heterotypic synonyms.
Reference: WEISS (N.), SCHILLINGER (U.) and KANDLER (O.): Lactobacillus lactis, Lactobacillus leichmannii and Lactobacillus bulgaricus subjective synonyms of Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. lactis comb. nov. and Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus comb. nov. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1983, 4, 552-557.
    
Lactobacillus lindneri (ex Henneberg 1901) Back et al. 1997, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain KPA = CIP 102983 = DSM 20690 = JCM 11027 = LMG 14528.
Synonym: "Lactobacillus lindneri" (Henneberg 1901) Bergey et al. 1923.
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 61. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 601-602. [BACK (W.), BOHAK (I.), EHRMANN (M.), LUDWIG (W.) and SCHLEIFER (K.H.): Revival of the species Lactobacillus lindneri and the design of a species specific oligonucleotide probe. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1996, 19, 322-325.]
Validation List N° 61 in IJSB Online
    
Lactobacillus malefermentans (ex Russell and Walker 1953) Farrow et al. 1989, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain D2 MF1 = ATCC 49373 = CCUG 32206 = CIP 103367 = DSM 5705 = IFO (now NBRC) 15905 = JCM 12497 = LMG 11455 = NCIMB 701410 (formerly NCDO 1410).
Synonym: "Lactobacillus malefermentans" Russell and Walker 1953.
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 30. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 371. [FARROW (J.A.E.), PHILLIPS (B.A.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Nucleic acid studies on some heterofermentative lactobacilli: description of Lactobacillus malefermentans sp. nov. and Lactobacillus parabuchneri sp. nov. FEMS Microbiol. Lett., 1988, 55, 163-168.]
Validation List N° 30 in IJSB Online
Note: The year of publication of the reference of the paper by Farrow et al. must be 1988, not 1986 as cited in the Validation List n° 30. This error is derived from the error by the publisher of FEMS Microbiology Letter.
Reference: KUDO (T.): Personal communication (January 14, 2005).
    
Lactobacillus mali Carr and Davies 1970, species.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 27053 = CCUG 30141 = CCUG 32228 = CIP 103142 = DSM 20444 = JCM 1116 = LMG 6899 = NBRC 102159 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 10560 = NRRL B-4563 = VKM B-1600.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [CARR (J.) and DAVIES (P.A.): Homofermentative lactobacilli of ciders including Lactobacillus mali nov. spec. Journal of Applied Bacteriology, 1970, 33, 768-774.]
---> ¤ Lactobacillus yamanashiensis subsp. mali (Carr and Davies 1970) Nonomura 1983, comb. nov.
---> Lactobacillus mali Carr and Davies 1970 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Kaneuchi et al. 1988.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 27053 = CCUG 30141 = CCUG 32228 = CIP 103142 = DSM 20444 = JCM 1116 = LMG 6899 = NBRC 102159 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 10560 = NRRL B-4563 = VKM B-1600.
Reference: KANEUCHI (C.), SEKI (M.) and KOMAGATA (K.): Taxonomic study of Lactobacillus mali Carr and Davis 1970 and related strains: validation of Lactobacillus mali Carr and Davis 1970 over Lactobacillus yamanashiensis Nonomura 1983. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 269-272.
Original article in IJSB Online
Note: According to Kaneuchi et al. 1988, Lactobacillus mali Carr and Davies 1970 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Kaneuchi et al. 1988 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus yamanashiensis Nonomura 1983, an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus yamanashiensis subsp. mali (Carr and Davies 1970) Nonomura 1983 and an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus yamanashiensis subsp. yamanashiensis Nonomura 1983.
Reference: KANEUCHI (C.), SEKI (M.) and KOMAGATA (K.): Taxonomic study of Lactobacillus mali Carr and Davis 1970 and related strains: validation of Lactobacillus mali Carr and Davis 1970 over Lactobacillus yamanashiensis Nonomura 1983. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 269-272.
Original article in IJSB Online
    
Lactobacillus maltaromicus Miller et al. 1974, species.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 27865 = CCUG 30142 = CIP 103135 = DSM 20342 = JCM 1154 = LMG 6903 = NRRL B-14852.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [MILLER III (A.), MORGAN (M.E.) and LIBBEY (L.M.): Lactobacillus maltaromicus, a new species producing a malty aroma. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1974, 24, 346-354.]
Note: According to Mora et al. 2003, Lactobacillus maltaromicus Miller et al. 1974 (Approved Lists 1980) is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Carnobacterium piscicola (Hiu et al. 1984) Collins et al. 1987.
Reference: MORA (D.), SCARPELLINI (M.), FRANZETTI (L.), COLOMBO (S.) and GALLI (A.): Reclassification of Lactobacillus maltaromicus (Miller et al. 1974) DSM 20342T and DSM 20344 and Carnobacterium piscicola (Collins et al. 1987) DSM 20730T and DSM 20722 as Carnobacterium maltaromaticum comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 675-678.
Original article in IJSEM Online
---> ¤ Carnobacterium maltaromaticum (Miller et al. 1974) Mora et al. 2003, comb. nov.
    
Lactobacillus manihotivorans Morlon-Guyot et al. 1998, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain OND 32 = CCUG 42894 = CIP 105851 = DSM 13343 = JCM 12514 = LMG 18010.
Reference: MORLON-GUYOT (J.), GUYOT (J.P.), POT (B.), JACOBE de HAUT (I.) and RAIMBAULT (M.): Lactobacillus manihotivorans sp. nov., a new starch-hydrolysing lactic acid bacterium isolated during cassava sour starch fermentation. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 1101-1109.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus mindensis Ehrmann et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain TMW 1.80 = CCUG 48642 = DSM 14500 = JCM 12532 = LMG 21508.
Reference: EHRMANN (M.A.), MÜLLER (M.R.A.) and VOGEL (R.F.): Molecular analysis of sourdough reveals Lactobacillus mindensis sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 7-13.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus minor (ex Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965) Kandler et al. 1983, nom. rev., comb. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain 3 = ATCC 35412 = BCRC (formerly CCRC) 14049 = CCUG 30668 = CECT 572 = CIP 102978 = DSM 20014 = JCM 1168 = LMG 9847 = NCIMB 701973 (formerly NCDO 1973) = NRIC 1625.
Synonym: "Lactobacillus viridescens subsp. minor" Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. mindensis, pertaining to the city of Minden, Germany, from where the first strain of this species was isolated.
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 11. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 672-674. [KANDLER (O.), SCHILLINGER (U.) and WEISS (N.): Lactobacillus halotolerans sp. nov. nom. rev. and Lactobacillus minor sp. nov., nom. rev. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1983, 4, 280-285.]
Validation List N° 11 in IJSB Online
---> ¤ Weissella minor (Kandler et al. 1983) Collins et al. 1994, comb. nov.
    
Lactobacillus minutus (Hauduroy et al. 1937) Moore and Holdeman 1972, species.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 33267 = CCUG 31167 = DSM 20586 = JCM 1118 = LMG 9439 = NCIMB 702751 (formerly NCFB 2751) = VPI 9428.
Synonyms: "Bacteroides minutum" (sic) Hauduroy et al. 1937, "Eubacterium minutum" (Hauduroy et al. 1937) Prévot 1938.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [1 HAUDUROY (P.), EHRINGER (G.), URBAIN (G.), GUILLOT (G.) and MAGROU (J.) (eds): Dictionnaire des bactéries pathogènes, Masson et Cie, Paris, 1937, pp. 1-597. 2 MOORE (W.E.C.) and HOLDEMAN (L.V.): Lactobacillus. In: L.V. HOLDEMAN and W.E.C. MOORE (eds): Anaerobe Laboratory Manual, Virginia Polytechnic Institute, Anaerobe Laboratory, Blacksburg, Virginia, 1972, pp 61-66.]
---> Lactobacillus minutus (Hauduroy et al. 1937) Moore and Holdeman 1972 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Olsen et al. 1991.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 33267 = CCUG 31167 = DSM 20586 = JCM 1118 = LMG 9439 = NCIMB 702751 (formerly NCFB 2751) = VPI 9428.
Reference: OLSEN (I.), JOHNSON (J.L.), MOORE (L.V.H.) and MOORE (W.E.C.): Lactobacillus uli sp. nov. and Lactobacillus rimae sp. nov. from the human gingival crevice and emended descriptions of Lactobacillus minutus and Streptococcus parvulus. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1991, 41, 261-266.
Original article in IJSB Online
---> ¤ Atopobium minutum (Hauduroy et al. 1937) Collins and Wallbanks 1993, comb. nov.
    
Lactobacillus mucosae Roos et al. 2000, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain S32 = CCUG 43179 = CIP 106485 = DSM 13345 = JCM 12515.
Reference: ROOS (S.), KARNER (F.), AXELSSON (L.) and JONSSON (H.): Lactobacillus mucosae sp. nov., a new species with in vitro mucus-binding activity isolated from pig intestine. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 251-258.
Original article in IJSEM Online
More information (in French)
    
Lactobacillus murinus Hemme et al. 1982, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain 313 = ATCC 35020 = CCUG 33904 = CIP 104818 = CNRZ 220 = DSM 20452 = IFO (now NBRC) 14221 = JCM 1717 = LMG 14189.
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 9. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 384-385. [HEMME (D.), RAIBAUD (P.), DUCLUZEAU (R.), GALPIN (J.V.), SICARD (P.) and VAN HEIJENOORT (J.): Lactobacillus murinus n. sp., une nouvelle espèce de la flore dominante autochtone du tube digestif du rat et de la souris. Ann. Microbiol., 1980, 131A, 297-308.]
Validation List N° 9 in IJSB Online
Note: According to the subcommittee on the taxonomy of Bifidobacterium, Lactobacillus and related organisms it seems necessary to verify the separate species status of Lactobacillus murinus Hemme et al. 1982.
References:
1 KAGERMEIER-CALLAWAY (A.S.): International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Bifidobacterium, Lactobacillus and related organisms. Minutes of the meetings, 4 and 6 July 1994, Prague, Czech Republic. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1391-1392.
Original article by Kagermeier-Callaway 2000 in IJSEM Online (PDF Format)
2 KLEIN (G.): International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Bifidobacterium, Lactobacillus and related organisms. Minutes of the meetings, 22 and 23 September 1999, Veldhoven, The Netherlands. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 259-261.
Original article by Klein 2001 in IJSEM Online (PDF Format)
    
Lactobacillus nagelii Edwards et al. 2000, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain LuE10 = ATCC 700692 = CCUG 43575 = DSM 13675 = JCM 12492.
Reference: EDWARDS (C.G.), COLLINS (M.D.), LAWSON (P.A.) and RODRIGUEZ (A.V.): Lactobacillus nagelii sp. nov., an organism isolated from a partially fermented wine. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 699–702.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus namurensis Scheirlinck et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain CCUG 52843 = LMG 23583.
GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ accession number for the 16S rRNA gene sequence of the type strain: AM259119.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. namurensis, pertaining to the province of Namur, Belgium, from where the type strain was isolated.
Reference: SCHEIRLINCK (I.), VAN DER MEULEN (R.), VAN SCHOOR (A.), CLEENWERCK (I.), HUYS (G.), VANDAMME (P.), DE VUYST (L.) and VANCANNEYT (M.): Lactobacillus namurensis sp. nov., isolated from a traditional Belgian sourdough. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 223-227.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus nantensis Valcheva et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain LP33 = TMW 1.1265 = CIP 108546 = DSM 16982.
Etymology: M.L. masc. adj. nantensis, pertaining to Nantes, from where the first strain of this species was isolated.
Reference: VALCHEVA (R.), FERCHICHI (M.F.), KORAKLI (M.), IVANOVA (I.), GÄNZLE (M.G.), VOGEL (R.F.), PRÉVOST (H.), ONNO (B.) and DOUSSET (X.): Lactobacillus nantensis sp. nov., isolated from French wheat sourdough. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 587-591.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus oligofermentans Koort et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain AMKR18 = CCUG 52263 = DSM 15707 = LMG 22743.
Etymology: Gr. adj. oligos, few or little; L. part. adj. fermentans, fermenting; N.L. part. adj. oligofermentans, fermenting few substrates.
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 106. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 2235-2238. [KOORT (J.), MURROS (A.), COENYE (T.), EEROLA (S.), VANDAMME (P.), SUKURA (A.) and BJÖRKROTH (J.): Lactobacillus oligofermentans sp. nov., associated with spoilage of modified-atmosphere-packaged poultry products. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 2005, 71, 4400-4406.]
Validation List N° 106 in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus oris Farrow and Collins 1988, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain 5A1 of Hayward = ATCC 49062 = CCUG 37396 = CIP 103255 = CIP 105162 = DSM 4864 = JCM 7507 = JCM 11028 = LMG 9848 = NCIMB 8831 (formerly NCIB 8831; formerly NCDO 2160).
Reference: FARROW (J.A.E.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Lactobacillus oris sp. nov. from the human oral cavity. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 116-118.
Original article in IJSB Online
    
Lactobacillus panis Wiese et al. 1996, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain CCUG 37482 = DSM 6035 = JCM 11053.
Reference: WIESE (B.J.), STROHMAR (W.), RAINEY (F.A.) and DIEKMANN (H.): Lactobacillus panis sp. nov., from sourdough with a long fermentation period. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 449-453.
Original article in IJSEM Online
Note: The members of the Sucommittee on Taxonomy of Bifidobacterium, Lactobacillus, and Related Organisms concluded (meeting in Budapest, Hungary, August 1996) that Lactobacillus panis Wiese et al. 1996 is not a validly published name because the type strain of has been deposited in the closed collection of the DSM. Therefore, Dellaglio and Klein requested an opinion which indicates wether this name should be rejected according to Rule 30 (3), recommendation 30a, and Principle 1 [1]. However, the type strain of Lactobacillus panis DSM 6035 has been transferred from the patent/safe deposit department to the public part of the DSMZ and is now available without any restriction [2, 3]. So, Lactobacillus panis is a validly published and legitimate name [4, 5].
References:
1 DELLAGLIO (F.) and KLEIN (G.): Rejection of Lactobacillus panis (Wiese et al. 1996). Request for an opinion. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 910.
2 WEISS (N.): Personal communication, November 23, 1999.
3 DSMZ: Search Catalogue of Microbial Strains.
4 DE VOS (P.) and TRÜPER (H.G.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology IXth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 14, 15 and 18 August 1999, Sydney, Australia. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2000, 50, 2239-2244.
Original article by De Vos and Trüper 2000 in IJSEM Online (PDF Format)
5 TRÜPER (H.G.): Strain DSM 6035 is the type strain of Lactobacillus panis (Wiese et al. 1996). Opinion 72. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 929.
Opinion 72 in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus pantheris Liu and Dong 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain A24-2-1 = AS 1.2826 = JCM 12539 = LMG 21017.
Reference: LIU (B.) and DONG (X.): Lactobacillus pantheris sp. nov., isolated from faeces of a jaguar. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1745-1748.
Original article in IJSEM Online
More information (in French)
    
Lactobacillus parabrevis Vancanneyt et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 53295 = LMG 11984.
Etymology: Gr. prep. para, like; L. masc. adj. brevis, referring to the specific epithet of Lactobacillus brevis; N.L. masc. adj. parabrevis, brevis-like, referring to Lactobacillus brevis.
Reference: VANCANNEYT (M.), NASER (S.M.), ENGELBEEN (K.), DE WACHTER (M.), VAN DER MEULEN (R.), CLEENWERCK (I.), HOSTE (B.), DE VUYST (L.) and SWINGS (J.): Reclassification of Lactobacillus brevis strains LMG 11494 and LMG 11984 as Lactobacillus parabrevis sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1553-1557.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus parabuchneri Farrow et al. 1989, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 49374 = CCUG 32261 = CIP 103368 = DSM 5707 = JCM 12493 = LMG 11457 = NCIMB 8838 (formerly NCDO 2748).
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 30. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 371. [FARROW (J.A.E.), PHILLIPS (B.A.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Nucleic acid studies on some heterofermentative lactobacilli: description of Lactobacillus malefermentans sp. nov. and Lactobacillus parabuchneri sp. nov. FEMS Microbiol. Lett., 1988, 55, 163-168.]
Validation List N° 30 in IJSB Online
Notes:
1 The year of publication of the reference of the paper by Farrow et al. must be 1988, not 1986 as cited in the Validation List n° 30. This error is derived from the error by the publisher of FEMS Microbiology Letter.
Reference: KUDO (T.): Personal communication (January 14, 2005).
2 According to Vancanneyt et al. 2005, Lactobacillus parabuchneri Farrow et al. 1989 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus ferintoshensis Simpson et al. 2002.
Reference: VANCANNEYT (M.), ENGELBEEN (K.), DE WACHTER (M.), VANDEMEULEBROECKE (K.), CLEENWERCK (I.) and SWINGS (J.): Reclassification of Lactobacillus ferintoshensis as a later heterotypic synonym of Lactobacillus parabuchneri. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 2195-2198.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus paracasei Collins et al. 1989, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 25302 = CCUG 32212 = CIP 103918 = DSM 5622 = IFO (now NBRC) 15889 = JCM 8130 = LMG 13087 = NCIMB 700151 (formerly NCDO 151).
Reference: COLLINS (M.D.), PHILLIPS (B.A.) and ZANONI (P.): Deoxyribonucleic acid homology studies of Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus paracasei sp. nov., subsp. paracasei and subsp. tolerans, and Lactobacillus rhamnosus sp. nov., comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 105-108.
Original article in IJSB Online
Note: See the file Some problems with Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus paracasei and Lactobacillus zeae.
    
Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. paracasei Collins et al. 1989, subsp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 25302 = CCUG 32212 = CIP 103918 = DSM 5622 = IFO (now NBRC) 15889 = JCM 8130 = LMG 13087 = NCIMB 700151 (formerly NCDO 151).
Reference: COLLINS (M.D.), PHILLIPS (B.A.) and ZANONI (P.): Deoxyribonucleic acid homology studies of Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus paracasei sp. nov., subsp. paracasei and subsp. tolerans, and Lactobacillus rhamnosus sp. nov., comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 105-108.
Original article in IJSB Online
Notes:
1 See the file Some problems with Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus paracasei and Lactobacillus zeae.
2 The taxon Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. paracasei Collins et al. 1989, encompasses the type strain of Lactobacillus casei subsp. alactosus Mills and Lessel 1973 (Approved Lists 1980) and the type strain of Lactobacillus casei subsp. pseudoplantarum Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965 (Approved Lists 1980).
    
Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. tolerans (Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965) Collins et al. 1989, comb. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 25599 = CCUG 34829 = CIP 102994 = CIP 103024 = DSM 20258 = IFO (now NBRC) 15906 = JCM 1171 = LMG 9191 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 9709 (formerly NCFB 2774).
Basonym: ¤ Lactobacillus casei subsp. tolerans Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965 (Approved Lists 1980).
Reference: COLLINS (M.D.), PHILLIPS (B.A.) and ZANONI (P.): Deoxyribonucleic acid homology studies of Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus paracasei sp. nov., subsp. paracasei and subsp. tolerans, and Lactobacillus rhamnosus sp. nov., comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 105-108.
Original article in IJSB Online
    
Lactobacillus paracollinoides Suzuki et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain LA2 = DSM 15502 = JCM 11969.
Etymology: Gr. pref. para, beside; N.L. masc. adj. collinoides, the specific epithet of Lactobacillus collinoides; N.L. masc. adj. paracollinoides, beside Lactobacillus collinoides, referring to close relationship to Lactobacillus collinoides.
Reference: SUZUKI (K.), FUNAHASHI (W.), KOYANAGI (M.) and YAMASHITA (H.): Lactobacillus paracollinoides sp. nov., isolated from brewery environments. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 115-117.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus parafarraginis Endo and Okada 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain DSM 18390 = JCM 14109 = NRIC 0677.
GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ accession number for the 16S rRNA gene sequence of the type strain: AB262734.
Etymology: Gr. prep. para, beside; L. gen. n. farraginis, of mash, the specific epithet of Lactobacillus farraginis; N.L. gen. n. parafarraginis, beside farraginis, pertaining to the close relationship to Lactobacillus farraginis.
Reference: ENDO (A.) and OKADA (S.): Lactobacillus farraginis sp. nov. and Lactobacillus parafarraginis sp. nov., heterofermentative lactobacilli isolated from a compost of distilled shochu residue. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 708-712.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus parakefiri corrig. Takizawa et al. 1994, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain GCL 1731 = ATCC 51648 = CCUG 39468 = CIP 104242 = DSM 10551 = IFO (now NBRC) 15890 = JCM 8573 = LMG 15133.
Reference: TAKIZAWA (S.), KOJIMA (S.), TAMURA (S.), FUJINAGA (S.), BENNO (Y.) and NAKASE (T.): Lactobacillus kefirgranum sp. nov. and Lactobacillus parakefir sp. nov., two new species from kefir grains. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 435-439.
Original article in IJSB Online
Note: The original spelling of the specific epithet, parakefir (sic), has been corrected by Trüper and De’ Clari 1998.
Reference: TRÜPER (H.G.) and DE’ CLARI (L.): Taxonomic note: erratum and correction of further specific epithets formed as substantives (nouns) "in apposition". Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 615.
Original article in IJSB Online
    
Lactobacillus paralimentarius Cai et al. 1999, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain TB 1 = CCUG 43349 = CIP 106794 = DSM 13238 = JCM 10415 = LMG 19152.
Reference: CAI (Y.), OKADA (H.), MORI (H.), BENNO (Y.) and NAKASE (T.): Lactobacillus paralimentarius sp. nov., isolated from sourdough. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 1451-1455.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus paraplantarum Curk et al. 1996, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 700211 = CCUG 35983 = CIP 104668 = CNRZ 1885 = CST 10961 = DSM 10667 = JCM 12533 = LMG 16673 = NRRL B-23115.
Reference: CURK (M.C.), HUBERT (J.C.) and BRINGEL (F.): Lactobacillus paraplantarum sp. nov., a new species related to Lactobacillus plantarum. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 595-598.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus pentosus (ex Fred et al. 1921) Zanoni et al. 1987, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 8041 = CCUG 33455 = CIP 103156 = DSM 20314 = JCM 1558 = LMG 10755 = NCAIM B.01727 = NCCB 32014 = NCIMB 8026 (formerly NCDO 363) = NRRL B-227 = NRRL B-473.
Synonym: "Lactobacillus pentosus" Fred et al. 1921.
Reference: ZANONI (P.), FARROW (J.A.E.), PHILLIPS (B.A.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Lactobacillus pentosus (Fred, Peterson, and Anderson) sp. nov., nom. rev. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1987, 37, 339-341.
Original article in IJSB Online
    
Lactobacillus perolens Back et al. 2000, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain L 532 = DSM 12744 = JCM 12534 = LMG 18936.
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 72. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 3-4. [BACK (W.), BOHAK (I.), EHRMANN (M.), LUDWIG (W.), POT (B.), KERSTERS (K.) and SCHLEIFER (K.H.): Lactobacillus perolens sp. nov., a soft drink spoilage bacterium. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1999, 22, 354-359.]
Validation List N° 72 in IJSEM Online (PDF Format)
    
Lactobacillus piscicola Hiu et al. 1984, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain B270 = ATCC 35586 = CCUG 34645 = CIP 103158 = DSM 20730 = HAMBI 2234 = IFO (now NBRC) 15684 = JCM 5348 = LMG 9839 = NCIMB 2264 (formerly NCDO 2762) = NRRL B-14829.
Reference: HIU (S.F.), HOLT (R.A.), SRIRANGANATHAN (N.), SEIDLER (R.J.) and FRYER (J.L.): Lactobacillus piscicola, a new species from salmonid fish. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 393-400.
Original article in IJSB Online
Note: According to Collins et al. 1987, Lactobacillus piscicola Hiu et al. 1984 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus carnis Shaw and Harding 1986.
Reference: COLLINS (M.D.), FARROW (J.A.E.), PHILLIPS (B.A.), FERUSU (S.) and JONES (D.): Classification of Lactobacillus divergens, Lactobacillus piscicola, and some catalase-negative, asporogenous, rod-shaped bacteria from poultry in a new genus, Carnobacterium. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1987, 37, 310-316.
Original article in IJSB Online
---> ¤ Carnobacterium piscicola (Hiu et al. 1984) Collins et al. 1987, comb. nov.
---> ¤ Carnobacterium maltaromaticum (Miller et al. 1974) Mora et al. 2003, comb. nov.
Note: According to Mora et al. 2003, ¤ Carnobacterium piscicola (Hiu et al. 1984) Collins et al. 1987 is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus maltaromicus Miller et al. 1974 (Approved Lists 1980) which is transfered to the genus ¤ Carnobacterium Collins et al. 1987 as ¤ Carnobacterium maltaromaticum (Miller et al. 1974) Mora et al. 2003.
Reference: MORA (D.), SCARPELLINI (M.), FRANZETTI (L.), COLOMBO (S.) and GALLI (A.): Reclassification of Lactobacillus maltaromicus (Miller et al. 1974) DSM 20342T and DSM 20344 and Carnobacterium piscicola (Collins et al. 1987) DSM 20730T and DSM 20722 as Carnobacterium maltaromaticum comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 675-678.
Original article in IJSEM Online.
    
Lactobacillus plantarum (Orla-Jensen 1919) Bergey et al. 1923, species.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 14917 = CCUG 30503 = CIP 103151 = DSM 20174 = IFO (now NBRC) 15891 = JCM 1149 = LMG 6907 = NCIMB 11974 = NRRL B-4496.
Synonyms: "Streptobacterium plantarum" Orla-Jensen 1919, "Lactobacillus plantari" (sic) (Orla-Jensen 1919) Bergey et al. 1923, "Lactobacterium plantarum" (Orla-Jensen 1919) Krasil’nikov 1949.
Etymology: L. fem. n. planta, any vegetable production that serves to propagate the species, a plant; L. gen. pl. n. plantarum, of plants.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [1 ORLA-JENSEN (S.) (ed.): The lactic acid bacteria. Høst, Copenhagen, 1919, pp. 1-196. 2 BERGEY (D.H.), HARRISON (F.C.), BREED (R.S.), HAMMER (B.W.) and HUNTOON (F.M.) (eds): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 1st ed., The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1923, pp. 1-442.]
Note: According to Kostinek et al. 2005, Lactobacillus plantarum (Orla-Jensen 1919) Bergey et al. 1923 (Approved Lists 1980) is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus arizonensis Swezey et al. 2000.
Reference: KOSTINEK (M.), PUKALL (R.), ROONEY (A.P.), SCHILLINGER (U.), HERTEL (C.), HOLZAPFEL (W.H.) and FRANZ (C.M.A.P.): Lactobacillus arizonensis is a later heterotypic synonym of Lactobacillus plantarum. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 2485-2489.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus plantarum subsp. argentoratensis Bringel et al. 2005, subsp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain DKO 22 = CCUG 50787 = CIP 108320 = DSM 16365.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. argentoratensis, pertaining to Argentoratus, the Roman name of the city of Strasbourg in Alsace, France, where the strains were first collected and analysed.
Reference: BRINGEL (F.), CASTIONI (A.), OLUKOYA (D.K.), FELIS (G.E.), TORRIANI (S.) and DELLAGLIO (F.): Lactobacillus plantarum subsp. argentoratensis subsp. nov., isolated from vegetable matrices. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 1629-1634.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus plantarum subsp. plantarum (Orla-Jensen 1919) Bergey et al. 1923, subsp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 14917 = CCUG 30503 = CIP 103151 = DSM 20174 = IFO (now NBRC) 15891 = JCM 1149 = LMG 6907 = NCIMB 11974 = NRRL B-4496.
Etymology: L. fem. n. planta, any vegetable production that serves to propagate the species, a plant; L. gen. pl. n. plantarum, of plants.
Reference: BRINGEL (F.), CASTIONI (A.), OLUKOYA (D.K.), FELIS (G.E.), TORRIANI (S.) and DELLAGLIO (F.): Lactobacillus plantarum subsp. argentoratensis subsp. nov., isolated from vegetable matrices. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 1629-1634.
Original article in IJSEM Online
Note: In the paper by Bringel et al. 2005, the type strain NCIMB 11974 is cited as NCDO 1752.
    
Lactobacillus pontis Vogel et al. 1994, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain LTH 2587 = ATCC 51518 = CCUG 33456 = CIP 104232 = DSM 8475 = JCM 11051 = LMG 14187.
Reference: VOGEL (R.F.), BÖCKER (G.), STOLZ (P.), EHRMANN (M.), FANTA (D.), LUDWIG (W.), POT (B.), KERSTERS (K.), SCHLEIFER (K.H.) and HAMMES (W.P.): Identification of lactobacilli from sourdough and description of Lactobacillus pontis sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 223-229.
Original article in IJSB Online
    
Lactobacillus psittaci Lawson et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain CCUG 42378 = CIP 106492 = DSM 15354 = JCM 11552.
Reference: LAWSON (P.A.), WACHER (C.), HANSSON (I.), FALSEN (E.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Lactobacillus psittaci sp. nov., isolated from a hyacinth macaw (Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 967-970.
Original article in IJSEM Online
More information (in French)
    
Lactobacillus rennini Chenoll et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain CECT 5922 = DSM 20253 = JCM 14279.
Etymology: N.L. n. renninum, rennin, an enzyme that coagulates milk and is used in making cheese; N.L. gen. n. rennini, of rennin.
Reference: CHENOLL (E.), MACIÁN (M.C.) and AZNAR (R.): Lactobacillus rennini sp. nov., isolated from rennin and associated with cheese spoilage. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 449-452.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus reuteri Kandler et al. 1982, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 23272 = CCUG 33624 = CIP 101887 = DSM 20016 = IFO (now NBRC) 15892 = JCM 1112 = LMG 9213 = LMG 13557 = NRRL B-14171.
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 8. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 266-268. [KANDLER (O.), STETTER (K.O.) and KÖHL (R.): Lactobacillus reuteri sp. nov., a new species of heterofermentative lactobacilli. Zentralbl. Mikrobiol. Parasitenkd. Infektionskr. Hyg. Abt. 1 Orig., 1980, C1, 264-269.]
Validation List N° 8 in IJSB Online
    
Lactobacillus rhamnosus (Hansen 1968) Collins et al. 1989, comb. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 7469 = CCUG 21452 = CIP A157 = DSM 20021 = IFO (now NBRC) 3425 = JCM 1136 = LMG 6400 = NCAIM B.01147 = NCCB 46033 = NCIMB 6375 (formerly NCDO 243) = NCTC 12953 = NRRL B-442 = VKM B-574.
Basonym: ¤ Lactobacillus casei subsp. rhamnosus Hansen 1968 (Approved Lists 1980).
Reference: COLLINS (M.D.), PHILLIPS (B.A.) and ZANONI (P.): Deoxyribonucleic acid homology studies of Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus paracasei sp. nov., subsp. paracasei and subsp. tolerans, and Lactobacillus rhamnosus sp. nov., comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 105-108.
Original article in IJSB Online
Note: In the paper by Collins et al. 1989, Lactobacillus rhamnosus is proposed as a new species.
    
Lactobacillus rimae Olsen et al. 1991, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 49626 = CCUG 31168 = DSM 7090 = IFO (now NBRC) 15546 = JCM 10299 = LMG 11476 = VPI D140H-11A.
Reference: OLSEN (I.), JOHNSON (J.L.), MOORE (L.V.H.) and MOORE (W.E.C.): Lactobacillus uli sp. nov. and Lactobacillus rimae sp. nov. from the human gingival crevice and emended descriptions of Lactobacillus minutus and Streptococcus parvulus. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1991, 41, 261-266.
Original article in IJSB Online
---> ¤ Atopobium rimae (Olsen et al. 1991) Collins and Wallbanks 1993, comb. nov.
    
Lactobacillus rogosae Holdeman and Moore 1974, species.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 27753 = VPI C37-38.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [HOLDEMAN (L.V.) and MOORE (W.E.C.): New genus, Coprococcus, twelve new species, and emended descriptions of four previously described species of bacteria from human feces. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1974, 24, 260-277.]
Note: The type strain is not available in any established culture collection; therefore it cannot be included in any scientific study. Felis et al. request the rejection of the species name, at least until strains under accession process in the ATCC are available and confirmed as belonging to the Lactobacillus.
Reference: FELIS (G.E.), TORRIANI (S.) and DELLAGLIO (F.): The status of the species Lactobacillus rogosae Holdeman and Moore 1974. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 1903-1904.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus rossiae corrig. Corsetti et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain CS1 = ATCC BAA-822 = DSM 15814.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. rossiae, of Rossi, to honour Professor Jone Rossi, University of Perugia, Italy, for her main contribution to dairy and sourdough microbiology.
Reference: CORSETTI (A.), SETTANNI (L.), VAN SINDEREN (D.), FELIS (G.E.), DELLAGLIO (F.) and GOBBETTI (M.): Lactobacillus rossii sp. nov., isolated from wheat sourdough. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 35-40.
Original article in IJSEM Online
Note: The original spelling of the specific epithet, rossii (sic), has been corrected on notification with the authors' agreement.
Reference: LISTS EDITOR, IJSEM: Notification that new names and new combinations have appeared in volume 55, part 1, of the IJSEM. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2005, 55, 987-991.
Notification List in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus ruminis Sharpe et al. 1973, species.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 27780 = CCUG 39465 = CIP 103153 = DSM 20403 = JCM 1152 = LMG 10756 = NBRC 102161 = NRRL B-14853.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [SHARPE (M.E.), LATHAM (M.J.), GARVIE (E.I.), ZIRNGIBL (J.) and KANDLER (O.): Two new species of Lactobacillus isolated from the bovine rumen, Lactobacillus ruminis sp. nov. and Lactobacillus vitulinus sp. nov. Journal of General Microbiology, 1973, 77, 37-49.]
    
Lactobacillus saerimneri Pedersen and Roos 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain GDA154 = CCUG 48462 = DSM 16049 = LMG 22087.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. saerimneri, of Saerimmer, a pig occuring in Nordic mythology, because the organism was isolated from pigs.
Reference: PEDERSEN (C.) and ROOS (S.): Lactobacillus saerimneri sp. nov., isolated from pig faeces. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 1365-1368.
Original article in IJSEM Online
More information (in French)
    
Lactobacillus sakei corrig. Katagiri et al. 1934, species.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 15521 = CCUG 30501 = CIP 103139 = DSM 20017 = IFO (now NBRC) 15893 = JCM 1157 = LMG 9468 = LMG 13558.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [KATAGIRI (H.), KITAHARA (K.) and FUKAMI (K.): The characteristics of the lactic acid bacteria isolated from moto, yeast mashes for sake manufacture. IV. Classification of the lactic acid bacteria. Bulletin of the Agricultural Chemical Society of Japan, 1934, 10, 156-157.]
Notes:
1 The original spelling of the specific epithet, sake (sic), has been corrected by Trüper and De’ Clari 1997.
Reference: TRÜPER (H.G.) and DE’ CLARI (L.): Taxonomic note: Necessary correction of specific epithets formed as substantives (nouns) "in apposition". Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 908-909.
2 In the Kilian's opinion [1] the change of the well-established name Lactobacillus sake may be a source of confusion. So, with reference to the first Principle of the Bacteriological Code (1990 Revision), Kilian requested that the original name Lactobacillus sake be conserved [2]. The Judicial Commission denied this request, and no Opinion will be issued upon this request [3].
References:
1 KILIAN (M.): Necessary changes of bacterial names? ASM News, 1998, 64, 670.
2 KILIAN (M.): Recommended conservation of the names Streptococcus sanguis, Streptococcus rattus, Streptococcus cricetus, and seven other names included in the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 723-724.
Original article by Killian 2001 in IJSEM Online
3 DE VOS (P.), TRÜPER (H.G.) and TINDALL (B.J.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes Xth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 28, 29 and 31 July and 1 August 2002, Paris, France. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 525-532.
Original article by De Vos et al. 2005 in IJSEM Online
3 According to Kagermeier-Callaway and Lauer 1995, Lactobacillus sakei corrig. Katagiri et al. 1934 (Approved Lists 1980) is an earlier synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus bavaricus Stetter and Stetter 1980.
Reference: KAGERMEIER-CALLAWAY (A.S.) and LAUER (E.): Lactobacillus sake Katagiri, Kitahara, and Fukami 1934 is the senior synonym for Lactobacillus bavaricus Stetter and Stetter 1980. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 398-399.
Original article in IJSB Online
---> Lactobacillus sakei corrig. Katagiri et al. 1934 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Klein et al. 1996.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 15521 = CCUG 30501 = CIP 103139 = DSM 20017 = IFO (now NBRC) 15893 = JCM 1157 = LMG 9468 = LMG 13558.
Reference: KLEIN (G.), DICKS (L.M.T.), PACK (A.), HACK (B.), ZIMMERMANN (K.), DELLAGLIO (F.) and REUTER (G.): Emended descriptions of Lactobacillus sake (Katagiri, Kitahara, and Fukami) and Lactobacillus curvatus (Abo-Elnaga and Kandler): numerical classification revealed by protein fingerprinting and identification based on biochemical patterns and DNA-DNA hybridizations. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 367-376.
Original article in IJSB Online
Note: Subsequently, this species has been divided into subspecies (see: below).
    
Lactobacillus sakei subsp. carnosus corrig. Torriani et al. 1996, subsp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain R 14b/a = CCUG 31331 = CIP 105422 = JCM 11031 = LMG 17302.
Reference: TORRIANI (S.), VAN REENEN (C.A.), KLEIN (G.), REUTER (G.), DELLAGLIO (F.) and DICKS (L.M.T.): Lactobacillus curvatus subsp. curvatus subsp. nov. and Lactobacillus curvatus subsp. melibiosus subsp. nov. and Lactobacillus sake subsp. sake subsp. nov. and Lactobacillus sake subsp. carnosus subsp. nov., new subspecies of Lactobacillus curvatus Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965 and Lactobacillus sake Katagiri, Kitahara, and Fukami 1934 (Klein et al. 1996, emended descriptions), respectively. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 1158-1163.
Original article in IJSEM Online
Note: The original spelling of the specific epithet, sake (sic), has been corrected by Trüper and De’ Clari 1997.
Reference: TRÜPER (H.G.) and DE’ CLARI (L.): Taxonomic note: Necessary correction of specific epithets formed as substantives (nouns) "in apposition". Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 908-909.
Note: According to Koort et al. 2004, Lactobacillus sakei subsp. carnosus corrig. Torriani et al. 1996 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus curvatus subsp. melibiosus Torriani et al. 1996.
Reference: KOORT (J.), VANDAMME (P.), SCHILLINGER (U.), HOLZAPFEL (W.) and BJÖRKROTH (J.): Lactobacillus curvatus subsp. melibiosus is a later synonym of Lactobacillus sakei subsp. carnosus. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 1621-1626.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus sakei subsp. sakei corrig. Katagiri et al. 1934, subsp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 15521 = CCUG 30501 = CIP 103139 = DSM 20017 = IFO (now NBRC) 15893 = JCM 1157 = LMG 9468 = LMG 13558.
Reference: TORRIANI (S.), VAN REENEN (C.A.), KLEIN (G.), REUTER (G.), DELLAGLIO (F.) and DICKS (L.M.T.): Lactobacillus curvatus subsp. curvatus subsp. nov. and Lactobacillus curvatus subsp. melibiosus subsp. nov. and Lactobacillus sake subsp. sake subsp. nov. and Lactobacillus sake subsp. carnosus subsp. nov., new subspecies of Lactobacillus curvatus Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965 and Lactobacillus sake Katagiri, Kitahara, and Fukami 1934 (Klein et al. 1996, emended descriptions), respectively. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 1158-1163.
Original article in IJSEM Online
Notes:
1 The original spelling of the specific epithet and of the subspecific epithet, sake (sic), have been corrected by Trüper and De’ Clari 1997.
Reference: TRÜPER (H.G.) and DE’ CLARI (L.): Taxonomic note: Necessary correction of specific epithets formed as substantives (nouns) "in apposition". Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 908-909.
2 The subspecies name Lactobacillus sakei subsp. sakei corrig. Katagiri et al. 1934 is automatically created by the valid publication of Lactobacillus sakei subsp. carnosus corrig. Torriani et al. 1996 [Rule 40d (formerly Rule 46)].
    
Lactobacillus salivarius Rogosa et al. 1953, species.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 11741 = CCUG 31453 = CIP 103140 = DSM 20555 = HAMBI 78 = HAMBI 87 = JCM 1231 = LMG 9477 = NRRL B-1949.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. salivarius, slimy, clammy, salivary.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [ROGOSA (M.), WISEMAN (R.F.), MITCHELL (J.A.) and DISRAELY (M.N.): Species differentiation of oral lactobacilli from man including descriptions of Lactobacillus salivarius nov. spec. and Lactobacillus cellobiosus nov. spec. Journal of Bacteriology, 1953, 65, 681-699.]
---> Lactobacillus salivarius Rogosa et al. 1953 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Li et al. 2006.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 11741 = CCUG 31453 = CIP 103140 = DSM 20555 = HAMBI 78 = HAMBI 87 = JCM 1231 = LMG 9477 = NRRL B-1949.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. salivarius, slimy, clammy, salivary.
Reference: LI (Y.), RAFTIS (E.), CANCHAYA (C.), FITZGERALD (G.F.), VAN SINDEREN (D.) and O'TOOLE (P.W.): Polyphasic analysis indicates that Lactobacillus salivarius subsp. salivarius and Lactobacillus salivarius subsp. salicinius do not merit separate subspecies status. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2397-2403.
Original article in IJSEM Online
Note: Li et al. 2006 propose that the infraspecific division of Lactobacillus salivarius into the subspecies ¤ Lactobacillus salivarius subsp. salicinius Rogosa et al. 1953 (Approved Lists 1980), and ¤ Lactobacillus salivarius subsp. salivarius Rogosa et al. 1953 (Approved Lists 1980) be discontinued.
    
Lactobacillus salivarius subsp. salicinius Rogosa et al. 1953, subspecies.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 11742 = CCUG 39464 = CIP 103155 = DSM 20554 = JCM 1150 = LMG 9476 = NBRC 102160 = NRRL B-1950.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [ROGOSA (M.), WISEMAN (R.F.), MITCHELL (J.A.) and DISRAELY (M.N.): Species differentiation of oral lactobacilli from man including descriptions of Lactobacillus salivarius nov. spec. and Lactobacillus cellobiosus nov. spec. Journal of Bacteriology, 1953, 65, 681-699.]
---> ¤ Lactobacillus salivarius Rogosa et al. 1953 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Li et al. 2006.
Note: According to Li et al. 2006, ¤ Lactobacillus salivarius comprises a single species with no infraspecific taxa.
Reference: LI (Y.), RAFTIS (E.), CANCHAYA (C.), FITZGERALD (G.F.), VAN SINDEREN (D.) and O'TOOLE (P.W.): Polyphasic analysis indicates that Lactobacillus salivarius subsp. salivarius and Lactobacillus salivarius subsp. salicinius do not merit separate subspecies status. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2397-2403.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus salivarius subsp. salivarius Rogosa et al. 1953, subspecies.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 11741 = CCUG 31453 = CIP 103140 = DSM 20555 = JCM 1231 = LMG 9477 = NRRL B-1949.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [ROGOSA (M.), WISEMAN (R.F.), MITCHELL (J.A.) and DISRAELY (M.N.): Species differentiation of oral lactobacilli from man including descriptions of Lactobacillus salivarius nov. spec. and Lactobacillus cellobiosus nov. spec. Journal of Bacteriology, 1953, 65, 681-699.]
---> ¤ Lactobacillus salivarius Rogosa et al. 1953 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Li et al. 2006.
Note: According to Li et al. 2006, ¤ Lactobacillus salivarius comprises a single species with no infraspecific taxa.
Reference: LI (Y.), RAFTIS (E.), CANCHAYA (C.), FITZGERALD (G.F.), VAN SINDEREN (D.) and O'TOOLE (P.W.): Polyphasic analysis indicates that Lactobacillus salivarius subsp. salivarius and Lactobacillus salivarius subsp. salicinius do not merit separate subspecies status. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2397-2403.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus sanfranciscensis corrig. (ex Kline and Sugihara 1971) Weiss and Schillinger 1984, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain L-12 = ATCC 27651 = CCUG 30143 = CIP 103252 = DSM 20451 = JCM 5668 = LMG 16002 = NRRL B-3934.
Synonym: "Lactobacillus sanfrancisco" Kline and Sugihara 1971.
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 16. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 503-504. [WEISS (N.) and SCHILLINGER (U.): Lactobacillus sanfrancisco sp. nov., nom. rev. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1984, 5, 230-232.]
Validation List N° 16 in IJSB Online
Note: The original spelling of the specific epithet, sanfrancisco (sic), has been corrected by Trüper and De’ Clari 1997.
Reference: TRÜPER (H.G.) and DE’ CLARI (L.): Taxonomic note: Necessary correction of specific epithets formed as substantives (nouns) "in apposition". Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 908-909.
    
Lactobacillus satsumensis Endo and Okada 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain DSM 16230 = JCM 12392 = NRIC 0604.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. satsumensis, pertaining to Satsuma, old name for the southern part of Kyushu in Japan, from where the type strain was isolated.
Reference: ENDO (A.) and OKADA (S.): Lactobacillus satsumensis sp. nov., isolated from mashes of shochu, a traditional Japanese distilled spirit made from fermented rice and other starchy materials. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 83-85.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus secaliphilus Ehrmann et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain TMW 1.1309 = CCUG 53218 = DSM 17896.
GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ accession number for the 16S rRNA gene sequence of the type strain: AM279150.
Etymology: L. n. secale, rye; Gr. adj. philos, loving; N.L. masc. adj. secaliphilus, rye-loving.
Reference: EHRMANN (M.A.), BRANDT (M.), STOLZ (P.), VOGEL (R.F.) and KORAKLI (M.): Lactobacillus secaliphilus sp. nov., isolated from type II sourdough fermentation. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 745-750.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus senmaizukei Hiraga et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain L13 = NBRC 103853 = TISTR 1847.
GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ accession number for the 16S rRNA gene sequence of the type strain: AB297927.
Etymology: N.L. n. senmaizukeum, senmaizuke, a traditional fermented pickle; N.L. gen. n. senmaizukei, of senmaizuke, referring to the isolation of the type strain from a traditional fermented pickle produced in Kyoto, Japan.
Reference: HIRAGA (K.), UENO (Y.), SUKONTASING (S.), TANASUPAWAT (S.) and ODA (K.): Lactobacillus senmaizukei sp. nov., isolated from Japanese pickle. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1625-1629.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus sharpeae Weiss et al. 1982, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 49974 = CCUG 39466 = CIP 101266 = DSM 20505 = JCM 1186 = LMG 9214 = NRRL B-14855.
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 8. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 266-268. [WEISS (N.), SCHILLINGER (U.), LATERNSER (M.) and KANDLER (O.): Lactobacillus sharpeae sp. nov. and Lactobacillus agilis sp. nov., two new species of homofermentative, meso-diaminopimelic acid-containing lactobacilli. Zentralbl. Mikrobiol. Parasitenkd. Infektionskr. Hyg. Abt. 1 Orig., 1981, C2, 242-253.]
Validation List N° 8 in IJSB Online
    
Lactobacillus siliginis Aslam et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain M1-212 = KCTC 3985 = NBRC 101315.
Etymology: L. n. siligo -inis, a kind of very white wheat, fine wheaten flour; L. gen. n. siliginis, of flour, the source of the first strains.
Reference: ASLAM (Z.), IM (W.T.), TEN (L.N.), LEE (M.J.), KIM (K.H.) and LEE (S.T.): Lactobacillus siliginis sp. nov., isolated from wheat sourdough in South Korea. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2209-2213.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus sobrius Konstantinov et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain OTU171-001 = DSM 16698 = NCCB 100067.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. sobrius, sober, moderate, temperate; in Calvinism, referring to a hard working, invisible person.
Reference: KONSTANTINOV (S.R.), POZNANSKI (E.), FUENTES (S.), AKKERMANS (A.D.L.), SMIDT (H.) and DE VOS (W.M.): Lactobacillus sobrius sp. nov., abundant in the intestine of weaning piglets. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 29-32.
Original article in IJSEM Online
---> ¤ Lactobacillus amylovorus Nakamura 1981.
Note: According to Jakava-Viljanen et al. 2008, Lactobacillus sobrius Konstantinov et al. 2006 is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus amylovorus Nakamura 1981.
Reference: JAKAVA-VILJANEN (M.), MURROS (A.), PALVA (A.) and BJÖRKROTH (K.J.): Lactobacillus sobrius Konstantinov et al. 2006 is a later synonym of Lactobacillus amylovorus Nakamura 1981. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 910-913.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus spicheri Meroth et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain LTH 5753 = DSM 15429 = LMG 21871.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. spicheri, of Spicher, to honour Gottfried Spicher, a German researcher, who contributed to the chemical, microbial and technological characterization of wheat and rye sourdoughs.
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 97. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 631-632. [MEROTH (C.B.), HAMMES (W.P.) and HERTEL (C.): Characterisation of the microbiota of rice sourdoughs and description of Lactobacillus spicheri sp. nov. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2004, 27, 151-159.]
Validation List N° 97 in IJSEM Online
Note: The specific epithet spicheri is a N.L. gen. n., not a L. gen. n. as cited in the paper by Meroth et al.
    
Lactobacillus suebicus Kleynmans et al. 1989, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain I = ATCC 49375 = CCUG 32233 = CIP 103411 = DSM 5007 = JCM 9504 = LMG 11408.
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 31. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 495-497. [KLEYNMANS (U.), HEINZL (H.) and HAMMES (W.P.): Lactobacillus suebicus sp. nov., an obligately heterofermentative Lactobacillus species isolated from fruit mashes. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1989, 11, 267-271.]
Validation List N° 31 in IJSB Online
    
Lactobacillus suntoryeus Cachat and Priest 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain SA = LMG 22464 = NCIMB 14005.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. suntoryeus, belonging to Suntory, occuring in Suntory malt whisky fermentations.
Reference: CACHAT (E.) and PRIEST (F.G.): Lactobacillus suntoryeus sp. nov., isolated from malt whisky distilleries. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 31-34.
Original article in IJSEM Online
---> ¤ Lactobacillus helveticus (Orla-Jensen 1919) Bergey et al. 1925 (Approved Lists 1980).
Note: According to Naser et al. 2006, Lactobacillus suntoryeus Cachat and Priest 2005 is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus helveticus (Orla-Jensen 1919) Bergey et al. 1925 (Approved Lists 1980).
Reference: NASER (S.M.), HAGEN (K.E.), VANCANNEYT (M.), CLEENWERCK (I.), SWINGS (J.) and TOMPKINS (T.A.): Lactobacillus suntoryeus Cachat and Priest 2005 is a later synonym of Lactobacillus helveticus (Orla-Jensen 1919) Bergey et al. 1925 (Approved Lists 1980). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 355-360.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus thailandensis Tanasupawat et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain MCH5-2 = BCC 21235 = JCM 13996 = NRIC 0671.
GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ accession number for the 16S rRNA gene sequence of the type strain: AB257863.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. thailandensis, pertaining to Thailand, where the type strain was isolated.
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 116. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1371-1373. [TANASUPAWAT (S.), PAKDEETO (A.), THAWAI (C.), YUKPHAN (P.) and OKADA (S.): Identification of lactic acid bacteria from fermented tea leaves (miang) in Thailand and proposals of Lactobacillus thailandensis sp. nov., Lactobacillus camelliae sp. nov., and Pediococcus siamensis sp. nov. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 2007, 53, 7-15.]
Validation List N° 116 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online
Note: The specific epithet thailandensis is a "N.L. masc. adj.", not a "M.L. fem. adj." as cited in the effective publication.
    
Lactobacillus thermotolerans Niamsup et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain G 35 = CCUG 48824 = DSM 14792 = JCM 11425.
Etymology: Gr. n. thermê, heat; L. pres. part. tolerans, tolerating; N.L. part. adj. thermotolerans, heat-tolerating.
Reference: NIAMSUP (P.), SUJAYA (I.N.), TANAKA (M.), SONE (T.), HANADA (S.), KAMAGATA (Y.), LUMYONG (S.), ASSAVANIG (A.), ASANO (K.), TOMITA (F.) and YOKOTA (A.): Lactobacillus thermotolerans sp. nov., a novel thermotolerant species isolated from chicken faeces. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 263-268.
Original article in IJSEM Online
More information (in French)
---> ¤ Lactobacillus ingluviei Baele et al. 2003.
Note: According to Felis et al. 2006, Lactobacillus thermotolerans Niamsup et al. 2003 is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus ingluviei Baele et al. 2003.
Reference: FELIS (G.E.), VANCANNEYT (M.), SNAUWAERT (C.), SWINGS (J.), TORRIANI (S.), CASTIONI (A.) and DELLAGLIO (F.): Reclassification of Lactobacillus thermotolerans Niamsup et al. 2003 as a later synonym of Lactobacillus ingluviei Baele et al. 2003. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 793-795.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus trichodes Fornachon et al. 1949, species.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 27394.
Synonym: "Lactobacillus Type I" Fornachon 1943.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [FORNACHON (J.C.M.), DOUGLAS (H.C.) and VAUGHN (R.H.): Lactobacillus trichodes nov. spec., a bacterium causing spoilage in appetizer and dessert wines. Hilgardia, 1949, 19, 129-132.]
---> ¤ Lactobacillus fructivorans Charlton et al. 1934 (Approved Lists 1980).
Note: According to Weiss et al. 1983, Lactobacillus trichodes Fornachon et al. 1949 (Approved Lists 1980) is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus fructivorans Charlton et al. 1934 (Approved Lists 1980).
Reference: WEISS (N.), SCHILLINGER (U.) and KANDLER (O.): Lactobacillus trichodes, and Lactobacillus heterohiochii, subjective synonyms of Lactobacillus fructivorans. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1983, 4, 507-511.
    
Lactobacillus uli Olsen et al. 1991, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 49627 = CCUG 31166 = DSM 7084 = JCM 12494 = LMG 11480 = VPI D76D-27C.
Reference: OLSEN (I.), JOHNSON (J.L.), MOORE (L.V.H.) and MOORE (W.E.C.): Lactobacillus uli sp. nov. and Lactobacillus rimae sp. nov. from the human gingival crevice and emended descriptions of Lactobacillus minutus and Streptococcus parvulus. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1991, 41, 261-266.
Original article in IJSB Online
---> ¤ Olsenella uli (Olsen et al. 1991) Dewhirst et al. 2001, comb. nov.
    
Lactobacillus ultunensis Roos et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain Kx146C1 = CCUG 48460 = DSM 16047 = LMG 22117.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. ultunensis, pertaining to Ultuna, the site of Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences in Uppsala, Sweden.
Reference: ROOS (S.), ENGSTRAND (L.) and JONSSON (H.): Lactobacillus gastricus sp. nov., Lactobacillus antri sp. nov., Lactobacillus kalixensis sp. nov. and Lactobacillus ultunensis sp. nov., isolated from human stomach mucosa. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 77-82.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus vaccinostercus Kozaki and Okada 1983, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain X-94 = TUA 055B = ATCC 33310 = CCUG 30723 = CIP 102807 = DSM 20634 = JCM 1716 = LMG 9215 = NCIMB 11808 = NRIC 1075.
References: VALIDATION LIST N° 10. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 438-440. [OKADA (S.), SUZUKI (Y.) and KOZAKI (M.): A new heterofermentative Lactobacillus species with meso-diaminopimelic acid in peptidoglycan, Lactobacillus vaccinostercus Kozaki and Okada sp. nov. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 1979, 25, 215-221.]
Validation List N° 10 in IJSB Online
Note: On the validation list n° 10, the type strain ATCC 33310 is incorrectly cited as ATCC 3310.
Reference: Erratum. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 673.
---> Lactobacillus vaccinostercus Kozaki and Okada 1983 emend. Dellaglio et al. 2006.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain X-94 = TUA 055B = ATCC 33310 = CCUG 30723 = CIP 102807 = DSM 20634 = JCM 1716 = LMG 9215 = NCIMB 11808 = NRIC 1075.
Etymology: L. adj. vaccinus, pertaining to a cow; L. n. stercus, dung; N.L. masc. adj. vaccinostercus, from cow dung.
Reference: DELLAGLIO (F.), VANCANNEYT (M.), ENDO (A.), VANDAMME (P.), FELIS (G.E.), CASTIONI (A.), FUJIMOTO (J.), WATANABE (K.) and OKADA (S.): Lactobacillus durianis Leisner et al. 2002 is a later heterotypic synonym of Lactobacillus vaccinostercus Kozaki and Okada 1983. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1721-1724.
Original article in IJSEM Online
Note: According to Dellaglio et al. 2006, Lactobacillus vaccinostercus Kozaki and Okada 1983 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus durianis Leisner et al. 2002.
Reference: DELLAGLIO (F.), VANCANNEYT (M.), ENDO (A.), VANDAMME (P.), FELIS (G.E.), CASTIONI (A.), FUJIMOTO (J.), WATANABE (K.) and OKADA (S.): Lactobacillus durianis Leisner et al. 2002 is a later heterotypic synonym of Lactobacillus vaccinostercus Kozaki and Okada 1983. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1721-1724.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus vaginalis Embley et al. 1989, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 49540 = CCUG 31452 = CIP 105932 = DSM 5837 = JCM 9505 = LMG 12891 = NCTC 12197.
Reference: EMBLEY (T.M.), FAQUIR (N.), BOSSART (W.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Lactobacillus vaginalis sp. nov. from the human vagina. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 368-370.
Original article in IJSB Online
    
Lactobacillus versmoldensis Kröckel et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain KU-3 = ATCC BAA-478 = DSM 14857 = NCCB 100034.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. versmoldensis, pertaining to Versmold, the town in Germany where the strains were isolated.
Reference: KRÖCKEL (L.), SCHILLINGER (U.), FRANZ (C.M.A.P.), BANTLEON (A.) and LUDWIG (W.): Lactobacillus versmoldensis sp. nov., isolated from raw fermented sausage. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 513-517.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus vini Rodas et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain Mont 4 = CECT 5924 = DSM 20605 = JCM 14280.
Etymology: L. gen. n. vini, of wine.
Reference: RODAS (A.M.), CHENOLL (E.), MACIÁN (M.C.), FERRER (S.), PARDO (I.) and AZNAR (R.): Lactobacillus vini sp. nov., a wine lactic acid bacterium homofermentative for pentoses. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 513-517.
Original article in IJSEM Online
    
Lactobacillus viridescens Niven and Evans 1957, species.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 12706 = CCM 56 = BCRC (formerly CCRC) 11650 = CCUG 21533 = CCUG 30502 = CECT 283 = CIP 102810 = DSM 20410 = IAM 13546 = JCM 1174 = LMG 3507 = NCCB 71015 = NCIMB 8965 (formerly NCFB 1655, NCDO 1655) = NRIC 1536 = NRRL B-1951 = VKM B-1528.
Synonym: "Lactobacillus viridescens subsp. minor" Kandler and Albo-Elnaga 1966.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [NIVEN (C.F.) and EVANS (J.B.): Lactobacillus viridescens nov. spec. a heterofermentative species that produces a green discoloration of cured meat pigments. Journal of Bacteriology, 1957, 73, 758-759.]
Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, this nomenclatural name is incorrectly cited as Lactobacillus viridescens Kandler and Abo-Elnaga 1966 (sic).
Reference: HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511.
Original article in IJSB Online
---> ¤ Weissella viridescens (Niven and Evans 1957) Collins et al. 1994, comb. nov.
    
Lactobacillus vitulinus Sharpe et al. 1973, species.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 27783 = CCUG 32236 = CIP 103154 = DSM 20405 = JCM 1143 = LMG 18931 = NRRL B-14854.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [SHARPE (M.E.), LATHAM (M.J.), GARVIE (E.I.), ZIRNGIBL (J.) and KANDLER (O.): Two new species of Lactobacillus isolated from the bovine rumen, Lactobacillus ruminis sp. nov. and Lactobacillus vitulinus sp. nov. Journal of General Microbiology, 1973, 77, 37-49.]
    
Lactobacillus xylosus Kitahara 1938, species.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 15577 = LMG 7760.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists in IJSB Online). [KITAHARA (K.): Studies in lactic acid-forming bacteria in milk and milk products. Journal of the Agricultural Chemical Society of Japan, 1938, 14, 1449-1465.]
---> ¤ Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis (Lister 1873) Schleifer et al. 1986, comb. nov.
    
Lactobacillus yamanashiensis (ex Nonomura et al. 1965) Nonomura 1983, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain 239 = ATCC 27304 = JCM 1153.
Synonym: "Lactobacillus yamanashiensis" Nonomura et al. 1965.
Reference: NONOMURA (H.): Lactobacillus yamanashiensis subsp. yamanashiensis and Lactobacillus yamanashiensis subsp. mali sp. and subsp. nov., nom. rev. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 406-407.
Original article in IJSB Online
Note: In the paper by Nonomura 1983 the type strain ATCC 27304 is incorrectly cited as ATCC 27340.
Reference: Erratum. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 675.
Erratum in IJSB Online
---> ¤ Lactobacillus mali Carr and Davies 1970 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Kaneuchi et al. 1988.
Note: According to Kaneuchi et al. 1988, Lactobacillus yamanashiensis (ex Nonomura et al. 1965) Nonomura 1983 is a later heterotypic synonym of Lactobacillus mali Carr and Davies 1970 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Kaneuchi et al. 1988.
Reference: KANEUCHI (C.), SEKI (M.) and KOMAGATA (K.): Taxonomic study of Lactobacillus mali Carr and Davis 1970 and related strains: validation of Lactobacillus mali Carr and Davis 1970 over Lactobacillus yamanashiensis Nonomura 1983. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 269-272.
Original article in IJSB Online
    
Lactobacillus yamanashiensis subsp. mali (Carr and Davies 1970) Nonomura 1983, comb. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 27053 = CCUG 30141 = CCUG 32228 = CIP 103142 = DSM 20444 = JCM 1116 = LMG 6899 = NBRC 102159 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 10560 = NRRL B-4563 = VKM B-1600.
Basonym: ¤ Lactobacillus mali Carr and Davies 1970 (Approved Lists 1980).
Reference: NONOMURA (H.): Lactobacillus yamanashiensis subsp. yamanashiensis and Lactobacillus yamanashiensis subsp. mali sp. and subsp. nov., nom. rev. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 406-407.
Original article in IJSB Online
---> ¤ Lactobacillus mali Carr and Davies 1970 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Kaneuchi et al. 1988.
Note: According to Kaneuchi et al. 1988, Lactobacillus yamanashiensis (ex Nonomura et al. 1965) Nonomura 1983 is a later heterotypic synonym of Lactobacillus mali Carr and Davies 1970 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Kaneuchi et al. 1988.
Reference: KANEUCHI (C.), SEKI (M.) and KOMAGATA (K.): Taxonomic study of Lactobacillus mali Carr and Davis 1970 and related strains: validation of Lactobacillus mali Carr and Davis 1970 over Lactobacillus yamanashiensis Nonomura 1983. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 269-272.
Original article in IJSB Online
    
Lactobacillus yamanashiensis subsp. yamanashiensis (ex Nonomura et al. 1965) Nonomura 1983, subsp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain 239 = ATCC 27304 = JCM 1153.
Synonym: "Lactobacillus yamanashiensis" Nonomura et al. 1965 emend. Nonomura and Ohara 1967.
Reference: NONOMURA (H.): Lactobacillus yamanashiensis subsp. yamanashiensis and Lactobacillus yamanashiensis subsp. mali sp. and subsp. nov., nom. rev. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 406-407.
Original article in IJSB Online
Note: In the paper by Nonomura 1983 the type strain ATCC 27304 is incorrectly cited as ATCC 27340.
Reference: Erratum. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 675.
---> ¤ Lactobacillus mali Carr and Davies 1970 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Kaneuchi et al. 1988.
Note: According to Kaneuchi et al. 1988, Lactobacillus yamanashiensis (ex Nonomura et al. 1965) Nonomura 1983 is a later heterotypic synonym of Lactobacillus mali Carr and Davies 1970 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Kaneuchi et al. 1988.
Reference: KANEUCHI (C.), SEKI (M.) and KOMAGATA (K.): Taxonomic study of Lactobacillus mali Carr and Davis 1970 and related strains: validation of Lactobacillus mali Carr and Davis 1970 over Lactobacillus yamanashiensis Nonomura 1983. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 269-272.
   
Lactobacillus zeae (ex Kuznetsov 1959) Dicks et al. 1996, nom. rev., comb. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain ATCC 15820 = CCUG 35515 = DSM 20178 = JCM 11302 = LMG 17315 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 9537.
Synonym: "Lactobacterium zeae" Kuznetsov 1959.
Reference: DICKS (L.M.T.), Du PLESSIS (E.M.), DELLAGLIO (F.) and LAUER (E.): Reclassification of Lactobacillus casei subsp. casei ATCC 393 and Lactobacillus rhamnosus ATCC 15820 as Lactobacillus zeae nom. rev., designation of ATCC 334 as the neotype of L. casei subsp. casei, and rejection of the name Lactobacillus paracasei. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 337-340.

Note: According to the Opinion 82 issued by the Judicial Commission, the name Lactobacillus zeae (ex Kuznetsov 1959) Dicks et al. 1996 is illegtimate (see the file Some problems with Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus paracasei and Lactobacillus zeae).
Reference: JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATICS OF PROKARYOTES: The type strain of Lactobacillus casei is ATCC 393, ATCC 334 cannot serve as the type because it represents a different taxon, the name Lactobacillus paracasei and its subspecies names are not rejected and the revival of the name ‘Lactobacillus zeae’ contravenes Rules 51b (1) and (2) of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria. Opinion 82. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1764-1765.
Opinion 82 in IJSEM Online

Lactobacillus zymae Vancanneyt et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain (see also StrainInfo.net): strain R-18615 = CCM 7241 = CCUG 50163 = LMG 22198.
Etymology: N.L. n. zyma (from Gr. n. zumê), leaven, sourdough; N.L. gen. n. zymae, of sourdough.
Reference: VANCANNEYT (M.), NEYSENS (P.), DE WACHTER (M.), ENGELBEEN (K.), SNAUWAERT (C.), CLEENWERCK (I.), VAN DER MEULEN (R.), HOSTE (B.), TSAKALIDOU (E.), DE VUYST (L.) and SWINGS (J.): Lactobacillus acidifarinae sp. nov. and Lactobacillus zymae sp. nov., from wheat sourdoughs. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 615-620.


INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SYSTEMATIC AND EVOLUTIONARY MICROBIOLOGY (http://ijs.sgmjournals.org/)

List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature (http://www.bacterio.net/index.html

 

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